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Belief of the Punishment of the Grave

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

 Belief of the Punishment of the Grave according to the Quran and Sahih Hadith

إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ، نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، أَمَّا بَعْدُ

The Belief of the Punishment of the Grave

In present times the Muslim ummah main cause of “shirk” (associating partners with Allah Almighty) is due to the misbelief that a dead body is reunited with the soul and in some manner is brought back to a way of life in this worldly grave. The Quran and Sahih Hadith completely rejects that the soul returns to the dead body (o’ud rooh), or that the body has any connection with the soul and that punishment of any kind is experienced in this worldly grave. The Quran and Sahih Hadith state and confirm that, after life in this world as we know it the dead body remains unconnected to the soul till the day of resurrection. The dead body (corpse) is simply in a state of decomposition and eventually returns into soil.

The majority of today’s Muslims in some form or manner believe that the dead body in this worldly grave is alive and some may have the extreme belief that the body can hear and see. This misbelief in turn leads to calling to these dead bodies for assistance and intercession and considering them as daata (provider), mushkil kusha (problem solver) and haajat rawa (one who gives to the needy), These are dangerous paths that lead to grave worshiping. Due to this reason they are not invoking Allah exclusively and they do charitable acts in an attempt to please these dead saints etc.

The main cause of this misbelief is the returning of the soul into the dead body and that there is some form of life in the worldly grave. They say that the soul returns to the dead body for questions and answers and the punishment in the grave is experienced in the worldly grave. Now since their misbelief is that the soul has returned to the dead body, the question arises that the person is alive in some form and now this dead saint etc is empowered in some way and can assist in solving their issues in this life and the next.

In this series we will In Sha Allah bring forward evidence from the Quran and Sahih Hadith and present what is “The punishment of the grave”, where does it occur and how does it happen? We are told that the soul and the punishment of the grave are matters of ghaib (unseen) and Allah has not given us these details, but there is enough information about this matter for a believer who wants to be guided by the Quran and sahih Hadith. He will never accept self-created misbelief given by these misguided scholars and sheikhs about “the soul returning to the dead body and that it can experience the torment or blessing of the grave”. 

Please read this article with an open heart, give it your full attention and we request humbly if you find any errors, please advise us with the reference and evidence from the Quran and/or Sahih Hadith.

Horror of the punishment of the grave according to Hadith of Prophet (ﷺ)

 أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ تَقُولُ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَطِيبًا فَذَكَرَ فِتْنَةَ الْقَبْرِ الَّتِي يَفْتَتِنُ فِيهَا الْمَرْءُ، فَلَمَّا ذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ ضَجَّ الْمُسْلِمُونَ ضَجَّةً‏

Narrated Asma’ bint Abi Bakr:Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) once stood up delivering a sermon and mentioned the trial which people will face in the grave. When he mentioned that, the Muslims started shouting loudly.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The punishment in the grave)

The Punishment of the Grave according to the Quran.

Allah Almighty said in the Quran:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ ۖ وَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الظَّالِمِينَ ۚ وَيَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ

( ابراہیم : 27 )

Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray the wrongdoers. And Allah does what He wills.

(Surah Ibrahim 27)

The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned the following for this ayat:

إِذَا أُقْعِدَ الْمُؤْمِنُ فِي قَبْرِهِ أُتِيَ، ثُمَّ شَهِدَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ ‏{‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ‏}‏ ‏.‏ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ بِهَذَا وَزَادَ ‏{‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا‏}‏ نَزَلَتْ فِي عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ‏.‏

When a faithful believer is made to sit in his grave, then (the angels) come to him and he testifies that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle. And that corresponds to Allah’s statement: Allah will keep firm those who believe with the word that stands firm . . . (14.27).

Narrated Shu’ba:

Same as above and added, “Allah will keep firm those who believe . . . (14.27) was revealed concerning the punishment of the grave.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The punishment in the grave)

الْمُسْلِمُ إِذَا سُئِلَ فِي الْقَبْرِ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ ‏{‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ‏}‏‏”‏

When a Muslim is questioned in his grave, he will testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), and that is what is meant by Allah’s Statement:– “Allah will keep firm those who believe with a Word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter۔

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet () Surah Ibrahim, Chapter 2 “Allah will keep firm those who believe with, the word that stands firm…” (V.14:27))

It is understood that punishment and reward in the grave is related to the person’s aakhira (hereafter).

Where does the Aakhira (hereafter) of a Person start from?

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ قَالَتْ تُوُفِّيَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي بَيْتِي وَفِي يَوْمِي، وَبَيْنَ سَحْرِي وَنَحْرِي، وَكَانَتْ إِحْدَانَا تُعَوِّذُهُ بِدُعَاءٍ إِذَا مَرِضَ، فَذَهَبْتُ أُعَوِّذُهُ، فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَقَالَ ‏ “‏ فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى ‏”‏‏.‏ وَمَرَّ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَفِي يَدِهِ جَرِيدَةٌ رَطْبَةٌ، فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّ لَهُ بِهَا حَاجَةً فَأَخَذْتُهَا، فَمَضَغْتُ رَأْسَهَا وَنَفَضْتُهَا فَدَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْهِ، فَاسْتَنَّ بِهَا كَأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانَ مُسْتَنًّا ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِيهَا فَسَقَطَتْ يَدُهُ ـ أَوْ سَقَطَتْ مِنْ يَدِهِ ـ فَجَمَعَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَ رِيقِي وَرِيقِهِ فِي آخِرِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَأَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الآخِرَةِ‏.‏

Narrated `Aisha:

The Prophet (ﷺ) expired in my house and on the day of my turn, leaning against my chest. One of us (i.e. the Prophet’s wives) used to recite a prayer asking Allah to protect him from all evils when he became sick. So I started asking Allah to protect him from all evils (by reciting a prayer). He raised his head towards the sky and said, “With the highest companions, with the highest companions.” `Abdur- Rahman bin Abu Bakr passed carrying a fresh leaf-stalk of a date-palm and the Prophet (ﷺ) looked at it and I thought that the Prophet (ﷺ) was in need of it (for cleaning his teeth). So I took it (from `Abdur Rahman) and chewed its head and shook it and gave it to the Prophet (ﷺ) who cleaned his teeth with it, in the best way he had ever cleaned his teeth, and then he gave it to me, and suddenly his hand dropped down or it fell from his hand (i.e. he expired). So Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva on his last day on earth and his first day in the Hereafter.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet () and his death)

From the above-mentioned Hadith, it is proven that as soon as a person’s soul is captured, the duration of this life has ended, and the matter of the hereafter begins.

What will happen to the dead person at the onset of the hereafter.

الَّذِيْنَ تَتَوَفّٰىهُمُ الْمَلٰٓىِٕكَةُ ظَالِمِيْۤ اَنْفُسِهِمْ١۪ فَاَلْقَوُا السَّلَمَ مَا كُنَّا نَعْمَلُ مِنْ سُوْٓءٍؕ بَلٰۤى اِنَّ اللّٰهَ عَلِيْمٌۢ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُوْنَ۰۰۲۸فَادْخُلُوْۤا اَبْوَابَ جَهَنَّمَ خٰلِدِيْنَ فِيْهَاؕ فَلَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِيْنَ۰۰

( النحل :28- 29 )

The ones whom the angels take in death [while] wronging themselves, and [who] then offer submission, [saying], “We were not doing any evil.” But, yes! Indeed, Allah is Knowing of what you used to do.So enter the gates of Hell to abide eternally therein, and how wretched is the residence of the arrogant.

(Surah An-Nahl 28/29)

وَ لَوْ تَرٰۤى اِذِ الظّٰلِمُوْنَ فِيْ غَمَرٰتِ الْمَوْتِ وَ الْمَلٰٓىِٕكَةُ بَاسِطُوْۤا اَيْدِيْهِمْ١ۚ اَخْرِجُوْۤا اَنْفُسَكُمْ١ؕ اَلْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ عَذَابَ الْهُوْنِ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَقُوْلُوْنَ عَلَى اللّٰهِ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ وَ كُنْتُمْ عَنْ اٰيٰتِهٖ تَسْتَكْبِرُوْنَ۠۰۰۹۳

وَ لَقَدْ جِئْتُمُوْنَا فُرَادٰى كَمَا خَلَقْنٰكُمْ اَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَّ تَرَكْتُمْ مَّا خَوَّلْنٰكُمْ وَرَآءَ ظُهُوْرِكُمْ١ۚ وَ مَا نَرٰى مَعَكُمْ شُفَعَآءَكُمُ الَّذِيْنَ زَعَمْتُمْ اَنَّهُمْ فِيْكُمْ شُرَكٰٓؤُا١ؕ لَقَدْ تَّقَطَّعَ بَيْنَكُمْ وَ ضَلَّ عَنْكُمْ مَّا كُنْتُمْ تَزْعُمُوْنَؒ۰۰۹۴

( الانعام ؛ 93/94)

And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.

Today˺ you have come back to Us all alone as We created you the first time—leaving behind everything We have provided you with. We do not see your intercessors with you—those you claimed were Allah’s partners ˹in worship˺. All your ties have been broken and all your claims have let you down.

(Surah Al-An’am 93/94)

الَّذِيْنَ تَتَوَفّٰىهُمُ الْمَلٰٓىِٕكَةُ طَيِّبِيْنَ١ۙ يَقُوْلُوْنَ سَلٰمٌ عَلَيْكُمُ١ۙ ادْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُوْنَ

The ones whom the angels take in death, [being] good and pure; [the angels] will say, “Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise for what you used to do.”

(Surah An-Nahl 32)

From the above Quranic Verses and Sahih Hadith, it is proven that as soon as a person’s soul is seized, the duration of this life ends, and the matter of akhira (hereafter) begins and the next stage is the start of the reward in Paradise or the torment in hellfire. When the akhira (hereafter) commences Allah keeps the believer firm as Allah keeps the believer firm in the world and according to the above mentioned Sahih Bukhari Hadith narrated by Al-Bara bin Azib, that is in reality also the torment of the grave.

What will happen to the soul after death.

In relation to the belief of the punishment of the grave, in which we will In sha Allah attempt to make clear the most important and basic belief of the punishment of the grave according to the Quran and Sahih Hadith. The vast majority of Ummat e Muslima disagree in regard to this matter and In sha Allah after reading this we will be able to rectify ourselves.

Earlier we discussed according to the Quran and Sahih Hadith when a person dies his Aakhira (Hereafter) life begins immediately. The last moment in this world is followed by the first moment of hereafter as this is what we established from Mother Ayesha when informing us about the moments of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)’s death time in Sahih Bukhari.

We understood according to the Quran and Sahih Hadith the punishment of the grave begins at the point of death when the angels capture the soul, and the punishment of the grave is also a part of the Punishment of hereafter.

The critical question is, what happens next to the soul as the life of the hereafter begins according to the Quran and sahih Hadith

In Surah Yaseen:20 of the Quran, Allah has mentioned about a Muslim man who warned people to follow the messenger.

Allah had sent to this nation two Messengers and then a third Messenger to support and they said to their nation that we are Messengers and we have been sent by Allah. Our only duty is to convey the open message of Allah the Lord of the Universe. But the unfortunate nation rejected the message due to those prophets being human. The Man, from Surah Yaseen who had travelled from the far end of the city. As Allah has mentioned in Surah Yaseen:

وَ جَآءَ مِنْ اَقْصَا الْمَدِيْنَةِ رَجُلٌ يَّسْعٰى قَالَ يٰقَوْمِ اتَّبِعُوا الْمُرْسَلِيْنَۙ

And there came from the farthest end of the city a man, running. He said, “O my people, follow the messengers.

( Yaseen : 20)

اتَّبِعُوْا مَنْ لَّا يَسْـَٔلُكُمْ اَجْرًا وَّ هُمْ مُّهْتَدُوْنَ

Follow those who do not ask of you [any] payment, and they are [rightly] guided.

( Yaseen : 21 )

وَ مَا لِيَ لَاۤ اَعْبُدُ الَّذِيْ فَطَرَنِيْ وَ اِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُوْنَ

And why should I not worship He who created me and to whom you will be returned?

( Yaseen : 22 )

ءَاَتَّخِذُ مِنْ دُوْنِهٖۤ اٰلِهَةً اِنْ يُّرِدْنِ الرَّحْمٰنُ بِضُرٍّ لَّا تُغْنِ عَنِّيْ شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْـًٔا وَّ لَا يُنْقِذُوْنِۚ

Should I take other than Him [false] deities [while], if the Most Merciful intends for me some adversity, their intercession will not avail me at all, nor can they save me?

( Yaseen: 23 )

اِنِّيْۤ اِذًا لَّفِيْ ضَلٰلٍ مُّبِيْنٍ

Indeed, I would then be in manifest error.

(Yaseen : 24)

اِنِّيْۤ اٰمَنْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ فَاسْمَعُوْنِ

Indeed, I have believed in your Lord, so listen to me.”

 (Yaseen : 25)

After listening to this his people martyred him so what happened after this, Allah has mentioned in Quran

قِيْلَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ

It was said, “Enter Paradise.” He said, “I wish my people could know

( Yaseen : 26 )

قَالَ يٰلَيْتَ قَوْمِيْ يَعْلَمُوْنَ

Of how my Lord has forgiven me and placed me among the honoured.

That he was forgiven and honoured by Allah, which means he was entered into Paradise immediately after death although he was concerned about the people from his nation and wished they would have known what had happened to him.

 The moment of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)’s death

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا ثَقُلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم جَعَلَ يَتَغَشَّاهُ، فَقَالَتْ فَاطِمَةُ ـ عَلَيْهَا السَّلاَمُ ـ وَاكَرْبَ أَبَاهُ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهَا ‏ “‏ .لَيْسَ عَلَى أَبِيكِ كَرْبٌ بَعْدَ الْيَوْمِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَلَمَّا مَاتَ قَالَتْ يَا أَبَتَاهْ، أَجَابَ رَبًّا دَعَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ مَنْ جَنَّةُ الْفِرْدَوْسِ مَأْوَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ إِلَى جِبْرِيلَ نَنْعَاهْ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا دُفِنَ قَالَتْ فَاطِمَةُ ـ عَلَيْهَا السَّلاَمُ ـ يَا أَنَسُ، أَطَابَتْ أَنْفُسُكُمْ أَنْ تَحْثُوا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم التُّرَابَ

(صحیح البخاری: کتاب المغازی؛ بَابُ مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ )

Narrated Anas:When the ailment of the Prophet (ﷺ) got aggravated, he became unconscious whereupon Fatima said, “Oh, how distressed my father is!” He said, “Your father will have no more distress after today.” When he expired, she said, “O Father! Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him! O Father, whose dwelling place is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)! O Father! We convey this news (of your death) to Gabriel.” When he was buried, Fatima said, “O Anas! Do you feel pleased to throw earth over Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)?”

Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet () and his death.

Now we can clearly see in this hadith that, at the moment of the Prophets (ﷺ) death the matter was so instant that Fatima thought that Gabriel would not even know that Prophet (ﷺ) has died. But her belief is clear from her words that the Prophet (ﷺ) after his death has reached Paradise (Al-Firdaus) immediately.

The story of the two men from among Bani Isra’il

قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ كَانَ رَجُلاَنِ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مُتَآخِيَيْنِ فَكَانَ أَحَدُهُمَا يُذْنِبُ وَالآخَرُ مُجْتَهِدٌ فِي الْعِبَادَةِ فَكَانَ لاَ يَزَالُ الْمُجْتَهِدُ يَرَى الآخَرَ عَلَى الذَّنْبِ فَيَقُولُ أَقْصِرْ ‏.‏ فَوَجَدَهُ يَوْمًا عَلَى ذَنْبٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَقْصِرْ فَقَالَ خَلِّنِي وَرَبِّي أَبُعِثْتَ عَلَىَّ رَقِيبًا فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ يَغْفِرُ اللَّهُ لَكَ أَوْ لاَ يُدْخِلُكَ اللَّهُ الْجَنَّةَ ‏.‏ فَقُبِضَ أَرْوَاحُهُمَا فَاجْتَمَعَا عِنْدَ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَقَالَ لِهَذَا الْمُجْتَهِدِ أَكُنْتَ بِي عَالِمًا أَوْ كُنْتَ عَلَى مَا فِي يَدِي قَادِرًا وَقَالَ لِلْمُذْنِبِ اذْهَبْ فَادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ بِرَحْمَتِي وَقَالَ لِلآخَرِ اذْهَبُوا بِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَتَكَلَّمَ بِكَلِمَةٍ أَوْبَقَتْ دُنْيَاهُ وَآخِرَتَهُ ‏.‏

( سنن ابی داؤد، کتاب الادب،بَابٌ فِي النَّهْيِ عَنِ البَغْيِ؛ حكم الألباني: صحيح)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: There were two men among Banu Isra’il, who were striving for the same goal. One of them would commit sin and the other would strive to do his best in the world. The man who exerted himself in worship continued to see the other in sin.

He would say: Refrain from it. One day he found him in sin and said to him: Refrain from it.

He said: Leave me alone with my Lord. Have you been sent as a watchman over me? He said: I swear by Allah, Allah will not forgive you, nor will he admit you to Paradise. Then their souls were taken back (by Allah), and they met together with the Lord of the worlds.

He (Allah) said to this man who had striven hard in worship; Had you knowledge about Me or had you power over that which I had in My hand? He said to the man who sinned: Go and enter Paradise by My mercy. He said about the other: Take him to Hell.

AbuHurayrah said: By Him in Whose hand my soul is, he spoke a word by which this world and the next world of his were destroyed.

Sunan Abi Dawud, Book of General Behaviour (Kitab Al-Adab), Chapter: Regarding the prohibition of wronging others

From this hadith we can see that the belief that after death when the soul has been captured it does not re-enter in the worldly grave but travels towards Allah. We are aware, Allah is at his Throne which is above Al Firdaus, Paradise. Allah ordered one of the men to Paradise and the other to hell and there is no mention of the return to a worldly grave.

People of Nuh (عليه السلام) were drowned and then put into the Hell Fire

مِمَّا خَطِيْٓـٰٔتِهِمْ۠ اُغْرِقُوْا فَاُدْخِلُوْا نَارًا١ۙ۬ فَلَمْ يَجِدُوْا لَهُمْ مِّنْ دُوْنِ اللّٰهِ اَنْصَارًا

Because of their sins they were drowned and put into the Fire, and they found not for themselves besides Allah [any] helpers.

(Surah Nuh 25)

From the verse above it is clear that nation of Nuh (عليه السلام) were killed when Allah drowned them as punishment and then straight away they entered into the Fire that means hell. Their dead bodies were here in this world and there was no one to carry their dead bodies on four shoulders to bury them in this worldly grave, so after burying their dead bodies would they have heard the footsteps of those who would of buried them and in this worldly grave would have answered angel’s questions.

But still after death they entered in hell and that’s their punishment of grave.

Allah’s punishment on the wives of Nuh (عليه السلام) and lut (عليه السلام)

ضَرَبَ اللّٰهُ مَثَلًا لِّلَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوا امْرَاَتَ نُوْحٍ وَّ امْرَاَتَ لُوْطٍ١ؕ كَانَتَا تَحْتَ عَبْدَيْنِ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا صَالِحَيْنِ فَخَانَتٰهُمَا فَلَمْ يُغْنِيَا عَنْهُمَا مِنَ اللّٰهِ شَيْـًٔا وَّ قِيْلَ ادْخُلَا النَّارَ مَعَ الدّٰخِلِيْنَ

Allah presents an example of those who disbelieved: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. They were under two of Our righteous servants but betrayed them, so those prophets did not avail them from Allah at all, and it was said, “Enter the Fire with those who enter.”

(Surah At-Tahrim 10)

The above prophets’ wives denied the verses of Allah, and after their death they were entered into the hellfire.

Punishment of the grave given to Amr bin ‘Amir bin Luhai Al-Khuza`i

أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ رَأَيْتُ جَهَنَّمَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا، وَرَأَيْتُ عَمْرًا يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ، وَهْوَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَيَّبَ السَّوَائِبَ ‏

( بخاری، کتاب التفسیر ، بَابُ {مَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ مِنْ بَحِيرَةٍ وَلاَ سَائِبَةٍ، وَلاَ وَصِيلَةٍ وَلاَ حَامٍ}

Narrated `Aisha:Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “I saw Hell and its different portions were consuming each other and saw `Amr dragging his intestines (in it), and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose (for the idols).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet ())

Punishment of the grave given to Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik

وَرَأَيْتُ أَبَا ثُمَامَةَ عَمْرَو بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّارِ

(مسلم ، کتاب الکسوف ، بَابُ مَا عُرِضَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي صَلَاةِ الْكُسُوفِ مِنْ أَمْرِ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ)‏

And I saw Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik who was dragging his intestines in Hell.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: What Was Shown To The Prophet Of Paradise And Hell During The Eclipse Prayer)

Punishment of the grave given to the one who locked up the cat.

Prophet ﷺsaid:

عُذِّبَتِ امْرَأَةٌ فِي هِرَّةٍ حَبَسَتْهَا، حَتَّى مَاتَتْ جُوعًا، فَدَخَلَتْ فِيهَا النَّارَ ـ قَالَ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ ـ لاَ أَنْتِ أَطْعَمْتِهَا وَلاَ سَقَيْتِهَا حِينَ حَبَسْتِيهَا، وَلاَ أَنْتِ أَرْسَلْتِيهَا فَأَكَلَتْ مِنْ خَشَاشِ الأَرْضِ ‏

(بخاری، کتاب المساقاۃ ، بَابُ فَضْلِ سَقْيِ المَاءِ )‏

A woman was tortured and was put in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it died of hunger.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), ‘You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Distribution of Water, Chapter: The superiority of providing water)

From the Quran and Sahih Hadith it is clear that after death the place of reward and punishment is Paradise and Hell. In addition to this evidence there are substantial evidence in the Quran and Sahih Hadith which we will In Sha Allah bring forward. In short, from the Quran and sahih Hadith it is evident that the actual place of reward and punishment is Paradise and Hell as we have discussed how many are not buried in a traditional manner and thus are not given a worldly grave due to such examples such as cremation, drowning or bodies unable to be recovered for burial purposes.

Previously we presented facts regarding the torment of the grave with evidence from the Quran and sahih Hadith. In Sha Allah this will enable us to rectify the various opinions we have currently in the Ummat and conclude the correct belief according to the Quran and sahih hadith

We also concluded that after death the soul according to the Quran and sahih Hadith immediately either enters Paradise for reward or Hell for punishment. Allah in the (Quran) and the Prophet informed us regarding, people who are going through reward and punishment in the sahih Hadith in which all of them the place of punishment is Hell and place of reward is Paradise.

What happens to the body after death

After this the question arises in our minds if the soul is going through this in Paradise or Hell so then what happens to the dead body after death?

We need to understand in the basic form that a human comprises of two things which make it alive, the soul and the body. When the soul first enters the body in the womb, it becomes life and when the soul is extracted it becomes a dead body

The Condition of human body after death

When a human’s appointed time has come to an end, by Allah’s command the angels of death are sent to extract the soul from the living body. The body will now remain soulless and in this state until the day of resurrection.

The bodies of the dead will be raised on the day of Resurrection

ثُمَّ اِنَّكُمْ بَعْدَ ذٰلِكَ لَمَيِّتُوْنَؕ۝ثُمَّ اِنَّكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ تُبْعَثُوْنَ

Then indeed, after that you are to die.Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected.

(Surah Mu’minun 15-16)

The law of Allah confirms that the bodies of the dead will not be raised before the day of judgement.

The Dead body has no consciousness or sense

اَمْوَاتٌ غَيْرُ اَحْيَآءٍ١ۚ وَ مَا يَشْعُرُوْنَ١ۙ اَيَّانَ يُبْعَثُوْنَؒ

They are, [in fact], dead, not alive, and they do not perceive when they will be resurrected.

(Surah An-Nahl 21)

We can extract from the above that the dead body has no consciousness or sense after the soul has departed the body until the day of Judgement. It neither feels cold nor heat or any pain.

The Dead do not hear or respond. These are attributes of the alive, the dead will be brought back to life on the day of resurrection

اِنَّمَا يَسْتَجِيْبُ الَّذِيْنَ يَسْمَعُوْنَ١ؔؕ وَ الْمَوْتٰى يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللّٰهُ ثُمَّ اِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُوْنَؐ

Only those who hear will respond. But the dead – Allah will resurrect them; then to Him they will be returned.

(Surah Al-An’am 36)

The Dead do not hear

اِنَّكَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتٰى وَ لَا تُسْمِعُ الصُّمَّ الدُّعَآءَ اِذَا وَلَّوْا مُدْبِرِيْنَ

Indeed, you will not make the dead hear, nor will you make the deaf hear the call when they have turned their backs retreating.

 (Surah An-Naml 80)

وَ مَا يَسْتَوِي الْاَحْيَآءُ وَ لَا الْاَمْوَاتُ١ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يُسْمِعُ مَنْ يَّشَآءُ١ۚ وَ مَاۤ اَنْتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّنْ فِي الْقُبُوْرِ

And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, Allah causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.

 (Surah Fatir 22)

It is impossible for the dead to respond

وَ لَوْ اَنَّنَا نَزَّلْنَاۤ اِلَيْهِمُ الْمَلٰٓىِٕكَةَ وَ كَلَّمَهُمُ الْمَوْتٰى وَ حَشَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ قُبُلًا مَّا كَانُوْا لِيُؤْمِنُوْۤا اِلَّاۤ اَنْ يَّشَآءَ اللّٰهُ وَ لٰكِنَّ اَكْثَرَهُمْ يَجْهَلُوْنَ

And even if We had sent down to them the angels [with the message] and the dead spoke to them [of it] and We gathered together every [created] thing in front of them, they would not believe unless Allah should will. But most of them, [of that], are ignorant.

 (Surah Al An’am 111)

It is clear from the book of Allah that dead bodies do not have any consciousness or sense, they are unable to hear or respond (speak), after death, the body gradually decays and eventually returns to the soil.

اَوَ لَمْ يَرَ الْاِنْسَانُ اَنَّا خَلَقْنٰهُ مِنْ نُّطْفَةٍ فَاِذَا هُوَ خَصِيْمٌ مُّبِيْنٌ Oوَ ضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلًا وَّ نَسِيَ خَلْقَهٗ١ؕ قَالَ مَنْ يُّحْيِ الْعِظَامَ وَ هِيَ رَمِيْمٌ قُلْ يُحْيِيْهَا الَّذِيْۤ اَنْشَاَهَاۤ اَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ١ؕ وَ هُوَ بِكُلِّ خَلْقٍ عَلِيْمُۙ

Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary?

And he presents for Us an example and forgets his [own] creation. He says, “Who will give life to bones while they are disintegrated?”

Say, “He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing.”

(Surah Yaseen 77-79)

ءَاِذَا مِتْنَا وَ كُنَّا تُرَابًا وَّ عِظَامًا ءَاِنَّا لَمَبْعُوْثُوْنَ۠ۙ۰۰۱۶اَوَ اٰبَآؤُنَا الْاَوَّلُوْنَؕ۰۰۱۷قُلْ نَعَمْ وَ اَنْتُمْ دَاخِرُوْنَۚ۰۰۱۸

When we have died and become dust and bones, are we indeed to be resurrected?

And our forefathers [as well]?”Say, “Yes, and you will be [rendered] contemptible.”

(Surah As-Saffat 16-18)

Prophet ﷺsaid:

كُلُّ ابْنِ آدَمَ يَأْكُلُهُ التُّرَابُ إِلاَّ عَجْبَ الذَّنَبِ مِنْهُ خُلِقَ وَفِيهِ يُرَكَّبُ

(صحیح البخاری: کتاب تفسیر القرآن، بَابُ {يَوْمَ يُنْفَخُ فِي الصُّورِ فَتَأْتُونَ أَفْوَاجًا} [النبأ: 18]: زُمَرًا)

The earth would consume all of the son of Adam except his (Ajab a Zanab) tailbone. From it he was created, and from it he will be recreated (on the Day of Resurrection).

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Tribulations and Portents of the Last Hour, Chapter: Between The Blasts (Of The Trumpet))

And in Quran Allah has said

قَدْ عَلِمْنَا مَا تَنْقُصُ الْاَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ١ۚ وَ عِنْدَنَا كِتٰبٌ حَفِيْظٌ

We know what the earth diminishes of them, and with Us is a retaining record.

(Surah Qaf 4)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ مَا بَيْنَ النَّفْخَتَيْنِ أَرْبَعُونَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ يَوْمًا قَالَ أَبَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ شَهْرًا قَالَ أَبَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ سَنَةً قَالَ أَبَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالَ:ثُمَّ يُنْزِلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً‏.‏ فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا يَنْبُتُ الْبَقْلُ لَيْسَ مِنَ الإِنْسَانِ شَىْءٌ إِلاَّ يَبْلَى إِلاَّ عَظْمًا وَاحِدًا وَهْوَ عَجْبُ الذَّنَبِ، وَمِنْهُ يُرَكَّبُ الْخَلْقُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Abu Huraira said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, ‘Between the two sounds of the trumpet, there will be forty.” Somebody asked Abu Huraira, “Forty days?” But he refused to reply. Then he asked, “Forty months?” He refused to reply. Then he asked, “Forty years?” Again, he refused to reply. Abu Huraira added. “Then (after this period) Allah will send water from the sky and then the dead bodies will grow like vegetation grows, There is nothing of the human body that does not decay except one bone; that is the little bone at the end of the coccyx of which the human body will be recreated on the Day of Resurrection.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet ()) – كتاب التفسير)

The above Verses of the Quran and Sahih Hadith prove that after death the soul enters for either reward or punishment to Paradise or Hell. Gradually this corpse starts to decay and eventually returns to the soil with the exclusion of Ajab uz Zanab coccyx (tailbone) from which the human body will be recreated on the day of resurrection. The recreation of this body, itself is evidence that they (dead body) decays hence the recreation.

Further, in Surah Fatir verses 19-22 Allah has given examples of opposite things to make us understand that the bodies of the living and the dead are not the same.

وَ مَا يَسْتَوِي الْاَعْمٰى وَ الْبَصِيْرُ

Not equal are the blind and the seeing,

وَ لَا الظُّلُمٰتُ وَ لَا النُّوْرُۙ

Nor are the darknesses and the light,

وَ لَا الظِّلُّ وَ لَا الْحَرُوْرُۚ

Nor are the shade and the heat,

وَ مَا يَسْتَوِي الْاَحْيَآءُ وَ لَا الْاَمْوَاتُ١ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يُسْمِعُ مَنْ يَّشَآءُ١ۚ وَ مَاۤ اَنْتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّنْ فِي الْقُبُوْرِ

And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, Allah causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.

 (Surah Fatir 19-22)

It means the blind or those who can see are not the same. Dark and light, shade and heat are opposite to each other. Exactly the same for the living and the dead are opposite to each other they do not have same qualities. The one who is alive have their senses, he has a functioning brain to think, eyes to see, a nose to smell, ears to hear whereas the dead body has none of these attributes until the day of resurrection, so the dead body has no consciousness or sense.

If the dead body was to experience pain, then why is it that a body being cremated is never seen to react in anyway due to the pain of heat. Allah has said this dead body decomposes so when the face, tongue, eyes and ears have decomposed how are they able to speak, hear or see? The dead body is simply in a state of decomposition and eventually will return to the soil. The body does not have the ability to feel any pain or react.

This body will be recreated on the day of resurrection as Allah has said in the Quran:

اَيَحْسَبُ الْاِنْسَانُ اَلَّنْ نَّجْمَعَ عِظَامَهٗ

Does man think that We will not assemble his bones?

بَلٰى قٰدِرِيْنَ عَلٰۤى اَنْ نُّسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهٗ

Yes. [We are] Able [even] to proportion his fingertips.

 (Surah Al-Qiyamah 3-4)

اَفَعَيِيْنَا بِالْخَلْقِ الْاَوَّلِ١ؕ بَلْ هُمْ فِيْ لَبْسٍ مِّنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِيْدٍ

Did We fail in the first creation? But they are in confusion over a new creation.

 (Surah Qaf 15)

The decomposed body will be recreated as confirmed in the Hadith stated above. It will be exclusively on the day of resurrection, and it is the same day for which Allah has said:

ثُمَّ اِنَّكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ تُبْعَثُوْنَ

Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected.

(Surah Al-Mu’minun 16)

From the above evidences, it is proven that from the moment of death to the day of resurrection, reward or punishment has no connection with the body which is made of clay and no longer has consciousness. After death the body begins to decompose and eventually returns to the soil.

From the above evidences of Quran and Hadith, the following facts have been proved:

  • The hereafter of the dead commences as he dies.
  • The initial stage of the hereafter when the soul enters Paradise or Hell is where the reward or punishment is.
  • Immediately after death, the body no longer has consciousness or sense.
  • Gradually the physical corpse starts decomposing and as per the Quran, it will only be recreated on the day of resurrection.

The torment of the grave is the first step of the torment of the hereafter and in this verse of the Quran:

وَ مِمَّنْ حَوْلَكُمْ مِّنَ الْاَعْرَابِ مُنٰفِقُوْنَ١ۛؕ وَ مِنْ اَهْلِ الْمَدِيْنَةِ١ؔۛ۫ مَرَدُوْا عَلَى النِّفَاقِ١۫ لَا تَعْلَمُهُمْ١ؕ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُهُمْ١ؕ سَنُعَذِّبُهُمْ مَّرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّوْنَ اِلٰى عَذَابٍ عَظِيْمٍ

And among the bedouins round about you, some are hypocrites, and so are some among the people of Al-Madinah, they exaggerate and persist in hypocrisy, you (O Muhammad (ﷺ)) know them not, We know them. We shall punish them twice, and thereafter they shall be brought back to a great (horrible) torment.

 (Surah Tawbah 101)

In this verse three punishments have been mentioned:

  • First punishment: in this world
  • Second punishment: starts as they die
  • Third punishment: will commence after the day of Judgement.

This verse of the Quran has been explained in another verse of the Quran:

وَ جٰوَزْنَا بِبَنِيْۤ اِسْرَآءِيْلَ الْبَحْرَ فَاَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَ جُنُوْدُهٗ بَغْيًا وَّ عَدْوًا١ؕ حَتّٰۤى اِذَاۤ اَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ١ۙ قَالَ اٰمَنْتُ اَنَّهٗ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا الَّذِيْۤ اٰمَنَتْ بِهٖ بَنُوْۤا اِسْرَآءِيْلَ وَ اَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, “I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.

(Surah Yunus 90)

Further has been mentioned about People of Pharaoh:

فَوَقٰىهُ اللّٰهُ سَيِّاٰتِ مَا مَكَرُوْا وَ حَاقَ بِاٰلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوْٓءُ الْعَذَابِ

So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment

اَلنَّارُ يُعْرَضُوْنَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَّ عَشِيًّا١ۚ وَ يَوْمَ تَقُوْمُ السَّاعَةُ١۫ اَدْخِلُوْۤا اٰلَ فِرْعَوْنَ اَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ

The Fire, they are exposed to it morning and evening. And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”

 (Surah Ghafir 45-46)

First Punishment on People of Pharaoh:

فَوَقٰىهُ اللّٰهُ سَيِّاٰتِ مَا مَكَرُوْا وَ حَاقَ بِاٰلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوْٓءُ الْعَذَابِ

So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment

(Surah Ghafir 45)

What was the worst of the torment in this world?

وَ جٰوَزْنَا بِبَنِيْۤ اِسْرَآءِيْلَ الْبَحْرَ فَاَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَ جُنُوْدُهٗ بَغْيًا وَّ عَدْوًا١ؕ حَتّٰۤى اِذَاۤ اَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ١ۙ قَالَ اٰمَنْتُ اَنَّهٗ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا الَّذِيْۤ اٰمَنَتْ بِهٖ بَنُوْۤا اِسْرَآءِيْلَ وَ اَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ۰۰۹۰

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said: I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.

(Surah Yunus 90)

Second Punishment:

اَلنَّارُ يُعْرَضُوْنَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَّ عَشِيًّا١ۚ وَ يَوْمَ تَقُوْمُ السَّاعَةُ١۫ اَدْخِلُوْۤا اٰلَ فِرْعَوْنَ اَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ۰۰۴۶

The Fire, they are exposed to it morning and evening ( i.e full time).

 And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.

(Surah Ghafir 46)

Third Punishment:

وَ يَوْمَ تَقُوْمُ السَّاعَةُ١۫ اَدْخِلُوْۤا اٰلَ فِرْعَوْنَ اَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ۰۰۴۶

…And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”

(Surah Ghafir 46)

It is made clear from these verses that both punishments, the punishment of the grave and the punishment after the day of judgement are both in Hell.

Allah commanded to mankind when He sent them down to earth:

قُلْنَا اهْبِطُوْا مِنْهَا جَمِيْعًا١ۚ فَاِمَّا يَاْتِيَنَّكُمْ مِّنِّيْ هُدًى فَمَنْ تَبِعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ لَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُوْنَ  ۝ وَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا وَ كَذَّبُوْا بِاٰيٰتِنَاۤ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ اَصْحٰبُ النَّارِ١ۚ هُمْ فِيْهَا خٰلِدُوْنَؒ

We said : Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.

And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs – those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.

(Surah Al-Baqarah 38-39)

وَعَدَ اللّٰهُ الْمُنٰفِقِيْنَ وَ الْمُنٰفِقٰتِ وَ الْكُفَّارَ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خٰلِدِيْنَ فِيْهَا١ؕ هِيَ حَسْبُهُمْ١ۚ وَ لَعَنَهُمُ اللّٰهُ١ۚ وَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّقِيْمٌۙ

Allah has promised the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the disbelievers the fire of Hell, wherein they will abide eternally. It is sufficient for them. And Allah has cursed them, and for them is an enduring punishment.

(Surah Tawbah 68)

وَعَدَ اللّٰهُ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنٰتِ جَنّٰتٍ تَجْرِيْ مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْاَنْهٰرُ خٰلِدِيْنَ فِيْهَا وَ مَسٰكِنَ طَيِّبَةً فِيْ جَنّٰتِ عَدْنٍ١ؕ وَ رِضْوَانٌ مِّنَ اللّٰهِ اَكْبَرُ١ؕ ذٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيْمُؒ

Allah has promised the believing men and believing women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allah is greater. It is that which is the great attainment.

(Surah Tawbah 72)

And where would this promise be fulfilled?

Allah said:

وَ فِي السَّمَآءِ رِزْقُكُمْ وَ مَا تُوْعَدُوْنَ

And in the heaven is your provision and whatever you are promised.

(Surah Az-Zariyat 22)

Wherever in the Quran reward or torment has been mentioned, Paradise or Hell has also been mentioned. It should be noted that when the Quran mentions the decomposition of the body, nothing has been mentioned of this body being punished.

The reality is that various sects manipulate hadith to attempt to present proof of their misbelief that the dead body is being punished or tormented in the worldly grave. In Sha Allah we will address this as a separate issue below with evidence from the Quran and sahih hadith only.

Following Hadiths clarify this matter even better:

عَنْ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمَرَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ بِأَرْبَعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ رَجُلاً مِنْ صَنَادِيدِ قُرَيْشٍ فَقُذِفُوا فِي طَوِيٍّ مِنْ أَطْوَاءِ بَدْرٍ خَبِيثٍ مُخْبِثٍ، وَكَانَ إِذَا ظَهَرَ عَلَى قَوْمٍ أَقَامَ بِالْعَرْصَةِ ثَلاَثَ لَيَالٍ، فَلَمَّا كَانَ بِبَدْرٍ الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ، أَمَرَ بِرَاحِلَتِهِ فَشُدَّ عَلَيْهَا رَحْلُهَا، ثُمَّ مَشَى وَاتَّبَعَهُ أَصْحَابُهُ وَقَالُوا مَا نُرَى يَنْطَلِقُ إِلاَّ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِهِ، حَتَّى قَامَ عَلَى شَفَةِ الرَّكِيِّ، فَجَعَلَ يُنَادِيهِمْ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ وَأَسْمَاءِ آبَائِهِمْ ‏”‏ يَا فُلاَنُ بْنَ فُلاَنٍ، وَيَا فُلاَنُ بْنَ فُلاَنٍ، أَيَسُرُّكُمْ أَنَّكُمْ أَطَعْتُمُ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّا قَدْ وَجَدْنَا مَا وَعَدَنَا رَبُّنَا حَقًّا، فَهَلْ وَجَدْتُمْ مَا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمْ حَقًّا ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، مَا تُكَلِّمُ مِنْ أَجْسَادٍ لاَ أَرْوَاحَ لَهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ، مَا أَنْتُمْ بِأَسْمَعَ لِمَا أَقُولُ مِنْهُمْ

( بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ قَتْلِ أَبِي جَهْلٍ )

Narrated Abu Talha:On the day of Badr, the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered that the corpses of twenty four leaders of Quraish should be thrown into one of the dirty dry wells of Badr. (It was a habit of the Prophet (ﷺ) that whenever he conquered some people, he used to stay at the battle-field for three nights. So, on the third day of the battle of Badr, he ordered that his she-camel be saddled, then he set out, and his companions followed him saying among themselves.” “Definitely he (i.e. the Prophet) is proceeding for some great purpose.” When he halted at the edge of the well, he addressed the corpses of the Quraish infidels by their names and their fathers’ names, “O so-and-so, son of so-and-so and O so-and-so, son of so-and so! Would it have pleased you if you had obeyed Allah and His Apostle? We have found true what our Lord promised us. Have you too found true what your Lord promised you? “`Umar said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! You are speaking to bodies that have no souls!” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, you do not hear, what I say better than they do.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The killing of Abu Jahl).

When the same matter was presented in front of Mother Ayesha (R.A)

عَنْ هِشَامٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ ذُكِرَ عِنْدَ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ أَنَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ رَفَعَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّ الْمَيِّتَ يُعَذَّبُ فِي قَبْرِهِ بِبُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ إِنَّمَا قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّهُ لَيُعَذَّبُ بِخَطِيئَتِهِ وَذَنْبِهِ، وَإِنَّ أَهْلَهُ لَيَبْكُونَ عَلَيْهِ الآنَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَتْ وَذَاكَ مِثْلُ قَوْلِهِ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَامَ عَلَى الْقَلِيبِ وَفِيهِ قَتْلَى بَدْرٍ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ، فَقَالَ لَهُمْ مَا قَالَ إِنَّهُمْ لَيَسْمَعُونَ مَا أَقُولُ‏.‏ إِنَّمَا قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّهُمُ الآنَ لَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ مَا كُنْتُ أَقُولُ لَهُمْ حَقٌّ ‏”‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَتْ ‏{‏إِنَّكَ لاَ تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَى‏}‏ ‏{‏وَمَا أَنْتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَنْ فِي الْقُبُورِ‏}‏ تَقُولُ حِينَ تَبَوَّءُوا مَقَاعِدَهُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ‏.‏

Narrated Hisham’s father:It was mentioned before `Aisha that Ibn `Umar attributed the following statement to the Prophet (ﷺ) “The dead person is punished in the grave because of the crying and lamentation Of his family.” On that, `Aisha said, “But Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, ‘The dead person is punished for his crimes and sins while his family cry over him then.” She added, “And this is similar to the statement of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) when he stood by the (edge of the) well which contained the corpses of the pagans killed at Badr, ‘They hear what I say.’ She added, “But he said now they know very well what I used to tell them was the truth.” `Aisha then recited: ‘You cannot make the dead hear.’ (30.52) and ‘You cannot make those who are in their Graves, hear you.’ (35.22) that is, when they had taken their places in the (Hell) Fire.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The killing of Abu Jahl).

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said Have you too found true what your Lord promised you? From this we can see when they reached their place in hell, they found Allah’s promise to be true. It is made clear to us that regardless of a body being buried, cremated or any other method of the body being eventually broken down, every soul after death receives the reward or punishment and it is not in this world but in a different realm.

When these Quranic verses and sahih Hadith are presented to those who follow various sects they will claim the punishment to the soul is different to the torment given to the dead body.

When asked, they struggle to explain how many punishments there are, and where they are mentioned in Quran and Sahih Hadiths.

The Quran and Sahih Hadiths clearly state there is ONE punishment which is called “The punishment of the grave” and in the Quran, Allah tells us after death, the corpse has no consciousness or senses and gradually decomposes. So, what kind of a punishment is this then?

In their defence, they present a hadith that Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:

Narrated Abu Sa`id: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Amongst the people preceding your age, there was a man whom Allah had given a lot of money. While he was in his death-bed, he called his sons and said, ‘What type of father have I been to you? They replied, ‘You have been a good father.’ He said, ‘I have never done a single good deed; so when I die, burn me, crush my body, and scatter the resulting ashes on a windy day.’ His sons did accordingly, but Allah gathered his particles and asked (him), ‘What made you do so?’ He replied, “Fear of you.’ So Allah bestowed His Mercy upon him. (forgave him).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophets).

Allah’s Rule (Law) and Allah’s Miracle

We now know the corpse simply decomposes and it will be recreated only on the day of resurrection. To help understand, the above hadith is exception to a general rule of Allah. One is Allah’s law and the other is an exceptional case and if this happens in the presence of the Prophet then we know and accept it as a Miracle and take it as that only.

The law of Allah is that every child is born of a father and a mother. But Isa (عليه السلام) was born without a father which is opposite to the law of Allah and that is an exceptional case (Miracle). Allah’s law is clear regarding the decomposed dead bodies and how they will be recreated only on the day of resurrection. Followers of various sects avoid to present this law but the one exceptional miracle as a matter of evidence for their misbelief. From the hadith directly above we can see how this man who due to the fear of Allah, went to great efforts to scatter his body particles, but by Allah’s miracle it was recreated and this confirms how none can escapes from Allah no matter what the state.

Remember after death, the reward or punishment is with every person whether he is in a worldly grave or not. Claiming that the soul gets reward or punishment and body gets that separately is a baseless. We have presented numerous evidences from the Quran and sahih Hadith in which after death you either enter Paradise or Hell where you get rewarded or punishment. But not even a single verse from the Quran and Sahih Hadith in which Prophet (ﷺ) said that in this worldly grave you get reward or punishment.

Note: On night of Isra Prophet (ﷺ) said that He saw Musa (عليه السلام) in his grave but this cannot be presented as an evidence as it was night of miracle which is opposite to the law of Allah.  Then in the same night, Prophet (ﷺ) did not see Musa (عليه السلام) only in the grave but in Paradise and at Bait ul Muqadas, where Prophet (ﷺ) led all Prophets. Then how can we assume that Musa (عليه السلام) is alive in grave?

The place of Reward and Punishment after death.

From the various religious perspectives, the belief of the punishment of the grave has been given to the majority, is that there are two types of punishments, one is with the soul and the other is with the body.

As discussed in the previous series, in the light of Quran and sahih Hadith we learnt that after death the body which is made of clay has neither ability to hear nor to see and has no consciousness or sense.

Gradually the body decomposes and eventually will return to the soil. This is also proven with general observation. As we know that the dead body has no consciousness and sense therefore this cannot be accepted as belief, that this dead body gets reward or punishment.

In Sha Allah we will give more evidences according to the Quran and sahih Hadith to make it more clear that the dead body we bury in this worldly grave for them (dead bodies) Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has said the place of reward or punishment is in Paradise or Hell, this reward or punishment of the grave is not for these bodies who has no consciousness and sense, but is for the souls

The Mushrikeen (one who associates with Allah) of Arabs used to bury their dead bodies, but Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said about them:

عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ;رَأَيْتُ جَهَنَّمَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا، وَرَأَيْتُ عَمْرًا يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ، وَهْوَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَيَّبَ السَّوَائِبَ ‏.‏

( عن عائشہ  ، بخاری: کتاب العمل فی الصلاۃ ، بَابُ إِذَا انْفَلَتَتْ الدَّابَّةُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ)

Narrated `Aisha:Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “I saw Hell and its different portions were consuming each other and saw `Amr dragging his intestines (in it), and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose (for the idols).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet ())

And for another person ‘Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik’ from same era Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:

وَرَأَيْتُ أَبَا ثُمَامَةَ عَمْرَو بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّارِ ‏

And I saw Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik who was dragging his intestines in Hell.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: What Was Shown To The Prophet of Paradise And Hell During The Eclipse Prayer)

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ :عُذِّبَتِ امْرَأَةٌ فِي هِرَّةٍ حَبَسَتْهَا، حَتَّى مَاتَتْ جُوعًا، فَدَخَلَتْ فِيهَا النَّارَ ـ قَالَ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ ـ لاَ أَنْتِ أَطْعَمْتِهَا وَلاَ سَقَيْتِهَا حِينَ حَبَسْتِيهَا، وَلاَ أَنْتِ أَرْسَلْتِيهَا فَأَكَلَتْ مِنْ خَشَاشِ الأَرْضِ

( عن عبد اللہ بن عمر ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب المساقاۃ ، بَابُ فَضْلِ سَقْيِ المَاءِ)

Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “A woman was tortured and was put in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it died of hunger.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), ‘You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Distribution of Water, Chapter: The superiority of providing water)

The Graves of the Martyrs and their Reward

At the time of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), those who had become martyrs and were buried in this worldly grave, it was said by The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) they are getting reward in Paradise.

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said to the mother of Hartha bin Suraqa who got martyred on battle of Badr:

حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ أُمَّ الرُّبَيِّعِ بِنْتَ الْبَرَاءِ، وَهْىَ أُمُّ حَارِثَةَ بْنِ سُرَاقَةَ أَتَتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ، أَلاَ تُحَدِّثُنِي عَنْ حَارِثَةَ وَكَانَ قُتِلَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ أَصَابَهُ سَهْمٌ غَرْبٌ، فَإِنْ كَانَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ، صَبَرْتُ، وَإِنْ كَانَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ اجْتَهَدْتُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْبُكَاءِ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ :‏ يَا أُمَّ حَارِثَةَ، إِنَّهَا جِنَانٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ، وَإِنَّ ابْنَكِ أَصَابَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ الأَعْلَى ‏

( عن انس بن مالک  ، بخاری : کتاب الکتاب و السیر ، بَابُ مَنْ أَتَاهُ سَهْمٌ غَرْبٌ فَقَتَلَهُ)

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Um Ar-Rubai’bint Al-Bara’, the mother of Hartha bin Suraqa came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “O Allah’s Prophet! Will you tell me about Hartha?” Hartha has been killed (i.e. martyred) on the day of Badr with an arrow thrown by an unidentified person. She added, “If he is in Paradise, I will be patient; otherwise, I will weep bitterly for him.” He said, “O mother of Hartha! There are Gardens in Paradise and your son got the Firdausal-ala (i.e. the best place in Paradise).

(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), Chapter: Whoever is killed by an arrow)

Martyrs of Battle of Uhud:

عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ، قَالَ سَأَلْنَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ عَنْ هَذِهِ الآيَةِ، ‏{‏ وَلاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَمْوَاتًا بَلْ أَحْيَاءٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ يُرْزَقُونَ‏}‏ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّا قَدْ سَأَلْنَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَرْوَاحُهُمْ فِي جَوْفِ طَيْرٍ خُضْرٍ لَهَا قَنَادِيلُ مُعَلَّقَةٌ بِالْعَرْشِ تَسْرَحُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ حَيْثُ شَاءَتْ ثُمَّ تَأْوِي إِلَى تِلْكَ الْقَنَادِيلِ فَاطَّلَعَ إِلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُمُ اطِّلاَعَةً فَقَالَ هَلْ تَشْتَهُونَ شَيْئًا قَالُوا أَىَّ شَىْءٍ نَشْتَهِي وَنَحْنُ نَسْرَحُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ حَيْثُ شِئْنَا فَفَعَلَ ذَلِكَ بِهِمْ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَلَمَّا رَأَوْا أَنَّهُمْ لَنْ يُتْرَكُوا مِنْ أَنْ يُسْأَلُوا قَالُوا يَا رَبِّ نُرِيدُ أَنْ تَرُدَّ أَرْوَاحَنَا فِي أَجْسَادِنَا حَتَّى نُقْتَلَ فِي سَبِيلِكَ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ حَاجَةٌ تُرِكُوا ‏

( مسلم ، کتاب الامارۃ ، باب بيان أن أرواح الشهداء في الجنة، وأنهم أحياء عند ربهم يرزقون)

It has been narrated on the authority of Masruq Who said:

We asked ‘Abdullah about the Qur’anic verse:” Think not of those who are slain in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they are alive, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord..” (3:169). He said: We asked the meaning of the verse (from the Holy Prophet) who said: The souls, of the martyrs live in the bodies of green birds who have their nests in chandeliers hung from the throne of the Almighty. They eat the fruits of Paradise from wherever they like and then nestle in these chandeliers. Once their Lord cast a glance at them and said: Do ye want anything? They said: What more shall we desire? We eat the fruit of Paradise from wherever we like. Their Lord asked them the same question thrice. When they saw that they will continue to be asked and not left (without answering the question). they said: O Lord, we wish that Thou mayest return our souls to our bodies so that we may be slain in Thy way once again. When He (Allah) saw that they had no need, they were left (to their joy in heaven).

(Sahih Muslim, The Book on Government, Chapter: The souls of the martyrs are in Paradise, and they are alive with their Lord and they have provision)

جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ لَقِيَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ لِي; يَا جَابِرُ مَا لِي أَرَاكَ مُنْكَسِرًا ‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اسْتُشْهِدَ أَبِي قُتِلَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ وَتَرَكَ عِيَالاً وَدَيْنًا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏; أَفَلاَ أُبَشِّرُكَ بِمَا لَقِيَ اللَّهُ بِهِ أَبَاكَ ‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ مَا كَلَّمَ اللَّهُ أَحَدًا قَطُّ إِلاَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ وَأَحْيَا أَبَاكَ فَكَلَّمَهُ كِفَاحًا فَقَالَ يَا عَبْدِي تَمَنَّ عَلَىَّ أُعْطِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ تُحْيِينِي فَأُقْتَلَ فِيكَ ثَانِيةً ‏.‏ قَالَ الرَّبُّ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّهُ قَدْ سَبَقَ مِنِّي أَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهَا لاَ يُرْجَعُونَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَأُنْزِلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ ‏:‏ ‏(‏وَلَاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَمْوَاتًا ‏)‏ الآيَةَ ‏.

( عن جابر ؓ، ترمذی، ابواب تفسیر القرآن ، باب : ومن سورۃ آل عمران ، روایت حسن )

Narrated Musa bin Ibrahim bin Kathir Al-Ansari:

“I heard Talhah bin Khirash say: ‘I heard Jabir bin ‘Abdullah saying: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) met me and said to me: ‘O Jabir! Why do I see you upset?’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! My father was martyred (on the Day of Uhud) leaving my family and debt behind.'” “He (ﷺ) said: ‘Shall I give you news of what your father met Allah with?'” He said: “But of course O Messenger of Allah!” He said: ‘Allah does not speak to anyone except from behind a veil, but He brought your father to speak to Him directly. He said: “[O My slave!] Do you wish that I give you anything?” He said: ‘O Lord! Give me life so that I may fight for You a second time.’ So the Lord [Blessed and Most High] said: ‘It has been decreed by Me that they shall not return (21:95).’ He said: “So this Ayah was revealed: Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah (3:169).”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Chapters on Tafsir)

 (There is a hadith regarding Abdullah bin Umar bin Haram where his dead body was still safe undamaged after six months but there was no life in it, even there is a hadith which confirms that martyrs of the battle of Uhud are in Paradise having a conversation with Allah and requesting to return to the world)

Ibn Umar used to greet Jaffar bin abi Talib’s son after martyrdom of Jafar ibn Talib with these words:

عَنْ عَامِرٍ، قَالَ كَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ إِذَا حَيَّا ابْنَ جَعْفَرٍ قَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ ذِي الْجَنَاحَيْنِ‏

( عن عامر، بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ غَزْوَةِ مُؤْتَةَ مِنْ أَرْضِ الشَّأْمِ )

Narrated ‘Amir:

Whenever Ibn `Umar greeted the son of Ja`far, he used to say (to him), “Assalam ‘Alaika (i.e. peace be on you) O the son of two-winged person.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The expedition of Mu`tah to the land of Syria)

That was because before martyrdom the disbelievers cut his both hands. Hadith in Tarmidhi Prophet (ﷺ) has said: 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ رَأَيْتُ جَعْفَرًا يَطِيرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَعَ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ ‏

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “I saw Ja’far flying in Paradise with the angels.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Chapters on Virtues – كتاب المناقب عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم )

Prophet (ﷺ) must have buried his son Ibrahim in this worldly grave, but there is no reward for him in this grave but there is reward for him in Paradise.

عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَحَدًا كَانَ أَرْحَمَ بِالْعِيَالِ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم – قَالَ – كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ مُسْتَرْضِعًا لَهُ فِي عَوَالِي الْمَدِينَةِ فَكَانَ يَنْطَلِقُ وَنَحْنُ مَعَهُ فَيَدْخُلُ الْبَيْتَ وَإِنَّهُ لَيُدَّخَنُ وَكَانَ ظِئْرُهُ قَيْنًا فَيَأْخُذُهُ فَيُقَبِّلُهُ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَمْرٌو فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ; إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ابْنِي وَإِنَّهُ مَاتَ فِي الثَّدْىِ وَإِنَّ لَهُ لَظِئْرَيْنِ تُكَمِّلاَنِ رَضَاعَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏

( عن انس بن مالک ، مسلم ،کتاب الفضائل ، باب رحمته صلى الله عليه وسلم الصبيان والعيال وتواضعه وفضل ذلك )

Anas b. Malik reported:

I have never seen anyone more kind to one’s family than Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), and Ibrahim was sent to the suburb of Medina for suckling. He used to go there and we accompanied him. He entered the house, and it was filled with smoke as his foster-father was a brick smith. He took him (his son Ibrahim) and kissed him and then came back. ‘Amr said that when Ibrahim died. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Ibrahim is my son and he dies as a suckling baby. He has now two foster-mothers who would complete his suckling period in Paradise.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Virtues, Chapter: His Compassion Towards Children And His Humbleness, And The Virtue of That)

Companions of Prophet (ﷺ) was buried in this worldly grave but read this hadith:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ نِمْتُ، فَرَأَيْتُنِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ، فَسَمِعْتُ صَوْتَ قَارِئٍ يَقْرَأُ، فَقُلْتُ: مَنْ هَذَا؟ فَقَالُوا: هَذَا حَارِثَةُ بْنُ النُّعْمَانِ. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: كَذَلِكَ الْبِرُّ، كَذَلِكَ الْبِرُّ . وَكَانَ أَبَرَّ النَّاسِ بِأُمِّهِ

It is narrated on the authority of Aisha that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: I entered Paradise and heard the recitation of the Holy Qur’aan. I asked: Who is this? I was told that it was Haritha bin Nu’man. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Your good people are like that and they were kind to their mother.

(Masnad e Ahmad: Masnad e Nisa, Masnad e Sadiqia Ayesha bint e Sidiq RaziAllah Anha

As you can see from all these ahadith it is evident that the dead who were buried in this worldly grave, the Prophet (ﷺ) said the place of Punishment and Reward is Paradise or Hell, did not say anything about their dead bodies in this worldly grave.

Now we present this long hadith in front of you, in which the Prophet (ﷺ) was shown in a dream that people who died in this world but were getting their reward or punishment in the realm of barzakh.

عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا صَلَّى صَلاَةً أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا بِوَجْهِهِ فَقَالَ ‏‏ مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ رُؤْيَا .‏ قَالَ فَإِنْ رَأَى أَحَدٌ قَصَّهَا، فَيَقُولُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ، فَسَأَلَنَا يَوْمًا، فَقَالَ ‏;‏ هَلْ رَأَى أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ رُؤْيَا ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْنَا لاَ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏;‏ لَكِنِّي رَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلَةَ رَجُلَيْنِ أَتَيَانِي فَأَخَذَا بِيَدِي، فَأَخْرَجَانِي إِلَى الأَرْضِ الْمُقَدَّسَةِ، فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ جَالِسٌ، وَرَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ بِيَدِهِ كَلُّوبٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ ـ قَالَ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُوسَى إِنَّهُ ـ يُدْخِلُ ذَلِكَ الْكَلُّوبَ فِي شِدْقِهِ، حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ قَفَاهُ، ثُمَّ يَفْعَلُ بِشِدْقِهِ الآخَرِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، وَيَلْتَئِمُ شِدْقُهُ هَذَا، فَيَعُودُ فَيَصْنَعُ مِثْلَهُ‏.‏ قُلْتُ مَا هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.

Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) finished the (morning) prayer, he would face us and ask, “Who amongst you had a dream last night?” So if anyone had seen a dream he would narrate it. The Prophet (ﷺ) would say: “Ma sha’a-llah” (An Arabic maxim meaning literally, ‘What Allah wished,’ and it indicates a good omen.) One day, he asked us whether anyone of us had seen a dream. We replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “But I had seen (a dream) last night that two men came to me, caught hold of my hands, and took me to the Sacred Land (Jerusalem). There, I saw a person sitting and another standing with an iron hook in his hand pushing it inside the mouth of the former till it reached the jawbone, and then tore off one side of his cheek, and then did the same with the other side; in the meantime, the first side of his cheek became normal again and then he repeated the same operation again. I said, ‘What is this?’ They told me to proceed.

‏ فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا عَلَى رَجُلٍ مُضْطَجِعٍ عَلَى قَفَاهُ، وَرَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ بِفِهْرٍ أَوْ صَخْرَةٍ، فَيَشْدَخُ بِهِ رَأْسَهُ، فَإِذَا ضَرَبَهُ تَدَهْدَهَ الْحَجَرُ، فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَيْهِ لِيَأْخُذَهُ، فَلاَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى هَذَا حَتَّى يَلْتَئِمَ رَأْسُهُ، وَعَادَ رَأْسُهُ كَمَا هُوَ، فَعَادَ إِلَيْهِ فَضَرَبَهُ، قُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏ فَانْطَلَقْنَا إِلَى ثَقْبٍ مِثْلِ التَّنُّورِ، أَعْلاَهُ ضَيِّقٌ وَأَسْفَلُهُ وَاسِعٌ، يَتَوَقَّدُ تَحْتَهُ نَارًا، فَإِذَا اقْتَرَبَ ارْتَفَعُوا حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا، فَإِذَا خَمَدَتْ رَجَعُوا فِيهَا، وَفِيهَا رِجَالٌ وَنِسَاءٌ عُرَاةٌ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏ فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا عَلَى نَهَرٍ مِنْ دَمٍ، فِيهِ رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ عَلَى وَسَطِ النَّهَرِ رَجُلٌ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ حِجَارَةٌ، فَأَقْبَلَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي فِي النَّهَرِ، فَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ رَمَى الرَّجُلُ بِحَجَرٍ فِي فِيهِ، فَرَدَّهُ حَيْثُ كَانَ، فَجَعَلَ كُلَّمَا جَاءَ لِيَخْرُجَ رَمَى فِي فِيهِ بِحَجَرٍ، فَيَرْجِعُ كَمَا كَانَ‏.‏

They told me to proceed on and we went on till we came to a man Lying flat on his back, and another man standing at his head carrying a stone or a piece of rock, and crushing the head of the Lying man, with that stone. Whenever he struck him, the stone rolled away. The man went to pick it up and by the time he returned to him, the crushed head had returned to its normal state and the man came back and struck him again (and so on). I said, ‘Who is this?’ They told me to proceed on; so we proceeded on and passed by a hole like an oven; with a narrow top and wide bottom, and the fire was kindling underneath that hole. Whenever the fire-flame went up, the people were lifted up to such an extent that they about to get out of it, and whenever the fire got quieter, the people went down into it, and there were naked men and women in it. I said, ‘Who is this?’ They told me to proceed on. So we proceeded on till we reached a river of blood and a man was in it, and another man was standing at its bank with stones in front of him, facing the man standing in the river. Whenever the man in the river wanted to come out, the other one threw a stone in his mouth and caused him to retreat to his original position; and so whenever he wanted to come out the other would throw a stone in his mouth, and he would retreat to his original position. ‘

فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏ فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى انْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى رَوْضَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ، فِيهَا شَجَرَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ، وَفِي أَصْلِهَا شَيْخٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ، وَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ الشَّجَرَةِ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ نَارٌ يُوقِدُهَا، فَصَعِدَا بِي فِي الشَّجَرَةِ، وَأَدْخَلاَنِي دَارًا لَمْ أَرَ قَطُّ أَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا، فِيهَا رِجَالٌ شُيُوخٌ وَشَبَابٌ، وَنِسَاءٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ، ثُمَّ أَخْرَجَانِي مِنْهَا فَصَعِدَا بِي الشَّجَرَةَ فَأَدْخَلاَنِي دَارًا هِيَ أَحْسَنُ وَأَفْضَلُ، فِيهَا شُيُوخٌ وَشَبَابٌ‏.‏ قُلْتُ طَوَّفْتُمَانِي اللَّيْلَةَ، فَأَخْبِرَانِي عَمَّا رَأَيْتُ‏.‏

I asked, ‘What is this? They told me to proceed on and we did so till we reached a well-flourished green garden having a huge tree and near its root was sitting an old man with some children. (I saw) Another man near the tree with fire in front of him and he was kindling it up. Then they (i.e. my two companions) made me climb up the tree and made me enter a house, better than which I have ever seen. In it were some old men and young men, women and children. Then they took me out of this house and made me climb up the tree and made me enter another house that was better and superior (to the first) containing old and young people. I said to them (i.e. my two companions), ‘You have made me ramble all the night. Tell me all about that I have seen.’

قَالاَ نَعَمْ، أَمَّا الَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشَقُّ شِدْقُهُ فَكَذَّابٌ يُحَدِّثُ بِالْكَذْبَةِ، فَتُحْمَلُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الآفَاقَ، فَيُصْنَعُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ‏.‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشْدَخُ رَأْسُهُ فَرَجُلٌ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ، فَنَامَ عَنْهُ بِاللَّيْلِ، وَلَمْ يَعْمَلْ فِيهِ بِالنَّهَارِ، يُفْعَلُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ‏.‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي الثَّقْبِ فَهُمُ الزُّنَاةُ‏.‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي النَّهَرِ آكِلُو الرِّبَا‏.‏ وَالشَّيْخُ فِي أَصْلِ الشَّجَرَةِ إِبْرَاهِيمُ ـ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ـ وَالصِّبْيَانُ حَوْلَهُ فَأَوْلاَدُ النَّاسِ، وَالَّذِي يُوقِدُ النَّارَ مَالِكٌ خَازِنُ النَّارِ‏.‏ وَالدَّارُ الأُولَى الَّتِي دَخَلْتَ دَارُ عَامَّةِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الدَّارُ فَدَارُ الشُّهَدَاءِ

They said, ‘Yes.As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.

The one whose head you saw being crushed is the one whom Allah had given the knowledge of Qur’an but he used to sleep at night and did not use to act upon it (i.e. upon its orders etc.) by day; and so this punishment will go on till the Day of Resurrection.

And those you saw in the hole (like oven) were adulterers (those men and women who commit illegal sexual intercourse).

And those you saw in the river of blood were those dealing in Riba (usury).

And the old man who was sitting at the base of the tree was Abraham and the little children around him were the offspring of the people.

And the one who was kindling the fire was Malik, the gatekeeper of the Hell-fire.

And the first house in which you have gone was the house of the common believers, and the second house was of the martyrs.

 وَأَنَا جِبْرِيلُ، وَهَذَا مِيكَائِيلُ، فَارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ، فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا فَوْقِي مِثْلُ السَّحَابِ‏.‏ قَالاَ ذَاكَ مَنْزِلُكَ‏.‏ قُلْتُ دَعَانِي أَدْخُلْ مَنْزِلِي‏.‏ قَالاَ إِنَّهُ بَقِيَ لَكَ عُمْرٌ لَمْ تَسْتَكْمِلْهُ، فَلَوِ اسْتَكْمَلْتَ أَتَيْتَ مَنْزِلَكَ ‏

( عن سمرۃ بن جندب ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابُ مَا قِيلَ فِي أَوْلاَدِ المُشْرِكِينَ )

I am Gabriel and this is Michael. Raise your head.’ I raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me.

They said, ‘That is your place.’

I said, ‘Let me enter my place.’

They said, ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you complete (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place.‘ “

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The (dead) children of Al-Mushrikun)

Angels said to Prophet (ﷺ),  ‘You still have some portion of life which you have not yet completed, meaning when you complete that remaining portion of your life you will then enter your place.

Allah O Akbar It’s been said in simple words that after completing his age in this world, the human does not stay in this world but goes to its place in skies.

Prophet (ﷺ) has said the same:

مَا أَحَدٌ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا وَلَهُ مَا عَلَى الأَرْضِ مِنْ شَىْءٍ، إِلاَّ الشَّهِيدُ، يَتَمَنَّى أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا فَيُقْتَلَ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ، لِمَا يَرَى مِنَ الْكَرَامَةِ ‏

( عن انس بن مالک ، بخاری، کتاب الجھاد و السیر ،بَابُ تَمَنِّي المُجَاهِدِ أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا)

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “No body who enters Paradise likes to go back to the world even if he got everything on the earth, except a Mujahid who wishes to return to the world so that he may be martyred ten times because of the dignity he receives (from Allah).”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), Chapter: The wish of the Mujahid to return to the world)

Firstly, let’s establish the place in this hadith.

In this hadith the martyrs were shown to Muhammad (ﷺ), from various hadiths it’s been proven that martyrs are in Paradise. In this hadith Angels said while showing the houses of Martyrs:

وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الدَّارُ فَدَارُ الشُّهَدَاءِ، وَأَنَا جِبْرِيلُ، وَهَذَا مِيكَائِيلُ، فَارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ، فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا فَوْقِي مِثْلُ السَّحَابِ‏.‏ قَالاَ ذَاكَ مَنْزِلُكَ‏.‏ قُلْتُ دَعَانِي أَدْخُلْ مَنْزِلِي‏.‏ قَالاَ إِنَّهُ بَقِيَ لَكَ عُمْرٌ لَمْ تَسْتَكْمِلْهُ، فَلَوِ اسْتَكْمَلْتَ أَتَيْتَ مَنْزِلَكَ

and the second house was of the martyrs. I am Gabriel and this is Michael. Raise your head.’ I raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me. They said, ‘That is your place.’ I said, ‘Let me enter my place.’ They said, ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you complete (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The (dead) children of Al-Mushrikun)

In another Hadith of Sahih Bukhari Aisha رضی اللہ عنھا said that Prophet ﷺSaid:

إِنَّهُ لَمْ يُقْبَضْ نَبِيٌّ قَطُّ حَتَّى يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب  المغازی ، بَابُ مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ )

Never does a prophet die unless he is shown his place in Paradise (before his death).

In this hadith, the Prophet (ﷺ) was shown by the Angels his place in paradise. When the Prophet (ﷺ) wanted to enter the Angels said, ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you complete (that remaining portion of your worldly life) you will then enter your place.’

In the Sahih Bukhari hadith which has been mentioned in detail earlier, when Prophet (ﷺ) died Fatima said:

يَا أَبَتَاهْ، أَجَابَ رَبًّا دَعَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ مَنْ جَنَّةُ الْفِرْدَوْسِ مَأْوَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ إِلَى جِبْرِيلَ نَنْعَاهْ‏.‏

O Father! Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him! O Father, whose dwelling place is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)! O Father! We convey this news (of your death) to Gabriel۔

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet (saws) and his death))

Therefore, it was not the earthly (Worldly) grave, but the place is in Paradise.

When the Prophet (ﷺ) asked the Angels about the torment shown:

رَأَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالاَ نَعَمْ، أَمَّا الَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشَقُّ شِدْقُهُ فَكَذَّابٌ يُحَدِّثُ بِالْكَذْبَةِ، فَتُحْمَلُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الآفَاقَ، فَيُصْنَعُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ‏.‏

As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.

Now think where is that place after death in this world where people get entered and they will get punishment until day of resurrection.

‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشْدَخُ رَأْسُهُ فَرَجُلٌ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ، فَنَامَ عَنْهُ بِاللَّيْلِ، وَلَمْ يَعْمَلْ فِيهِ بِالنَّهَارِ، يُفْعَلُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ‏.‏

The one whose head you saw being crushed is the one whom Allah had given the knowledge of Qur’an but he used to sleep at night and did not use to act upon it (i.e. upon its orders etc.) by day; and so this punishment will go on till the Day of Resurrection.

وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي الثَّقْبِ فَهُمُ الزُّنَاةُ‏

And those you saw in the hole (like oven) were adulterers (those men and women who commit illegal sexual intercourse).

وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي النَّهَرِ آكِلُو الرِّبَا‏

And those you saw in the river of blood were those dealing in Riba (usury).

Adulterers get buried in separate graves in this world and some are cremated, although the place where all the adulterers are being punished together is no longer separate. The same is as those who deal with Riba (usury, interest) being punished at the river of blood. It’s evident that after death the place of reward or punishment is not this worldly grave. It is also proven from this hadith that the soul gets a body (Barzakhi) in the realm of Barzakh and the combination of the soul and temporary body go through this reward or punishment.

Torment of the grave (Azab-e-Qabr) shown to the Prophet (ﷺ) in Salat ul Kasoof

One of the Muftis (Salfi) of Ahl-e-Hadith writes in his book

The summary of these different Hadiths is that Ayesha was told for the first time about Azab-e-Qabr by a Jew woman but she didn’t affirm it.  The Prophet (ﷺ) also declared Jews as lairs. Later, revelation was sent upon the Prophet (ﷺ) and he was told about the torment of the grave. The solar eclipse also occurred the same day and his son Ibrahim (R.A) also passed away. Therefore, on the same day the Prophet (ﷺ) performed the Salat-ul-Kasoof (prayer offered during solar eclipse) and the Prophet (ﷺ) gave a sermon. During the sermon the companions were given the details of the torment of the grave.(Mufti Jabir Damanwi, Aqedah Azab e Qabar, pg.36)

So we are presenting the same Hadith now so that may get to know the reality of the torment of the grave.

Hadith on Salat ul Kasoof

فَقُمْتُ حَتَّى تَجَلَّانِي الْغَشْيُ وَجَعَلْتُ أَصُبُّ فَوْقَ رَأْسِي مَاءً ، فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ :    مَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ كُنْتُ لَمْ أَرَهُ إِلَّا قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ فِي مَقَامِي هَذَا حَتَّى الْجَنَّةَ وَالنَّارَ ، وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّكُمْ تُفْتَنُونَ فِي الْقُبُورِ مِثْلَ أَوْ قَرِيبًا مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّالِ لَا أَدْرِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ ، قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ : يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ ، فَيُقَالُ لَهُ مَا عِلْمُكَ بِهَذَا الرَّجُلِ ؟ فَأَمَّا الْمُؤْمِنُ أَوِ الْمُوقِنُ لَا أَدْرِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ ، قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ : فَيَقُولُ هُوَ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ جَاءَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَى فَأَجَبْنَا وَآمَنَّا وَاتَّبَعْنَا ، فَيُقَالُ لَهُ صَالِحًا : فَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ لَمُؤْمِنًا ، وَأَمَّا الْمُنَافِقُ أَوِ الْمُرْتَابُ لَا أَدْرِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ ، قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ : فَيَقُولُ لَا أَدْرِي سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ شَيْئًا فَقُلْتُهُ

(بخاری:کتاب الوضوء۔باب من لم یتوضا الا من الغشی المثقل)

(Narrated Asma’ bint Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with her) about performing of Salat ul Kasoof that) .. I, too, stood for the prayer till I fell unconscious and later on I poured water on my head. After the prayer, Allah’s Apostle praised and glorified Allah and said

ثُمَّ قَالَ :    مَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ كُنْتُ لَمْ أَرَهُ إِلَّا قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ فِي مَقَامِي هَذَا حَتَّى الْجَنَّةَ وَالنَّارَ

Just now I have seen something which I never saw before at this place of mine, including Paradise and Hell

وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّكُمْ تُفْتَنُونَ فِي الْقُبُورِ۔۔۔۔

No doubt it has been inspired to me that you will be put to trials in your graves and these trials will be like the trials of Masih-ad-Dajjal or nearly like it

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ ، فَيُقَالُ۔۔۔۔

Every one of you will be brought and asked,

“What do you know about this man?” A believer will reply, “He is Muhammad (ﷺ), Allah’s Apostle, and he came to us with self-evident truth and guidance. So we accepted his teaching, believed and followed him”. Then the angels will say to him to sleep in peace as they have come to know that he was a believer. On the other hand, a hypocrite or a doubtful person will reply, “I do not know but heard the people saying something and, so I said the same”.’

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Ablutions (Wudu’), Chapter: Whoever does not repeat ablution except after falling into deep sleep – losing consciousness completely)

Now ponder upon the words of the Hadith that at which location it has mentioned about:

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ ، فَيُقَالُ

Every one of you will be brought and asked

The explanation which we get from the Quran and Sahih Hadith about this is that the Angels take the soul of every deceased to Allah Almighty.

وَ هُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهٖ وَ يُرْسِلُ عَلَيْكُمْ حَفَظَةً١ؕ حَتّٰۤى اِذَا جَآءَ اَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ تَوَفَّتْهُ رُسُلُنَا وَ هُمْ لَا يُفَرِّطُوْنَ۝ثُمَّ رُدُّوْۤا اِلَى اللّٰهِ مَوْلٰىهُمُ الْحَقِّ١ؕ اَلَا لَهُ الْحُكْمُ١۫ وَ هُوَ اَسْرَعُ الْحٰسِبِيْنَ۰۰۶۲

And He is the subjugator over His servants, and He sends over you guardian-angels until, when death comes to one of you, Our messengers take him, and they do not fail [in their duties]. Then they [i.e., His servants] are returned to Allah, their true Lord. Unquestionably, His is the judgement, and He is the swiftest of accountants.

(Surah Al-An’am :61-62)

ؕ وَ لَوْ تَرٰۤى اِذِ الظّٰلِمُوْنَ فِيْ غَمَرٰتِ الْمَوْتِ وَ الْمَلٰٓىِٕكَةُ بَاسِطُوْۤا اَيْدِيْهِمْ١ۚ اَخْرِجُوْۤا اَنْفُسَكُمْ١ؕ اَلْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ عَذَابَ الْهُوْنِ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَقُوْلُوْنَ عَلَى اللّٰهِ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ وَ كُنْتُمْ عَنْ اٰيٰتِهٖ تَسْتَكْبِرُوْنَ۠۝وَ لَقَدْ جِئْتُمُوْنَا فُرَادٰى كَمَا خَلَقْنٰكُمْ اَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَّ تَرَكْتُمْ مَّا خَوَّلْنٰكُمْ وَرَآءَ ظُهُوْرِكُمْ١ۚ وَ مَا نَرٰى مَعَكُمْ شُفَعَآءَكُمُ الَّذِيْنَ زَعَمْتُمْ اَنَّهُمْ فِيْكُمْ شُرَكٰٓؤُا١ؕ لَقَدْ تَّقَطَّعَ بَيْنَكُمْ وَ ضَلَّ عَنْكُمْ مَّا كُنْتُمْ تَزْعُمُوْنَؒ۰۰۹۴

And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be recompensed with the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.”

[It will be said to them], “And you have certainly come to Us alone [i.e individually] as We created you the first time, and you have left whatever We bestowed upon you behind you. And We do not see with you your ‘intercessors’ which you claimed that they were among you associates [of Allah]. It has [all] been severed between you,and lost from you is what you used to claim.”

(Surah Al-An’am:93-94)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ ‏; إِذَا خَرَجَتْ رُوحُ الْمُؤْمِنِ تَلَقَّاهَا مَلَكَانِ يُصْعِدَانِهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ حَمَّادٌ فَذَكَرَ مِنْ طِيبِ رِيحِهَا وَذَكَرَ الْمِسْكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ;وَيَقُولُ أَهْلُ السَّمَاءِ رُوحٌ طَيِّبَةٌ جَاءَتْ مِنْ قِبَلِ الأَرْضِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكِ وَعَلَى جَسَدٍ كُنْتِ تَعْمُرِينَهُ ‏.‏ فَيُنْطَلَقُ بِهِ إِلَى رَبِّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ انْطَلِقُوا بِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الأَجَلِ ‏‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ;‏ وَإِنَّ الْكَافِرَ إِذَا خَرَجَتْ رُوحُهُ – قَالَ حَمَّادٌ وَذَكَرَ مِنْ نَتْنِهَا وَذَكَرَ لَعْنًا – وَيَقُولُ أَهْلُ السَّمَاءِ رُوحٌ خَبِيثَةٌ جَاءَتْ مِنْ قِبَلِ الأَرْضِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَيُقَالُ انْطَلِقُوا بِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الأَجَلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَرَدَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَيْطَةً كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ هَكَذَا ‏.‏

(مسلم:کتاب الجنۃ و صفۃ نعیمھا، باب عرض المقعد علی المیت و عذاب القبر)

Abu Huraira reported:

When the soul of a believer would go out (of his body) it would be received by two angels who would take it to the sky. Hammad (one of the narrators in the chain of transmitters) mentioned the sweatiness of its odor (fragrance of musk from his sweat), (and further said) that the dwellers of the sky say: Here comes the pious soul from the side of the earth Let there be blessings of Allah upon the body in which it resides. And it is carried (by the angels) to its Lord, the Exalted and Glorious. He would say: Take it to its destined end. And if he is a nonbeliever and as it (the soul) leaves the body-Hammad made a mention of its foul smell and of its being cursed-the dwellers of the sky say: There comes a dirty soul from the side of the earth, and it would be said: Take it to its destined end. Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) put a thin cloth which was with him upon his nose while making a mention (of the foul smell) of the soul of a non-believer.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, its Bounties and its Inhabitants, Chapter: The Deceased Is Shown His Place In Paradise Or The Fire; And Confirmation Of The Torment In The Grave – We Seek Refuge With Allah From That)

So, it is the location where souls of all mankind are brought after death. The hadith which is narrated by Asma on Salat ul Kasoof (about which Ahl-e-Hadith has disclosed that in this Hadith Prophet (ﷺ) explained for the first time about the details of Azab-e-Qabr), its text also proves the same thing.

There were different modes of Revelation on the Prophet (ﷺ). Sometimes, the message was brought by an Angel, sometimes it was revealed into the heart, sometimes through the dream, and sometimes he had foretold visions that were bound to occur. Hence the revelation of this Hadith was done in the latter mode events taking place during the torment of the grave were shown to the Prophet (ﷺ) and his words (رَأَيْتُهُ I saw) is proof for that.

فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُكُمْ تُفْتَنُونَ فِي الْقُبُورِ كَفِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّال ۔۔۔۔۔فَكُنْتُ أَسْمَعُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يَتَعَوَّذُ مِنْ عَذَابِ النَّارِ وَعَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ

(مسلم:کتاب الکسوف، باب ذکرعذاب القبر فی صلاۃ الخسوف)

…(After performing Salat ul Kasoof) He (the Prophet (ﷺ)) then said: I saw you under trial in the grave like the turmoil of Dajjal. ‘Amra said: I heard ‘A’isha say: I listened after this to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) seeking refuge from the torment of Fire and the torment of the grave.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: Mentioning The Punishment In The Grave During The Eclipse Prayer)

What Prophet (ﷺ) saw:

إِنَّهُ عُرِضَ عَلَيَّ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ تُولَجُونَهُ فَعُرِضَتْ عَلَيَّ الْجَنَّةُ حَتَّى لَوْ تَنَاوَلْتُ مِنْهَا قِطْفًا أَخَذْتُهُ أَوْ قَالَ تَنَاوَلْتُ مِنْهَا قِطْفًا فَقَصُرَتْ يَدِي عَنْهُ وَعُرِضَتْ عَلَيَّ النَّارُ فَرَأَيْتُ فِيهَا امْرَأَةً مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تُعَذَّبُ فِي هِرَّةٍ لَهَا رَبَطَتْهَا فَلَمْ تُطْعِمْهَا وَلَمْ تَدَعْهَا تَأْكُلُ مِنْ خَشَاشِ الْأَرْضِ وَرَأَيْتُ أَبَا ثُمَامَةَ عَمْرَو بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّارِ

(مسلم:کتاب ا لکسوف، باب ما عرض علی النبیافی صلاۃ الکسوف من امرالجنۃ والنار)

…and then said: All these things were brought to me in which you will be made to enter. Paradise was brought to me till (I was so close to it) that if I (had intended) to pluck a bunch (of grapes) out of it. I would have got it, or he (the Prophet (ﷺ)) said: I intended to get a bunch (out of that) but my hand could not reach it. Hell was also brought to me and I saw in it a woman belonging to the tribe of Israel who was tormented for a cat whom she had tied, but did not give it food nor set it free to eat the creatures of the earth; and I saw Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik who was dragging his intestines in Hell.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: What Was Shown To the Prophet () Of Paradise And Hell During The Eclipse)

عَنْ عُرْوَةَ ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا ، قَالَتْ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺرَأَيْتُ جَهَنَّمَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا ، وَرَأَيْتُ عَمْرًا يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ ، وَهْوَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَيَّبَ السَّوَائِبَ

(بخاری:کتاب التفسیر،تفسیرسورۃ المائدۃ، باب قولہ ماجعل اﷲ من بحیرۃ ولا سائبۃ ولاوصیلۃ ولاحام،عن عائشۃ وابی ھریرۃ رضی اﷲ)

Narrated Aisha: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, I saw hell and its different portions were destroying each other, and I saw `Amr dragging his intestines in it, and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose in the name of the idols.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet ()), Chapter ‘Allah has not instituted things like Bahirah or a Sã’ibah, or a Wasilah or a Ham…” (V.5:103)).

Bethink, which were these graves in which the Prophet (ﷺ) saw the punishments and sought refuge from the torment of the graves? Were these graves on Earth where the body decomposes or were these locations of the hell in which one’s soul has entered and will get his punishment accordingly until the Day of Judgement.

The Prophet (ﷺ) stood at the well of Badr (which contained the corpses of the pagans) and said,

هَلْ وَجَدْتُمْ مَا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمْ حَقًّا

Have you found the truth what your Lord promised you?

So Aisha interpreted it as:

حِينَ تَبَوَّءُوا مَقَاعِدَهُمْ مِنَ النَّار

When they had taken their places in the Hell-Fire.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The killing of Abu Jahl)

From this saying of the Prophet (ﷺ), it is clearly explained that the location where the deceased is punished or rewarded till the day of judgements is the same location for which Allah says:

ثُمَّ اَمَاتَهٗ فَاَقْبَرَهٗۙ

Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.

 (Surah Abasa: 21)

As it has been said in the Quran about the nation of Nuh, wives of Nuh and Lout that straight after their death they entered hellfire and the people of Pharaoh presented in it, the same sequence also is found in the Hadith of the Prophet. After viewing the punishment of the hellfire (the realm of barzakh), the Prophet (ﷺ) sought refuge from the punishment of the grave. We believe the same that torment of the grave does not happen in the worldly grave but in the realm of barzakh.

These are the narrations about Salat Ul Kasoof about which Mufti of AhleHadeed sect (Salafi) said that in these narrations the Prophet (ﷺ) has given details about Azab-e-Qabr (torment of the grave). This saying of the Prophet (ﷺ) was also quoted in these narrations, that:

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Many things came before me in which you will go and heaven came just like that… and hell came in front of me…

But the Prophet (ﷺ) has never mentioned the grave of this world. In fact, while watching the torment of hell (realm of barzakh), He (ﷺ) said:

“And, no doubt it has been revealed to me that you (people) will be put in trial in your graves like or nearly like the trial of Masih Ad-Dajjal.“

And then he sought refuge from the torment of grave!

So, this is that grave for mankind in which they will remain from the time one departs the world till the Day of Judgement, here one will either be punished or rewarded.

Questions & Answers after death

Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Quran:

يُثَبِّتُ اللّٰهُ الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيٰوةِ الدُّنْيَا وَ فِي الْاٰخِرَةِ

Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter.

(Surah Ibrahim: 27)

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said about this verse:

‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا‏‏ نَزَلَتْ فِي عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ‏.

( عن براء بن عازب ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابُ مَا جَاءَ فِي عَذَابِ القَبْرِ)

Allah will keep firm those who believe . . . (14:27) was revealed concerning the punishment of the grave.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The punishment in the grave)

الْمُسْلِمُ إِذَا سُئِلَ فِي الْقَبْرِ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ ‏{‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ‏}

When a Muslim is questioned in his grave, he will testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), and that is what is meant by Allah’s Statement: “Allah will keep firm those who believe with a Word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter.” (14:27)

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet () Surah Ibrahim, Chapter 2 “Allah will keep firm those who believe with, the word that stands firm…” (V.14:27))

Further in the hadith about questions and answers:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏; الْعَبْدُ إِذَا وُضِعَ فِي قَبْرِهِ، وَتُوُلِّيَ وَذَهَبَ أَصْحَابُهُ حَتَّى إِنَّهُ لَيَسْمَعُ قَرْعَ نِعَالِهِمْ، أَتَاهُ مَلَكَانِ فَأَقْعَدَاهُ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَا كُنْتَ تَقُولُ فِي هَذَا الرَّجُلِ مُحَمَّدٍ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَيَقُولُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ‏.‏ فَيُقَالُ انْظُرْ إِلَى مَقْعَدِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ، أَبْدَلَكَ اللَّهُ بِهِ مَقْعَدًا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ ـ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَيَرَاهُمَا جَمِيعًا ـ وَأَمَّا الْكَافِرُ ـ أَوِ الْمُنَافِقُ ـ فَيَقُولُ لاَ أَدْرِي، كُنْتُ أَقُولُ مَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ‏.‏ فَيُقَالُ لاَ دَرَيْتَ وَلاَ تَلَيْتَ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يُضْرَبُ بِمِطْرَقَةٍ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ ضَرْبَةً بَيْنَ أُذُنَيْهِ، فَيَصِيحُ صَيْحَةً يَسْمَعُهَا مَنْ يَلِيهِ إِلاَّ الثَّقَلَيْنِ ‏

( عن انس ؓ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابٌ: المَيِّتُ يَسْمَعُ خَفْقَ النِّعَالِ)

Narrated Anas:The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “When a human being is laid in his grave and his companions return. And he even hears their footsteps two angels come to him and make him sit and ask him: What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad (ﷺ)? He will say: I testify that he is Allah’s slave and His Apostle. Then it will be said to him, ‘Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise instead of it.’ “The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “The dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite will say to the angels, ‘I do not know, but I used to say what the people used to say! It will be said to him, ‘Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance.’ Then he will be hit with an iron hammer between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be heard by whatever approaches him except human beings and jinns.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals, Chapter: A dead person hears the footsteps)

Note: Other than this we are not taking the hadith narrated by Minhal referred to Azib (رضي الله عنه) as our basis because it is daeef (weak) and against the Quran and Hadith.

The Summary of the above Sahih Hadith is that:

• Dead body of a human had been placed in a grave.

• Question is asked about Muhammad (ﷺ) and, in another hadith, that the question asked about iman (faith).

The hadith earlier mentioned narrated by Asma رضي الله تعالى عنها states the same:

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ، فَيُقَالُ

Every one of you will be brought and asked

So, it is clear that every deceased human will be is questionable, but the place for these questions and answers session is not in the worldly graves as not everyone destined to get the worldly graves one. Allah says:

ثُمَّ اَمَاتَهٗ فَاَقْبَرَهٗۙ

Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.

(Surah Abasa :21)

It means, all who die get a grave. As in communities like Buddhists, fire-worshipers, communists and socialists do not necessarily get an earthy grave. People of Nuh عليه السلام and during the time of Musa عليه السلام the people of Firaun (Pharaoh) who drowned did not get an earthly grave. The people of Madyan (Madin) were also not buried in an earthly grave (Surah Al-Araf: 91, Surah Hud: 11). The nation of Hudعليه  السلام was not buried in these graves (Surah Ahkaf: 25, Surah Zariyat: 41-42, Surah Al-Qamar: 25, Surah Al-Haqqah: 7) these graves were also not the fortune of the nation of Samud عليه السلام (Surah Al-Araf: 78, Surah Hud: 67, Surah Al-Ankabut: 48). We have no idea, how many nations remains were deprived of an earthly grave. So, does it mean that the commandment of Allah: ثُمَّ اَمَاتَہٗ فَاَقۡبَرَہٗ “Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him” was not fulfilled for those nations? Where are they questioned or where do they get the torment of the graves.

The same has been stated in Quran in Surah Al-An’am: 61-62, 93-94 and Surah Al-Jumu’ah:8 that as a person dies his soul is taken to Allah in the skies. The same, has been said in the hadith earlier narrated by Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه that the soul of every deceased taken by the angels to Allah in the heavens. So all humans are brought to this destination after death.

Ponder upon the words of this hadith:

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ، فَيُقَالُ

Every one of you will be brought and asked

It means that all will be questioned after death, regardless if they have been buried in an earthly grave or not, whether one is burnt to ashes, cremated or fall prey to wild beasts and birds or decayed by drowning in the sea. It is not an earthly place but as described in the verse of Surah Al-An’am:

  وَلَقَدْ جِئْتُمُوْنَا فُرَادٰي كَمَا خَلَقْنٰكُمْ اَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَّتَرَكْتُمْ مَّا خَوَّلْنٰكُمْ وَرَاۗءَ ظُهُوْرِكُمْ

[It will be said to them], “And you have certainly come to Us alone [i.e., individually] as We created you the first time, and you have left whatever We bestowed upon you behind you.

(Surah Al-An’am : 94)

So, it is a place other than in this earth.

A hadith has been presented from Abu Daud that a person of Bani Israel said to another person that: Allah will not forgive you, so when their souls reached Allah, the one who said such a phrase entered hell and the other whom  was said entered Jannah. Therefore these questioning and answering are done with the souls.

See more:

إِنَّ رَجُلاً كَانَ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ أَتَاهُ الْمَلَكُ لِيَقْبِضَ رُوحَهُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ هَلْ عَمِلْتَ مِنْ خَيْرٍ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ، قِيلَ لَهُ انْظُرْ‏.‏ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ شَيْئًا غَيْرَ أَنِّي كُنْتُ أُبَايِعُ النَّاسَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَأُجَازِيهِمْ، فَأُنْظِرُ الْمُوسِرَ، وَأَتَجَاوَزُ عَنِ الْمُعْسِرِ‏.‏ فَأَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ الْجَنَّةَ‏‏.‏

(بخاری: کتاب الانبیاء،با ب ماذکر عن بنی اسرائیل)

“I also heard him saying, ‘From among the people preceding your generation, there was a man whom the angel of death visited to capture his soul. (So his soul was captured) and he was asked if he had done any good deed.’ He replied, ‘I don’t remember any good deed.’ He was asked to think it over. He said, ‘I do not remember, except that I used to trade with the people in the world and I used to give a respite to the rich and forgive the poor (among my debtors). So, Allah made him enter Paradise.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophets, Chapter: What has been said about Bani Israel?)

So, it is clear, the questioning and answering is with the soul. And the souls remain in the heavens till the day of judgement. The place where the question and answering or the relief and torment of the graves takes place.

The blessed tongue of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) called this place as “grave”. Aisha رضي الله تعالى عنها says:

إِنَّمَا مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى يَهُودِيَّةٍ يَبْكِي عَلَيْهَا أَهْلُهَا فَقَالَ :إِنَّهُمْ لَيَبْكُونَ عَلَيْهَا، وَإِنَّهَا لَتُعَذَّبُ فِي قَبْرِهَا ‏

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابُ قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «يُعَذَّبُ المَيِّتُ بِبَعْضِ بُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ» إِذَا كَانَ النَّوْحُ مِنْ سُنَّتِهِ “)

Once Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) passed by a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, “They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals, Chapter: The deceased is punished because of the weeping of his relatives).

إِنَّهُمْ(They) لَيَبْكُونَ(are weeping) عَلَيْهَا (over her)وَإِنَّهَا(and she)

لَتُعَذَّبُ (is being tortured) فِي قَبْرِهَا (in her grave)

Since all this happens in realm of Barzakh (Aalim e Barzakh) so, it is termed as the Graves of barzakh (Barzakhi Qabr). What the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) was saying will be much clearer by the following hadiths:

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said to Fatima رضي الله تعالى عنها before the death:

أَنَّهُ يُقْبَضُ فِي وَجَعِهِ الَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهِ فَبَكَيْتُ، ثُمَّ سَارَّنِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنِّي أَوَّلُ أَهْلِهِ يَتْبَعُهُ فَضَحِكْتُ‏.‏

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ)

Prophet first told me he would expire in that disease in which he died, so I wept then he told me secretly that I would be the first of his family to follow him, so I laughed (at that time).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet () (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet () and his death))

He (ﷺ) said to his wives:

، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ بَعْضَ، أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قُلْنَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَيُّنَا أَسْرَعُ بِكَ لُحُوقًا قَالَ ‏ ; أَطْوَلُكُنَّ يَدًا ‏‏‏.‏ فَأَخَذُوا قَصَبَةً يَذْرَعُونَهَا، فَكَانَتْ سَوْدَةُ أَطْوَلَهُنَّ يَدًا، فَعَلِمْنَا بَعْدُ أَنَّمَا كَانَتْ طُولَ يَدِهَا الصَّدَقَةُ، وَكَانَتْ أَسْرَعَنَا لُحُوقًا بِهِ وَكَانَتْ تُحِبُّ الصَّدَقَةَ‏.‏

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الزکاۃ ، بَابُ فَضْلِ صَدَقَةِ الشَّحِيحِ الصَّحِيحِ )

Narrated `Aisha: Some of the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) asked him, “Who amongst us will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?” He said, “Whoever has the longest hand.” So they started measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda’s hand turned out to be the longest. (When Zainab bint Jahsh died first of all in the caliphate of `Umar), we came to know that the long hand was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to follow the Prophet (ﷺ) and she used to love to practice charity. (Sauda died later in the caliphate of Muawiya)

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat), Chapter: What kind of As-Sadaqa (charity etc.) is superior?)

Now, consider whether Fatima رضي الله تعالى عنها and Zainab رضي الله تعالى عنها are buried in Medina with the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) grave? Or they have met the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in heavenly (realm of barzakh)!

Let also read this hadees:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ;‏ حَاجَّ مُوسَى آدَمَ، فَقَالَ لَهُ أَنْتَ الَّذِي أَخْرَجْتَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ بِذَنْبِكَ وَأَشْقَيْتَهُمْ‏.‏ قَالَ قَالَ آدَمُ يَا مُوسَى أَنْتَ الَّذِي اصْطَفَاكَ اللَّهُ بِرِسَالَتِهِ وَبِكَلاَمِهِ أَتَلُومُنِي عَلَى أَمْرٍ كَتَبَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَىَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَنِي أَوْ قَدَّرَهُ عَلَىَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَنِي ‏.‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسل;‏ فَحَجَّ آدَمُ مُوسَى

( عن ابی ہریرۃ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب تفسیر القرآن ، بَابُ قَوْلِهِ: {فَلاَ يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَى} )

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Moses argued with Adam and said to him (Adam), ‘You are the one who got the people out of Paradise by your sin, and thus made them miserable.” Adam replied, ‘O Moses! You are the one whom Allah selected for His Message and for His direct talk. Yet you blame me for a thing which Allah had ordained for me before He created me?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, “So Adam overcame Moses by this Argument.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (), Chapter The Statement of Allah the Exalted: “…So let him not get you both out of Paradise, so that you be distressed.” (V.20:117))

Now consider that, Adam عليه السلام came to Moses عليه السلام in this worldly grave or this is related to the realm of barzakh (Aalim e Barzakh)?

Let us now consider the following additional hadith, the actions of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) indicate that he did not believe the torment of the grave to occur in the worldly grave.

فَرَأَيْتُهُمْ قُتِلُوا يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ، فَأُلْقُوا فِي بِئْرٍ غَيْرَ أُمَيَّةَ أَوْ أُبَىٍّ تَقَطَّعَتْ أَوْصَالُهُ، فَلَمْ يُلْقَ فِي الْبِئْرِ‏.

‏( عن عبد اللہ ؓ ، بخاری ، کتاب مناقب الانصار ، بَابُ مَا لَقِيَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَأَصْحَابُهُ مِنَ المُشْرِكِينَ بِمكَّةَ)

I saw these people killed on the day of Badr battle and thrown in the well except Umaiya or Ubai whose body parts were mutilated but he was not thrown in the well.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar), Chapter: (The troubles which) the Mushrikun caused)

عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ كَانَ رَجُلٌ نَصْرَانِيًّا فَأَسْلَمَ وَقَرَأَ الْبَقَرَةَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ، فَكَانَ يَكْتُبُ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم، فَعَادَ نَصْرَانِيًّا فَكَانَ يَقُولُ مَا يَدْرِي مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ مَا كَتَبْتُ لَهُ، فَأَمَاتَهُ اللَّهُ فَدَفَنُوهُ، فَأَصْبَحَ وَقَدْ لَفَظَتْهُ الأَرْضُ فَقَالُوا هَذَا فِعْلُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ، لَمَّا هَرَبَ مِنْهُمْ نَبَشُوا عَنْ صَاحِبِنَا‏.‏ فَأَلْقُوهُ فَحَفَرُوا لَهُ فَأَعْمَقُوا، فَأَصْبَحَ وَقَدْ لَفَظَتْهُ الأَرْضُ، فَقَالُوا هَذَا فِعْلُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ نَبَشُوا عَنْ صَاحِبِنَا لَمَّا هَرَبَ مِنْهُمْ‏.‏ فَأَلْقَوْهُ فَحَفَرُوا لَهُ، وَأَعْمَقُوا لَهُ فِي الأَرْضِ مَا اسْتَطَاعُوا، فَأَصْبَحَ قَدْ لَفَظَتْهُ الأَرْضُ، فَعَلِمُوا أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَأَلْقَوْهُ‏.‏

( عن انس ؓ ، بخاری ، کتاب المناقب ، بَابُ عَلاَمَاتِ النُّبُوَّةِ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ )

Narrated Anas:

There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surat-al-Baqara and Al-`Imran, and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet. Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: “Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him.” Then Allah caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, “This is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them.” They again dug the grave deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, “This is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them.” They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Virtues and Merits of the Prophet () and his Companions, Chapter: The signs of Prophethood in Islam).

Read this hadees and see what was the belief of Prophet ﷺ and Sahaba رضی اللہ عنہم اجمعین:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ قَدِمَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ فَنَزَلَ أَعْلَى الْمَدِينَةِ، فِي حَىٍّ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ‏.‏ فَأَقَامَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِيهِمْ أَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ لَيْلَةً، ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَ إِلَى بَنِي النَّجَّارِ فَجَاءُوا مُتَقَلِّدِي السُّيُوفِ، كَأَنِّي أَنْظُرُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ، وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ رِدْفُهُ، وَمَلأُ بَنِي النَّجَّارِ حَوْلَهُ، حَتَّى أَلْقَى بِفِنَاءِ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، وَكَانَ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ حَيْثُ أَدْرَكَتْهُ الصَّلاَةُ، وَيُصَلِّي فِي مَرَابِضِ الْغَنَمِ، وَأَنَّهُ أَمَرَ بِبِنَاءِ الْمَسْجِدِ، فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى مَلإٍ مِنْ بَنِي النَّجَّارِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا بَنِي النَّجَّارِ ثَامِنُونِي بِحَائِطِكُمْ هَذَا ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالُوا لاَ وَاللَّهِ، لاَ نَطْلُبُ ثَمَنَهُ إِلاَّ إِلَى اللَّهِ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَنَسٌ فَكَانَ فِيهِ مَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ، قُبُورُ الْمُشْرِكِينَ، وَفِيهِ خَرِبٌ، وَفِيهِ نَخْلٌ

Narrated Anas:

When the Prophet (ﷺ) arrived Medina he dismounted at `Awali-i-Medina amongst a tribe called Banu `Amr bin `Auf. He stayed there for fourteen nights. Then he sent for Bani An-Najjar and they came armed with their swords. As if I am looking (just now) as the Prophet (ﷺ) was sitting over his Rahila (Mount) with Abu Bakr riding behind him and all Banu An-Najjar around him till he dismounted at the courtyard of Abu Aiyub’s house. The Prophet (ﷺ) loved to pray wherever the time for the prayer was due even at sheep-folds. Later on he ordered that a mosque should be built and sent for some people of Banu-An-Najjar and said, “O Banu An-Najjar! Suggest to me the price of this (walled) piece of land of yours.” They replied, “No! By Allah! We do not demand its price except from Allah.” Anas added: There were graves of pagans in it and some of it was unlevelled and there were some date-palm trees in it.

، فَأَمَرَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِقُبُورِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَنُبِشَتْ، ثُمَّ بِالْخَرِبِ فَسُوِّيَتْ، وَبِالنَّخْلِ فَقُطِعَ، فَصَفُّوا النَّخْلَ قِبْلَةَ الْمَسْجِدِ، وَجَعَلُوا عِضَادَتَيْهِ الْحِجَارَةَ، وَجَعَلُوا يَنْقُلُونَ الصَّخْرَ، وَهُمْ يَرْتَجِزُونَ، وَالنَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَعَهُمْ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ لاَ خَيْرَ إِلاَّ خَيْرُ الآخِرَهْ فَاغْفِرْ لِلأَنْصَارِ وَالْمُهَاجِرَهْ ‏”‏

( عن انس بن مالک ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الصلاۃ ، بَابٌ: هَلْ تُنْبَشُ قُبُورُ مُشْرِكِي الجَاهِلِيَّةِ، وَيُتَّخَذُ مَكَانُهَا مَسَاجِدَ )

 The Prophet () ordered that the graves of the pagans be dug out and the unlevelled land be levelled and the date-palm trees be cut down. (So all that was done). They aligned these cut date-palm trees towards the Qibla of the mosque (as a wall) and they also built two stone side-walls (of the mosque). His companions brought the stones while reciting some poetic verses. The Prophet (ﷺ) was with them and he kept on saying, “There is no goodness except that of the Hereafter, O Allah! So please forgive the Ansars and the emigrants. “

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prayers (Salat), Chapter: Is it permissible to dig the graves of pagans of the period of Ignorance, and to use that place as a mosque?)

Let us review that if the torment is in this earthly grave, then why did the  Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) dig up the graves of the polytheists.

By not burying the pieces of the body of Allah’s enemy Ummaya Bin Khalf, was he saved from the torment of the grave, similarly that the apostate also escaped from the torment of the grave whose body was thrown out of his grave. These actions of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) have made the fact clear that this grave is only to conceal the physical dead body and has “NO” connection with the soul.

Based on the Quran and sahih Hadith in this complete series has cleared the fact that;

● When a person dies his hereafter begins immediately. The soul travels to heaven or hell, where the good is rewarded or the evil punished.

● As soon as the soul has departed the body becomes free from any feelings and emotions and the decomposition process commences.

● The torment of the grave is part of the suffering of the hereafter and it all takes place in the heavens (skies) in the realm of barzakh (Aalim e Barzakh).

● This torment will end only on the day of resurrection when Allah will return the souls to the worldly bodies to restore with life in them and on that day of the judgement they will enter heaven or hell and finally for them death will exist no more.

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Taking wages for the religious duties in Islam

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ، نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، أَمَّا بَعْدُ

قالَ اللہُ تعالیٰ فِي سورةِ آلِ عمران :

وَ اِنَّ مِنْ اَهْلِ الْكِتٰبِ لَمَنْ يُّؤْمِنُ بِاللّٰهِ وَ مَاۤ اُنْزِلَ اِلَيْكُمْ وَ مَاۤ اُنْزِلَ اِلَيْهِمْ خٰشِعِيْنَ لِلّٰهِ١ۙ لَا يَشْتَرُوْنَ بِاٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ؕ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ لَهُمْ اَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ١ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ سَرِيْعُ الْحِسَابِ۰۰۱۹۹

[آل عمران: 199]

And there are, certainly, among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), those who believe in Allah Ta’ala and in that which has been revealed to you, and in that which has been revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah. They do not sell the Verses of Allah Ta’ala for a little price, for them is a reward with their Lord. Surely, Allah Ta’ala is Swift in account.

In this verse, Allah Ta’ala has mentioned in a very good way the mention of those who do not accept the worldly reward for the verses of Allah Ta’ala but said that their reward is with their Lord. That is, the reward for one’s deeds is in the Hereafter and not in this world. Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’an:

وَ اٰمِنُوْا بِمَاۤ اَنْزَلْتُ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ وَ لَا تَكُوْنُوْۤا اَوَّلَ كَافِرٍۭ بِهٖ١۪ وَ لَا تَشْتَرُوْا بِاٰيٰتِيْ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ٞ وَ اِيَّايَ فَاتَّقُوْنِ۰۰۴۱

[البقرة: 41]

And believe in that which I have revealed, confirming that which is with you (the Torah and the Gospel) and do not be the first to deny it and do not sell My verses for a small price and only Fear me, then.

۔ ۔ ۔ فَلَا تَخْشَوُا النَّاسَ وَ اخْشَوْنِ وَ لَا تَشْتَرُوْا بِاٰيٰتِيْ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ؕ وَ مَنْ لَّمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَاۤ اَنْزَلَ اللّٰهُ فَاُولٰٓىِٕكَ هُمُ الْكٰفِرُوْنَ۰۰۴۴

 [المائدة: 44]

“Do not be afraid of people but fear Me and do not sell My verses for a small price. Those who do not judge according to what is revealed by Allah Ta’ala are the disbelievers.”

That is, the command not to sell the verses of the Qur’an is the command of Allah, and those who decide against it, that is, to justify their earnings, are the disbelievers.  Allah Ta’ala declares at another place:

اِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ يَكْتُمُوْنَ مَاۤ اَنْزَلَ اللّٰهُ مِنَ الْكِتٰبِ وَ يَشْتَرُوْنَ بِهٖ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ۙ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ مَا يَاْكُلُوْنَ فِيْ بُطُوْنِهِمْ اِلَّا النَّارَ وَ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللّٰهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ وَ لَا يُزَكِّيْهِمْ١ۖۚ وَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ۰۰۱۷۴

[البقرة: 174]

Verily, those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and purchase a small gain therewith (of worldly things), they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment.

In this verse two things are stated, firstly those who conceal the commands revealed by Allah and secondly those who earn through this Qur’an, these are the people who are filling their bellies with hell fire.  It means that this earnings on the Quran are in fact the fire of hell.  And on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not even speak to such people, that is, He will be wrathful to them. They will not be purified because only pure people will go to heaven.

It means that it is haraam (religiously illegitimate) to take money for leading the prayers reciting the Quran and teaching of the Quran.

And Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) says:

اقْرَءُوا الْقُرْآنَ ، وَلَا تَغْلُوا فِيهِ ، وَلَا تَجْفُوا عَنْهُ وَلَا تَأْكُلُوا بِهِ ، وَلَا تَسْتَكْبِرُوا تَسْتَكْثِرُوا  بِهِ

( مسند احمد،  مسند المكيين ، حدیث عبد الرحمن بن شبل ؓ)

Recite the Qur’an, and do not exaggerate in it, and do not be shy about it, and do not eat of it, and do not seek abundance by it.

عن سهل بن سعد الساعدي، قال: خرج علينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يوما ونحن نقترئ، فقال: الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ، كِتَابُ اللَّهِ وَاحِدٌ، فِيكُمُ الْأَحْمَرُ، وَفِيكُمُ الْأَبْيَضُ، وَفِيكُمُ الْأَسْوَدُ، اقْرَءُوهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَقْرَأَهُ أَقْوَامٌ يُقَوِّمُونَهُ كَمَا يُقَوَّمُ السَّهْمُ؛ يَتَعَجَّلُ أَجْرَهُ وَلَا يُتَأَجَّلُهُ

( ابو داؤد،  كتاب الصلاة  ، باب ما يجزئ الأمي والأعجمي من القراءة )

On the authority of Sahl bin Saad Al-Saadi (رضی اللہ عنہ) who said, “The Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) one day came out to us while we were reciting (the Quran). He said: “Praise be to Allah. The Book of Allah is one, and among you are the red, and among you are the white and among you are the black. Recite it before there appear people who will recite it and straighten it as an arrow is straightened. They will get their reward for it in this world and will not get it in the Hereafter.”

عن عثمان بن أبي العاص قال: قلت :  يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، اجْعَلْنِي إِمَامَ قَوْمِي. قَالَ: أَنْتَ إِمَامُهُمْ، وَاقْتَدِ بِأَضْعَفِهِمْ، وَاتَّخِذْ مُؤَذِّنًا لا يَأْخُذُ عَلَى أَذَانِهِ أَجْرًا

     ( سنن النسائی،  کتاب الاذان ، اتخاذ المؤذن الذي لا يأخُذُ على أذانهِ أجرًا )

On the authority of ‘Uthman bin Abi Al-Aas who said:

“I said: ‘O Allah’s Messenger (), make me the Imam of my people.’ He said: ‘You are their Imam, so consider the weakest among them and choose a Mu’adhdhin (one who calls adhan for the salat) who does not take any payment for his adhan.”

عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، قَالَ: عَلَّمْتُ نَاسًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الصُّفَّةِ الْكِتَابَ، وَالْقُرْآنَ فَأَهْدَى إِلَيَّ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ قَوْسًا فَقُلْتُ: لَيْسَتْ بِمَالٍ وَأَرْمِي عَنْهَا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ، لَآتِيَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَلَأَسْأَلَنَّهُ فَأَتَيْتُهُ، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، رَجُلٌ أَهْدَى إِلَيَّ قَوْسًا مِمَّنْ كُنْتُ أُعَلِّمُهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْقُرْآنَ، وَلَيْسَتْ بِمَالٍ وَأَرْمِي عَنْهَا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ: «إِنْ كُنْتَ تُحِبُّ أَنْ تُطَوَّقَ طَوْقًا مِنْ نَارٍ فَاقْبَلْهَا        

  (المستدرک علی الصحیحین للحاکم ، کتاب البیوع، وَأَمَّا حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ )

It is narrated on the authority of Ubada bin Samit ((رضی اللہ عنہ)) who said, “I taught some persons from the people of Suffah writing and the Qur’an. A man of them presented to me a bow. I said: “It cannot be reckoned as property; I will shoot (arrows) with it in Allah’s path?”  (I thought) I must come to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and ask him (about it). So, I came to him and said: “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), one of those whom I have been teaching writing and the Qur’an, has presented me a bow, and as it cannot be reckoned as maal (money/property), (and) I will shoot with it in Allah’s path?” He said: “If you want to have a necklace of fire on you, accept it.”

عن أبي هريرة، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:  مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ عِلْمًا مِمَّا يُبْتَغَى بِهِ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ، لَا يَتَعَلَّمُهُ إِلَّا لِيُصِيبَ بِهِ عَرَضًا مِنَ الدُّنْيَا، لَمْ يَجِدْ عَرْفَ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

( صحیح ابن حبان ،  کتاب العلم ، ذكر وصف العلم الذي يتوقع دخول النار في القيامة لمن طلبه )

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: If anyone acquires knowledge that should be sought seeking the Face (pleasure) of Allah, but he acquires it only to get some worldly advantage, he will not find the arf (the fragrance) of Paradise.

Dear readers! These are the hadiths that give tremors in the body that even the one who receives a gift on the teachings of the Qur’an will wear a necklace of fire and those who make a living from it will not be able to smell the fragrance of heaven.  May Allah protect us from this grave mistake.

The Quran and the ahadeeth of the Prophet (ﷺ) prove that

Taking any kind of monetary rewarding for the verses of the Quran,

Taking any gift for them,

Taking advantage of it in any other way, means

You are putting fire of hell in your stomach.

It is also denial of Allah’s command,

And denial in the command of the Prophet (ﷺ).

Similarly, taking salary for pronouncing adhan has also been prohibited.

Scores of sects have been founded in the name of Islam, they disagree with each other on many issues, but surprisingly:

All sects agree on taking wages on religious matters.

The reason for this is that all the control of the sects is in the hands of their Mufti and Maulvi, and they are not ready to give up their earnings in any way, they have made religion their profession. Inshallah, in the next episode, the reality of the deception of these Maulvis and Muftis will be explained on this subject.

            Earlier, plenty of evidence were presented from the Book of Allah for taking wages on religious duties, but the sectarian scholars particularly tried to prove  contest that these Qur’anic evidences do not mean that wages are forbidden on the Qur’an, because the verses of the Qur’an explain each other. In this regard, they present few verses:

اِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ يَكْتُمُوْنَ مَاۤ اَنْزَلَ اللّٰهُ مِنَ الْكِتٰبِ وَ يَشْتَرُوْنَ بِهٖ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ۙ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ مَا يَاْكُلُوْنَ فِيْ بُطُوْنِهِمْ اِلَّا النَّارَ وَ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللّٰهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ وَ لَا يُزَكِّيْهِمْ١ۖۚ وَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ۰۰۱۷۴ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ الَّذِيْنَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلٰلَةَ بِالْهُدٰى وَ الْعَذَابَ بِالْمَغْفِرَةِ١ۚ فَمَاۤ اَصْبَرَهُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ۰۰۱۷۵

[البقرة : 174-175]

Verily, those who conceal what Allah has revealed in His Book and earn a little reward over it (the Qur’an), they are eating nothing for their bellies except the fire. Allah will not speak to them, nor will He purify them, and for them is a painful punishment. These are they who buy way wardness by (replacing it with)the guidance and (buy)punishment by (replacing it with) forgiveness, so see how patient they are (on the reward) of the fire.

وَ اِذْ اَخَذَ اللّٰهُ مِيْثَاقَ الَّذِيْنَ اُوْتُوا الْكِتٰبَ لَتُبَيِّنُنَّهٗ۠ لِلنَّاسِ وَ لَا تَكْتُمُوْنَهٗ١ٞ فَنَبَذُوْهُ وَرَآءَ ظُهُوْرِهِمْ وَ اشْتَرَوْا بِهٖ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ؕ فَبِئْسَ مَا يَشْتَرُوْنَ۰۰۱۸۷

[آل عمران: 187]

And when Allah took a solemn covenant with those who were given the Book that He would make it clear to the people and would not hide it. Then they put the book behind them and sold it for a small price. How bad is the price they are charging.”

Presenting these verses, they say that it is haraam only when someone hides the religious verdicts from the public and then get paid for religious duties, otherwise it is permissible.

Explanation:

            Of course, it is openly haraam to take a reward for doing so, but these muftis are also playing games with this ummah in the same way that the scholars of the Bani Israel used to do by hiding much of what Allah had revealed. Allah Ta’ala  has informed every reader about such people. The Lord of the universe says:

يٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْۤا اِنَّ كَثِيْرًا مِّنَ الْاَحْبَارِ وَ الرُّهْبَانِ لَيَاْكُلُوْنَ اَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَ يَصُدُّوْنَ عَنْ سَبِيْلِ اللّٰهِ١ ۔ ۔ ۔  

[التوبة: 34]

“O you who believe! Indeed, the majority of scholars and saints devour the wealth of the people illegally and (while) hindering them from the way of Allah …

            Allah Ta’ala  had already told us that they eat away people’s wealth illegally, so Allah’s word came true and today it has become clear to us how these maulvis, saints and muftis earn by selling the religion in one form or the other. Some of them take wages for leading the salat, others take money for teaching the Quran, yet others are earning by writing taweez (an amulet) of the Quranic ayaat.  It is very common practice to take money for fabricated rituals like Isal Thawab (transfer of reward for their good deeds to someone who is dead) by taking the whole team of madrassah students for reciting whole of Quran in one sitting and then take money and rewards for that recitation. Maulvi from nearby masjid is often invited for the ceremony of completion of the Quran by a child and then he is given money and other gifts for the session of collective ‘dua’. Sometimes there is a reward for adhan, the call to prayer and sometimes they receive gifts for teaching or reciting the Quran in taraweeh. The purpose is to make religion a source of income.

            The Muftis, who are presenting these two verses, know well their real meaning but decieve the public by manipulating the meaning.  They know exactly that there are many verses which prove the prohibition of wages for religious duties. When they are asked to reply by suporting Quranic verses and hadith, they simply ignore this condition and reply, “The religious scholars (ulema) of later generations (mutaakhireen) have declared it permissible” (fatwa by Bannuri Town Darul Uloom) without mentioning any ayat or hadith.  Muftis do not allow those verses to come to the knowledge of the people by hiding them in this manner. Here are some other ayaat which clearly mention that such reward will be given by Allah Ta’ala:

Noah (علیہ السلام)  said to his people:

وَ مَاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ اَجْرٍ١ۚ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلٰى رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَۚ۰۰۱۰۹

[الشعراء: 109]

“And I do not ask you for a reward for it. My reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.”

وَ يٰقَوْمِ لَاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مَالًا١ؕ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلَى اللّٰهِ ۔ ۔ ۔

[هود: 29]

And, O my people! I do not ask you for any wealth for it, my reward is only with Allah.

Hud ( علیہ السلام) said: My reward is from Allah Ta’ala.

وَ مَاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ اَجْرٍ١ۚ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلٰى رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَؕ۰۰۱۲۷

[الشعراء: 127]

And I do not ask you for a reward for it. My reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.”

يٰقَوْمِ لَاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ اَجْرًا١ؕ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلَى الَّذِيْ فَطَرَنِيْ١ؕ اَفَلَا تَعْقِلُوْنَ۰۰۵۱

[هود: 51]

“O my people! I do not ask of you for a reward for it. My reward is only for Him who created me. Do you not understand? “

Lot ( علیہ السلام) said: My reward is from Allah Ta’ala.

وَ مَاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ اَجْرٍ١ۚ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلٰى رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَؕ۰۰۱۶۴

[الشعراء: 164]

“And I do not ask you for a reward for it. My reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.”

Shoaib ( علیہ السلام) said: My reward is from Allah Ta’ala.

وَ مَاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ اَجْرٍ١ۚ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلٰى رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَؕ۰۰۱۸۰

[الشعراء: 180]

“And I do not ask you for a reward for it. My reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.”

In Surah Ya-seen, Allah Ta’ala states a condition for the one who is on the path of guidance  that they donot charge any money for the religious duties:

اتَّبِعُوْا مَنْ لَّا يَسْـَٔلُكُمْ اَجْرًا وَّ هُمْ مُّهْتَدُوْنَ۰۰۲۱

(یٰسٓ :21)

“Follow the messengers who do not ask you for any reward and who are guided.”

The Prophet (ﷺ) was also told to announce:

قُلْ لَّاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ اَجْرًا١ؕ اِنْ هُوَ اِلَّا ذِكْرٰى لِلْعٰلَمِيْنَؒ

(الانعام: 90)

(O Prophet!) Say: I do not ask you for a reward for it (the Qur’an), it is only a reminder for the worlds.

قُلْ مَا سَاَلْتُكُمْ مِّنْ اَجْرٍ فَهُوَ لَكُمْ١ؕ اِنْ اَجْرِيَ اِلَّا عَلَى اللّٰهِ١ۚ وَ هُوَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيْدٌ۰۰۴۷

          (سبا :47)

Say (O Muhammad SAW): “If I ask you for a wage, it is yours, my reward is with Him, and He is Aware of all things.”

The Prophets (ﷺ) also used to earn by working with their own hands:

قَالَ مَا بَعَثَ اللّٰہُ نَبِیًّا اِلَّا رَعَی الْغَنَمَ فَقَالَ اَصْحَابُہٗ وَ اَنْتَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ کُنْتُ اَرْعَاھَاعَلٰی قَرَارِْ یطَ لِاَھْلِ مَکَّۃَ

(بخاری: کتاب الاجارۃ، باب رعی الغنم علی قراریط )

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Allaah has not sent any prophet who has not grazed goats. The companions asked, and (what about) you! He said, “Yes, I also used to graze the goats of the people of Makkah for a few qiraat.”

Similarly, the Prophets used to do different things to earn money:

اِنَّ دَاوٗدَ النَّبِیَّ صَلَّی اللّٰہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ کَانَ لَا یَاْکُلُ اِلَّامِنْ عَمَلِ یَدِہٖ

(بخاری: کتاب البیوع، باب کسب الرجل عملِہ بیدہٖ)

“Indeed Dawood ( علیہ السلام) used to earn his livelihood by working with his hands.”

کَانَ زَکَرِیَّا نَجَّارًا

(مسلم:کتاب الفضائل،باب فضائل زکریا ؑ)

“Zechariah was a carpenter.”

Now look at the role of the Companions:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، أَنّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : أَتَاهُ رِعْلٌ وَذَكْوَانُ وَعُصَيَّةُ وَبَنُو لَحْيَانَ فَزَعَمُوا أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ أَسْلَمُوا وَاسْتَمَدُّوهُ عَلَى قَوْمِهِمْ ، فَأَمَدَّهُمُ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِسَبْعِينَ مِنْ الْأَنْصَارِ ، قَالَ : أَنَسٌ كُنَّا نُسَمِّيهِمْ الْقُرَّاءَ يَحْطِبُونَ بِالنَّهَارِ وَيُصَلُّونَ بِاللَّيْلِ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِهِمْ حَتَّى بَلَغُوا بِئْرَ مَعُونَةَ غَدَرُوا بِهِمْ وَقَتَلُوهُمْ ، فَقَنَتَ شَهْرًا يَدْعُو عَلَى رِعْلٍ وَذَكْوَانَ وَبَنِي لَحْيَانَ ، قَالَ : قَتَادَةُ ، وَحَدَّثَنَا أَنَسٌ أَنَّهُمْ قَرَءُوا بِهِمْ قُرْآنًا أَلَا بَلِّغُوا عَنَّا قَوْمَنَا بِأَنَّا قَدْ لَقِيَنَا رَبَّنَا فَرَضِيَ عَنَّا وَأَرْضَانَا ، ثُمَّ رُفِعَ ذَلِكَ بَعْدُ

( بخاری،کتاب الجہاد و السیر، بَابُ العَوْنِ بِالْمَدَدِ )

On the authority of Anas ( رضی اللہ عنہ); Some people from the tribes of Ra’l, Zakwan, Asiyah and Banu Lahyan came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and assured him that they had converted to Islam and they asked him for help and education and preaching against their disbelieving nation. ۔ So the Prophet sent seventy Ansaris with them. “We used to call him Qari,” Anas said. “They used to gather firewood from the forest during the day and pray at night. They went with the people of the tribe, but when they reached Beer Ma’una, the people of the tribe betrayed the Companions and martyred them. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recited qunoot (in Salat) for a month and kept on cursing Raal and Dhakwan and Banu Lahyan. Qatadah said that Anas told us that (about these martyrs) we used to recite this verse in the Qur’an like this: “Yes! Tell our people (Muslims) that we will go to our Lord. And He is pleased with us and He has pleased us too. “Then this verse was abrogated.”

            This was the practice of the Companions that they worked hard earning money during the day and worshipped Allah Ta’ala at night. The sectarian Muftis and scholars themselves conceal such evidence so that the people do not stop giving them wealth knowing the truth. Now the following verse suit them  perfectly when they did exactly what the Master of the Qur’an declares as ‘bad’ that is taking insignificant reward of wroldly wages:

اِشْتَرَوْا بِاٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا فَصَدُّوْا عَنْ سَبِيْلِهٖ١ؕ اِنَّهُمْ سَآءَ مَا كَانُوْا يَعْمَلُوْنَ۰۰۹

[التوبة: 9]

They sold the verses of Allah for a small price and then barred (people) from the path of Allah. Too bad the work they are doing. “

            The situation today is that whereas every sect has agreed on the permissibility of  “taking wages on religious duties” but they disagree with each other on other issues. However, there are some people among them who do not take wages but their number is minimal.

May Allah save the true Muslims from the influence of these moulvis and muftis who prefer the hell fire to be in their stomachs.

In order to prove their haraam action, they also present a hadith of Bukhari, so lets study it.

Earlier, we had presented a statement in the Qur’an and Hadith about wages on religious matters, according to which it is forbidden to take wages on leading the salat, teaching the Qur’an and it is like putting the fire of hell in one’s stomach. Such people will not be purified on the Day of Resurrection, because only pure people will go to heaven. On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not even speak to them, but according to the Hadith of the Prophet (), they will not be able to smell the fragrance of Paradise. But look at their courage that they made this haraam (religiously forbidden) their profession and being happily contented with getting the Hell fire:

اِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ يَكْتُمُوْنَ مَاۤ اَنْزَلَ اللّٰهُ مِنَ الْكِتٰبِ وَ يَشْتَرُوْنَ بِهٖ ثَمَنًا قَلِيْلًا١ۙ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ مَا يَاْكُلُوْنَ فِيْ بُطُوْنِهِمْ اِلَّا النَّارَ وَ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللّٰهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ وَ لَا يُزَكِّيْهِمْ١ۖۚ وَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ۰۰۱۷۴اُولٰٓىِٕكَ الَّذِيْنَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلٰلَةَ بِالْهُدٰى وَ الْعَذَابَ بِالْمَغْفِرَةِ١ۚ فَمَاۤ اَصْبَرَهُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ۰۰۱۷۵

[البقرة: 174-175]

Indeed, they who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and exchange it for a small price – those consume not into their bellies except the Fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them. And they will have a painful punishment. Those are the ones who have exchanged guidance for error and forgiveness for punishment. Thus (see) how contented they are over the (decision of) Fire!

فَمَاۤ اَصْبَرَهُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ

Thus (see) how contented they are over the (decision of) Fire!

They, who are happy with getting in to the fire of hell, are making it their profession even after the clear injunctions of the Qur’an and Hadith and they also present one or two hadiths to deceive the people and justify the reward for religious affairs. Coming to the hadiths presented by him:

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الخُدْرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَتَوْا عَلَى حَيٍّ مِنْ أَحْيَاءِ العَرَبِ فَلَمْ يَقْرُوهُمْ، فَبَيْنَمَا هُمْ كَذَلِكَ، إِذْ لُدِغَ سَيِّدُ أُولَئِكَ، فَقَالُوا: هَلْ مَعَكُمْ مِنْ دَوَاءٍ أَوْ رَاقٍ؟ فَقَالُوا: إِنَّكُمْ لَمْ تَقْرُونَا، وَلاَ نَفْعَلُ حَتَّى تَجْعَلُوا لَنَا جُعْلًا، فَجَعَلُوا لَهُمْ قَطِيعًا مِنَ الشَّاءِ، فَجَعَلَ يَقْرَأُ بِأُمِّ القُرْآنِ، وَيَجْمَعُ بُزَاقَهُ وَيَتْفِلُ، فَبَرَأَ فَأَتَوْا بِالشَّاءِ، فَقَالُوا: لاَ نَأْخُذُهُ حَتَّى نَسْأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَسَأَلُوهُ فَضَحِكَ وَقَالَ: «وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ أَنَّهَا رُقْيَةٌ، خُذُوهَا وَاضْرِبُوا لِي بِسَهْمٍ»

( بخاری، کتاب  الطب، بَابُ الرُّقَى بِفَاتِحَةِ الكِتَابِ )

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri says that some of the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) came to an Arab tribe, but the people of that tribe did not entertain them. They were there when the chief of that tribe was bitten by a snake. They said, “Do you have any medicine or a charm?” They said, “You have not entertained us, so we will not do anything until you have given something to us.” Then they agreed to give some goats. Then Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri started reciting Surah Al-Fatihah and collected saliva and spread on it. So the man got well.  He said, “We will not take it (the reward of goats) until we ask the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about it.” So they asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about it. He said, ‘take it and put a share for me in it’.

This special case occurred when the group of the Companions passed by a tribe who refused to host the group. For such a situation, the Prophet had taught the Companions that if any tribe does not entertain them, then they should somehow receive the right to guests because in those days there were no hotels like nowadays.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ، عَنْ أَبِي الخَيْرِ، عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، قَالَ: قُلْنَا لِلنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: إِنَّكَ تَبْعَثُنَا، فَنَنْزِلُ بِقَوْمٍ لاَ يَقْرُونَا، فَمَا تَرَى فِيهِ؟ فَقَالَ لَنَا:

( بخاری، کتاب المظالم و غضب ، بَابُ قِصَاصِ المَظْلُومِ إِذَا وَجَدَ مَالَ ظَالِمِهِ )

It is narrated on the authority of Aqaba ibn Amir that he said: We said to the Prophet, “You send us out and it happens that we have to stay with people who do not entertain us. What do you think about it? He said to us, “If you stay with some people and they entertain you as they should for a guest, accept their hospitality, but if they don’t, take the right of the guest from them.”

 The tribe refused to entertain the partySo they recited Sura Al-Fatiha and made it very clear that the Companions had done this only on the ground that the tribesmen had not paid the right to the food. The tribesmen brought goats as promised. Now the Companions hesitated, this hesitation was due to the fact that Allah and His Messenger forbade to take a reward for the Qur’an. So he decided that the matter should be brought before the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) first. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him: ‘How did you know that Al-Fatiha  is a charm?” Because this was not told to them. Then said, ‘Take out my share as well from it.’

If the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had considered it as “wages” or “earnings”, he would not have in any way ordered its distribution and its share in it, because “wages” or “earnings” belong to the doer and distributed amongst others.

The tribesmen asked the Companions if they had any medicine for a bite or if there was anyone among them who was familiar with the mantra of bites and could do a charm. The companions replied, “Yes.” But you are the ones who have refused to host us, so we will not “blow” on your chief until you promise us its reward.”  The clear words of this hadith have shattered in public the claims of ulemas fabricated to justify the haraam to be halal.

اِنَّ اَحَقَّ مَا اَخَذْتُمْ عَلَیْہِ اَجْراً کِتَابُ اللّٰہِ

“The Book of Allah is the most deserving of all that you are rewarded for.”

The aforementioned hadith which was narrated by Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (رضی اللہ عنہ), the Companion who was himself in that caravan.  And hadith from Sunan al-Tirmidhi informs that Abu Saeed Khudri (رضی اللہ عنہ) himself was the one who performed the charm. So the narrator of the hadith is the one who is present in the caravan, he was the eyewitness and central character of the whole incident.  But there is another hadith on the authority of Ibn Abbas (), which is considered more authentic than the hadith of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri, by the sectarian ulema to ignore this one from the eye witness.  It is narrated that he did not witness the incident that the participants in this campaign were not traveling. The reason for this is that there is a phrase in that tradition by which these professionals have justified their “haraam” earnings. It is narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him):

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ نَفَرًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرُّوا بِمَائٍ فِيهِمْ لَدِيغٌ أَوْ سَلِيمٌ فَعَرَضَ لَهُمْ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَائِ فَقَالَ هَلْ فِيکُمْ مِنْ رَاقٍ إِنَّ فِي الْمَائِ رَجُلًا لَدِيغًا أَوْ سَلِيمًا فَانْطَلَقَ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ فَقَرَأَ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْکِتَابِ عَلَی شَائٍ فَبَرَأَ فَجَائَ بِالشَّائِ إِلَی أَصْحَابِهِ فَکَرِهُوا ذَلِکَ وَقَالُوا أَخَذْتَ عَلَی کِتَابِ اللَّهِ أَجْرًا حَتَّی قَدِمُوا الْمَدِينَةَ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَخَذَ عَلَی کِتَابِ اللَّهِ أَجْرًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ أَحَقَّ مَا أَخَذْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا کِتَابُ اللَّهِ

( بخاری، کتاب الطب، باب: الشرط فی الرقیۃ ۔ ۔)

On the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنہ), some of the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) passed by some people staying at a place where there was water, and one of those people had been stung by a scorpion or bitten by sanke. A man from those staying near the water, came and said to the companions of the Prophet, “Is there anyone among you who can do Ruqya (charm) as near the water there is a person who has been stung by a scorpion or snake.” So one of the Prophet’s companions went to him and recited Surat-al-Fatiha for a sheep as his fees. The patient got cured and the man brought the sheep to his companions who disliked that and said, “You have taken wages for reciting Allah’s Book.” When they arrived at Medina, they said, ‘ O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! (This person) has taken wages for reciting Allah’s Book” On that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “You are most entitled to take wages for doing a Ruqya with Allah’s Book.”

In this narration narrated by him, first read this sentence of the Companions:

فَکَرِهُوا ذَلِکَ وَقَالُوا أَخَذْتَ عَلَی کِتَابِ اللَّهِ أَجْرًا

But they (the Companions) disliked that and said, “You have taken a reward for the Book of Allah.”

This statement of the Companions clarifies the fact that:

This was the teaching given to the Companions and they considered earning from the Book of Allah as haraam.

Now when the Companions came to the Prophet, according to this single narration, the Prophet said:

إِنَّ أَحَقَّ مَا أَخَذْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا کِتَابُ اللَّهِ

“The Book of Allah is the most deserving of all that you are rewarded for.”


No matter how many narrations have been narrated about this incident in all the books of Hadith, including Sahih Bukhari, these words are not found in any of this unique narration. This is the sentence on which the Mufti and Maulvi and their predecessors have tried to build a false building. In every case, the Qur’an and Hadith give a unanimous belief. If ever the words of a verse or a hadith seem to contradict another verse or hadith, then its interpretation is done according to the position given by the Book of Allah. The statement of the Qur’an and Hadith in this regard is that its verses should not be sold, it should not be made a source of income in any way, no gift of any kind should be taken in return and no other worldly benefit should be taken. Adhan should be given for the sake of Allah, no compensation should be paid for it, religious knowledge should be learned only for the pleasure of Allah and the fragrance of Paradise is also haraam for anyone who has learnt it to make a living.

All these things have reached us only through the Prophet. Can it be imagined that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) would speak against it? This command of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) will be accepted in the same way that he himself has acted on it. But who can be more obedient to the command of Allah in Surah Al-An’am verse 90 than the Prophet himself?

اُولٰٓىِٕكَ الَّذِيْنَ هَدَى اللّٰهُ فَبِهُدٰىهُمُ اقْتَدِهْ١ؕ قُلْ لَّاۤ اَسْـَٔلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ اَجْرًا١ؕ اِنْ هُوَ اِلَّا ذِكْرٰى لِلْعٰلَمِيْنَؒ۰۰۹۰

[الأنعام: 90]

“Those are the ones whom Allah has guided, so from their guidance take an example. Say, “I ask of you for this message no reward. It is not but a reminder for the worlds.”

In Surah Al-Ahzab, Allah Ta’ala says:

لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِيْ رَسُوْلِ اللّٰهِ اُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُوا اللّٰهَ وَ الْيَوْمَ الْاٰخِرَ وَ ذَكَرَ اللّٰهَ كَثِيْرًاؕ۰۰۲۱

 [الأحزاب: 21]

“And for you is the best example in the life of the Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ), for everyone who hopes for the Hereafter and the Last Day, and remembers Allah frequently.”

Let these scholars of the sect now decide which people they belong to.  If they believe in the meeting with Allah and the coming of the Hour, then they must follow the way of the Prophet.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said,The Book of Allaah is the most deserving of all that you are paid. !

But he did not reward any companion who was in poverty, misery and poverty for leading the salat, for calling adhan or teaching the Qur’an.

Is this pattern of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) not worthy enough to be followed?

How is it possible that even the Companions did not understand the meaning of this sentence and instead of earning the world from religion by receiving wages, they were busy buying the Hereafter!  But if someone understood the secret of this ayat and the order of the Prophet, these are the sectarian scholars with "ocean and mountain of knowledge"!

According to the Qur’an and Hadith, what is clear from this sentence is that the best thing to earn a reward is the Book of Allah. What a wonderful reward he has prepared for those who make their beliefs and practice them, which will be found in the Hereafter. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

اللَّهُمَّ لَا عَيْشَ إِلَّا عَيْشُ الْآخِرَهْ

( بخاری ، کتاب الجہاد و السیر ، بَابُ البَيْعَةِ فِي الحَرْبِ أَنْ لاَ يَفِرُّوا، وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ: عَلَى المَوْتِ )

“O Allah, there is no life but the life of the Hereafter.”

The reward that comes from this book in the world is that it makes those who follow this book “respected” like the Prophet said:

اِنَّ اﷲَ یَرْفَعُ بِھٰذَا الْکِتَابِ اَقْوَامًا وَّ یَضَعُ بِہٖ اٰ خَرِیْنَ
(مسلم: کتاب صلوٰۃ المسافرين ،باب فضل من یقوم بالقرآن۔۔۔)


“By this Book, Allah would elevates some peoples and degrade others”

The reward that is given to the Qur’an in this world is that Allah Ta’ala elevates the people who read it and follow it, and the nations who do not act according to it, are punished with humiliation and disgrace like the one faced by this kalima reciter ummah these days. Therefore, justifying wages on religious matters is merely a form of ignorance and slandering over the truth of Qur’an and Sunnah. The behavior of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions negates the prevalent understanding and fabrication by the sectarian ulema.

If the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) meant by this sentence to take a worldly reward from the Qur’an نعوذُ باللہ, then all of them together should present the authentic hadiths in which it is proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave a companion a salary, wage, scholarship or gift.

Praise be to Allah, Until the Day of Resurrection, these people will not be able to present a single hadeeth which proves that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) gave a reward or a gift to anyone on the Book of Allah. May Allah guide them to consider what Allah has forbidden as haraam.

After presenting the arguments of the Book of Allah in the previous parts, let us now talk about the following hadith:

Solemnizing Marriage on the Memorized Quran:

Another hadith is used as a shield to justify one’s haraam earnings. See:

عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، أَنَّ امْرَأَةً جَاءَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَقَالَتْ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ جِئْتُ لِأَهَبَ لَكَ نَفْسِي، فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَصَعَّدَ النَّظَرَ إِلَيْهَا وَصَوَّبَهُ، ثُمَّ طَأْطَأَ رَأْسَهُ، فَلَمَّا رَأَتِ المَرْأَةُ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَقْضِ فِيهَا شَيْئًا جَلَسَتْ، فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ، فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَكَ بِهَا حَاجَةٌ فَزَوِّجْنِيهَا، فَقَالَ: هَلْ عِنْدَكَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ؟ فَقَالَ: لاَ وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، قَالَ: اذْهَبْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَانْظُرْ هَلْ تَجِدُ شَيْئًا؟ فَذَهَبَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فَقَالَ: لاَ وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا وَجَدْتُ شَيْئًا، قَالَ:انْظُرْ وَلَوْ خَاتَمًا مِنْ حَدِيدٍ» فَذَهَبَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ، فَقَالَ: لاَ وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَلاَ خَاتَمًا مِنْ حَدِيدٍ، وَلَكِنْ هَذَا إِزَارِي – قَالَ سَهْلٌ: مَا لَهُ رِدَاءٌ – فَلَهَا نِصْفُهُ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَا تَصْنَعُ بِإِزَارِكَ، إِنْ لَبِسْتَهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهَا مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ، وَإِنْ لَبِسَتْهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْكَ شَيْءٌ» فَجَلَسَ الرَّجُلُ حَتَّى طَالَ مَجْلِسُهُ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَرَآهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مُوَلِّيًا، فَأَمَرَ بِهِ فَدُعِيَ، فَلَمَّا جَاءَ قَالَ: مَاذَا مَعَكَ مِنَ القُرْآنِ؟ قَالَ: مَعِي سُورَةُ كَذَا، وَسُورَةُ كَذَا، وَسُورَةُ كَذَا – [ص:193] عَدَّهَا – قَالَ: أَتَقْرَؤُهُنَّ عَنْ ظَهْرِ قَلْبِكَ؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ، قَالَ: اذْهَبْ فَقَدْ مَلَّكْتُكَهَا بِمَا مَعَكَ مِنَ القُرْآنِ

( بخاری، کتاب فضائل القرآن ، بَابُ القِرَاءَةِ عَنْ ظَهْرِ القَلْبِ )

Sahl ibn Sa’d narrates a lady came to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! I have come to you to offer myself to you.” He raised his eyes and looked at her and then lowered his head. When the lady saw that he did not make any decision, she sat down. On that, a man from his companions got up and said. “O Allah’s Apostle! If you are not in need of this woman, then marry her to me.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Do you have anything to offer her?” He replied. “No, by Allah, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)!” The Prophet (ﷺ) said to him, “Go to your family and see if you can find something.’ The man went and returned, saying, “No, by Allah, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! I have not found anything.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Try to find something, even if it is an iron ring.” He went again and returned, saying, “No, by Allah, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), not even an iron ring, but I have this waist sheet of mine.” Sahl () said, Not even (upper) sheet to give half of it to her. So Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, ”What would she do with your waist sheet? If you wear it, she will have nothing of it over her body, and if she wears it, you will have nothing over your body.” So that man sat for a long period and then got up, and Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saw him going away, so he ordered somebody to call him. When he came, the Prophet (ﷺ) asked him, ” How much of the Qur’an do you know?” He replied, “I know such Surat and such Surat and such Surat,” and went on counting it, The Prophet (ﷺ) asked him, “Can you recite it by heart?” he replied, “Yes.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Go, I have married this lady to you for the amount of the Qur’an you know by heart.”

Read this hadeeth carefully again and again. Does it give any justification for taking money on religious matters?

It was a special occasion that this Companion had nothing to offer as mehr to this woman. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him:

هَلْ عِنْدَکَ مِنْ شَيْئٍ

Do you have anything

He replied :

لَا وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ

Nothing By Allah, O Allah’s Messenger

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

اذْهَبْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَانْظُرْ هَلْ تَجِدُ شَيْئًا؟

Go home and see if you can find something

He went home and came back and said:

لاَ وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا وَجَدْتُ شَيْئًا

O the Messenger of Allah By Allah, I did not find anything

قَالَ: انْظُرْ وَلَوْ خَاتَمًا مِنْ حَدِيدٍ» فَذَهَبَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ، فَقَالَ: لاَ وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَلاَ خَاتَمًا مِنْ حَدِيدٍ، وَلَكِنْ هَذَا إِزَارِي – قَالَ سَهْلٌ: مَا لَهُ رِدَاءٌ – فَلَهَا نِصْفُهُ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَا تَصْنَعُ بِإِزَارِكَ، إِنْ لَبِسْتَهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهَا مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ، وَإِنْ لَبِسَتْهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْكَ شَيْءٌ

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Try to find something, even if it is an iron ring.” He went again and returned, saying, “No, by Allah, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), not even an iron ring, but I have this waist sheet of mine.” Sahl  said, Not even (upper) sheet to give half of it to her.  So Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, ”What would she do with your waist sheet? If you wear it, she will have nothing of it over her body, and if she wears it, you will have nothing over your body.”

These were the circumstances in which the Companion could not find even an iron ring to give to the woman as mehr. Now the Companion became sad and sat quietly and then got up and started to leave. In such a state the Prophet stopped him and asked:

مَاذَا مَعَكَ مِنَ القُرْآنِ؟

What do you have from Qur’an

 قَالَ: مَعِي سُورَةُ كَذَا، وَسُورَةُ كَذَا، وَسُورَةُ كَذَا – عَدَّهَا –

He replied, “I have so-and-so sura, so and so sura, so and so sura…”  He counted them.

 قَالَ: أَتَقْرَؤُهُنَّ عَنْ ظَهْرِ قَلْبِكَ؟

He said, “Do you remember them by heart?”

قَالَ: نَعَمْ

He replied yes!

 قَالَ: اذْهَبْ فَقَدْ مَلَّكْتُكَهَا بِمَا مَعَكَ مِنَ القُرْآنِ

He said, “Go, I have made you her owner with what you have from the Holy Qur’an.”

(In another narration wordings are ‘I have done her nikah with you)

Allegation on Umar ( رضی اللہ عنہ) for paying wages for religious matters:

Umar ( رضی اللہ عنہ) is accused of paying wages in the form of scholarships for religious affairs. It is as if they are accusing him of doing what the Book of Allah called the fire of Hell, which the Prophet forbade, and what Abu Bakr Siddiq did not do, that is, what was not in Islam at all. Didn’t

the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say about Umar that the Shaytaan leaves the path on which Umar walks and goes to the other side. But look at the fact that this was said without any evidence about such a person. There is no such thing in any book of hadith but there is mention of the scholarships that Umar gave to every Muslim.

The fact is that in the time of Umar, there were large number of conquests, innumerable areas of the infidels were conquered and brought under the Islamic state and the booty and other periods of income were piled up in the Prophet’s Mosque. And Umar was so determined to distribute all this wealth throughout the kingdom that he used to say:

لَوْلَا آخِرُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مَا فَتَحْتُ قَرْيَةً إِلَّا قَسَمْتُهَا بَيْنَ أَهْلِهَا کَمَا قَسَمَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خَيْبَرَ

( بخاري كتاب فرض الخمس باب الْغَنِيمَةُ لِمَنْ شَهِدَ الْوَقْعَةَ)

Umar said, “Were it not for those Muslims who have not come to existence yet, I would have distributed (the land of) every town I conquer among the fighters as the Prophet (ﷺ) distributed the land of Khaibar.”

The Prophet (ﷺ) had set different criteria for the distribution of this booty among the people, as can be seen from the following traditions.

كَانَ عَطَاءُ الْبَدْرِيِّينَ خَمْسَةَ آلَافٍ , خَمْسَةَ آلَافٍ ، وَقَالَ عُمَرُ :    لَأُفَضِّلَنَّهُمْ عَلَى مَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ    .

( بخاری، کتاب المغازی )

The (annual) stipend of the Companions who fought the Battle of Badr was five thousand each. Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I will give them superiority over those who came later than them.

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، قَالَ : كَانَ فَرَضَ لِلْمُهَاجِرِينَ الْأَوَّلِينَ أَرْبَعَةَ آلَافٍ فِي أَرْبَعَةٍ , وَفَرَضَ لِابْنِ عُمَرَ ثَلَاثَةَ آلَافٍ وَخَمْسَ مِائَةٍ ، فَقِيلَ لَهُ : هُوَ مِنْ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ فَلِمَ نَقَصْتَهُ مِنْ أَرْبَعَةِ آلَافٍ ، فَقَالَ : إِنَّمَا هَاجَرَ بِهِ أَبَوَاهُ ، يَقُولُ : لَيْسَ هُوَ كَمَنْ هَاجَرَ بِنَفْسِهِ    .

( بخاری، کتاب المناقب الانصار ، بَابُ هِجْرَةِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَأَصْحَابِهِ إِلَى المَدِينَةِ )

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: He (‘Umar) fixed the scholarship of all the foremost Muhajireen (during his caliphate) in four thousand each in four installments, but the scholarship of ‘Abdullah ibn’ Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) was three and a half in four installments. He was asked that Abdullah bin Umar was one of the foremost Muhajireen, then why do you give them less than four thousand? So Umar said that he was brought here by his parents. Therefore, they cannot be equal to the refugees who migrated themselves.”

On one occasion, Umar said:

لَئِنْ سَلَّمَنِي اللَّهُ، لَأَدَعَنَّ أَرَامِلَ أَهْلِ العِرَاقِ لاَ يَحْتَجْنَ إِلَى رَجُلٍ بَعْدِي أَبَدًا

( بخاری،  کتاب اصحاب النبی ﷺ، بَابُ قِصَّةِ البَيْعَةِ، وَالِاتِّفَاقِ عَلَى عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ وَفِيهِ مَقْتَلُ عُمَرَ بْنِ الخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا )

“If Allah Almighty keeps me safe, I will make the widows of the Iraqis so happy that they will never be in need of any man after me.”

عن ابن عمر قال: قدمت رفقة من التجار، فنزلوا المصلى، فقال عمر لعبد الرحمن بن عوف: هل لك أن نحرسهم الليلة من السرق فباتا يحرسانهم، ويصليان ما كتب الله لهما فسمع عمر بكاء صبى فتوجه نحوه، فقال لأمه: اتقى الله وأحسنى إلى صبيك، ثم عاد إلى مكانه فسمع بكاءه، فعاد إلى أمه، فقال لها: مثل ذلك، ثم عاد إلى مكانه، فلما كان فى آخر الليل سمع بكاءه، فأتى أمه، فقال: ويحك إنى لأراك أم سوء، مالى أرى ابنك لا يقر منذ الليلة قالت: يا عبد الله قد أبرمتنى منذ الليلة إنى أريغه عن الفطام فيأبى، قال: ولم قالت: لأن عمر لا يفرض إلا للفطيم، قال: وكم له قالت: كذا وكذا شهرا، قال: ويحك لا تعجليه، فصلى الفجر وما يستبين الناس قراءته من غلبة البكاء فلما سلم قال: يا بؤسا لعمر كم قتل من أولاد المسلمين، ثم أمر مناديا فنادى ألا لا تعجلوا صبيانكم عن الفطام، فإنا نفرض لكل مولود فى الإسلام وكتب بذلك إلى الآفاق: إنا

( جامع  الاحادیث ،  مسند العشرہ ،  مسند  عمر بن الخطاب ؓ )

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Some friends from trade came and stayed in the prayer ground. ‘Umar said to ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn’ Awf: What do you think? Should we watch over them tonight to protect them from theft? So the two of them spent the night guarding him and praying as Allah had ordained for them. At that time Umar heard the crying of a child and turned to him and said to his mother: ‘That you should fear Allah and deal kindly with your child’ and returned, then heard the crying of the child again, he returned to her and say the same to her, and return to his place. At the end of the night, when he heard the baby crying again, he came back to his mother and said, “You are doomed. I don’t think you are a good mother. What’s the matter that your baby has been restless all night?” She said: O servant of Allah! I am worried about the night because I want to wean him and he refuses. Umar asked why? She said that because Umar sets a stipend for the child whose milk has been weaned, then he asked how much it will be? The woman said that this much monthly. He said, “Do not be hasty.” Then he led the Fajr prayer but at that time (children) were crying that people could not hear his voice clearly. So when he said the salutation (at the end of the salat), he said: Woe to you, Umar, that you killed the children of the Muslims! And then he asked the announcer to announce that do not hurry up in weaning your children. We now institute scholarship for every new born Muslim child.  This order was conveyed in all the Islamic states that the stipend of every child born to the Muslims will be fixed. (Ibn Sa’d and Abu Ubaid fi Al-Amwaal)

The abovementioned narration proves that the stipend for every new born child was also established.

عن أبي قبيل  قال: كان الناس في زمن عمر بن الخطاب إذا ولد المولد فرض له في عشرة، فإذا بلغ أن يفرض ألحق به. أبو عبيد

( کنز العمال، حرف جیم ، باب احکام الجھاد، الأرزاق والعطايا )

Abu Qabeel says that in the time of Umar, when a child was born, he was given a stipend of up to ten and when he became an adult, he was given an adult stipend. (Abu Obaid)

It is clear from the above narrations that the basis of the scholarships given by Umar was not for leading the salat, teaching of the Qur’an or for the muazzin, but even for the new born baby. Those who falsely accuse Umar, should have narrated a single hadith in which any imam, muazzin or teacher was paid on the basis of his work. Moreover, this Imam who used to lead the salat that is Umar, said to his son when he was fatally injured:

يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، انْظُرْ مَا عَلَيَّ مِنَ الدَّيْنِ، فَحَسَبُوهُ فَوَجَدُوهُ سِتَّةً وَثَمَانِينَ أَلْفًا أَوْ نَحْوَهُ، قَالَ: إِنْ وَفَى لَهُ، مَالُ آلِ عُمَرَ فَأَدِّهِ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ، وَإِلَّا فَسَلْ فِي بَنِي عَدِيِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ، فَإِنْ لَمْ تَفِ أَمْوَالُهُمْ فَسَلْ فِي قُرَيْشٍ، وَلاَ تَعْدُهُمْ إِلَى غَيْرِهِمْ

( بخاری،  کتاب اصحاب النبی ﷺ، بَابُ قِصَّةِ البَيْعَةِ، وَالِاتِّفَاقِ عَلَى عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ وَفِيهِ مَقْتَلُ عُمَرَ بْنِ الخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا )

“O `Abdullah bin `Umar! See how much I am in debt to others.” When the debt was checked, it amounted to approximately eighty-six thousand. `Umar said, “If the property of `Umar’s family covers the debt, then pay the debt thereof; otherwise request it from Bani `Adi bin Ka`b, and if that too is not sufficient, ask for it from Quraish tribe, and do not ask for it from anyone else,…”

Allahu Akbar! This was the case with the caliph of such a large empire.

They also say:

انی انزلت مال اﷲ منی بمنزلہ مال الیتیم فان استغینت عففت عنہ وان افتقرت اکلت بالمعروف 


(طبقات لابن سعد: جز ۱۰،صفحہ ۲۷۶)


‘I have kept my right in the property of Allah (the state treasury) as the guardian of the orphan has in the property of the orphan. If I am rich, I will not take any of it and, in case of need, I will take it in a pious way.’

Those who make the worst accusations against Umar, should learn how to live by his exemplary life.  May Allah guide such ulema to do this religious work not for worldly gain but for the pleasure of Allah.