The Deobandi Sect of Sunnis believe that:
“The part of the earth which is touched by the blessed limbs of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) is absolutely most supreme, even to the extent that it is superior to the Ka’ba and the Throne and the Chair (of Allah).”
I – The declared belief of Deobandi Sunnis
The abovementioned statement is written in these words clarifying Deobandi beliefs in their book called ‘اَلْمُھَنَّدُ عَلَی الْمُفَنَّدِ’ ‘al-muhannad ‘ala al-mufannad’ as a reply to the book by Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi called ‘حُسّامُ الحَرَمَیْن علی منحر الکفر والمین’ ‘Hassam ul harmain ‘ala manharil Kufr walmain’. The Deobandi book of beliefs has been endorsed and stamped by Deobandi stalwart scholars and founders of this school of thought which includes Khalil Ahmed Saharanpuri (author of this book), Ashraf Ali Thanvi, Mufti Kifayatullah, and scores of others.
Whoever has the slightest respect for Allah Ta’ala in his heart will immediately reject this false belief. But there is no dignity of the Creator in the hearts of these sectarian ulema who make loud claims of monotheism. Are these people unfamiliar with this command of Allah?
مَالَکُمْ لاَ تَرْجُوْنَ لِلَّه وَقَارًا
What is [the matter] with you that you do not attribute to Allah [due] grandeur
In this belief, while reducing the greatness and exaltation of the Allah Ta’ala, the Prophet (ﷺ) is given precedence over Him in clear words. The slave is presented as more respectable than Allah, the creature is superior to his Creator. What is attributed to the Prophet (ﷺ) is considered superior to what is attributed to Allah Ta’ala.
II – The dignified status of Ka’ba
However, what to talk of anything being superior to Allah, there is nothing at all which could be even equated with Him. And this is the demand of the belief of Unicity and Uniqueness of Allah Ta’ala:
لِلَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُؤْمِنُوۡنَ بِالۡاٰخِرَۃِ مَثَلُ السَّوْءِ ۚ وَ لِلہِ الْمَثَلُ الۡاَعْلٰی ؕ وَہُوَ الْعَزِیۡزُ الْحَکِیۡمُ
For those who do not believe in the Hereafter is the example of evil; and for Allah is the highest example. And He is Exalted in Might, the Wise.
لَمْ یَکُنْ لَّہٗ کُفُوًا اَحَدٌ
Nor is there to Him any single equivalent
…ھَلْ تَعْلَمُ لَہ’ سَمِیًّا
… Do you know of any similarity to Him?
…لَیۡسَ کَمِثْلِہٖ شَیۡءٌ ۚ
… There is nothing like Him,
Now see the statement of Allah Ta’ala regarding the value of the Ka’ba:
اِنَّ اَوَّلَ بَیْتٍ وُّضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِیْ بِبَکَّۃَ مُبٰرَکاً وَّ ھُدًی لِّلْعٰلَمِیْنَ
(آل عمران :96)
Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah – blessed and a guidance for the worlds
جَعَلَ اللہُ الْکَعْبَۃَ الْبَیْتَ الْحَرَامَ قِیٰمًا لِّلنَّاسِ …
Allah has made Ka’ba, the Sacred House, for standing (during prayer) of the people …
This is the house of honor and dignity which Adam () built initially, then the Prophet’s (ﷺ) great ancestors Ibrahim and Ismail () built it. This is the house facing which the duty of Salat was ordered to be performed, and facing towards it became mandatory condition for acceptance of Salat. This is the building without tawaf (circumambulation) of which, the noble worship like Hajj is not accepted.
Our Prophet () and other Prophets () circumambulated it. Where one salat (prayer) offered is better (in reward) than hundred salat in the Prophet’s Mosque and more than one hundred thousand salat of other mosques. But in the eyes of the cultists (firqua ulema), it probably doesn’t matter. The Ka’ba is one of the most sacred places on the earth whose desecration is disbelief and reverence is piety.
یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تُحِلُّوۡا شَعَآئِرَ اللہِ …
O ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the symbols of Allah, …
وَ مَنْ یُّعَظِّمْ شَعَآئِرَ اللہِ فَاِ نَّھَا مِنْ تَقْوَی الْقُلُوْبِ
And whoever honors the symbols of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.
In the light of the above ayaat and ahadiths, is it not desecrating and downplaying the status of Ka’ba by propagating this belief that the grave of the Prophet () is superior to the Ka’ba?
III – The exalted status of Allah Ta’ala and His Throne
The Deobandi founders and other ulema have clearly described that the dust of the Prophet’s grave is superior to the Throne of Allah Ta’ala (may Allah forgive us). The Quran describes the Throne of Allah as:
اِنَّ رَبَّکُمُ اللہُ الَّذِیْ خَلَقَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضَ فِیْ سِتَّۃِ اَیَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوٰی عَلَی الْعَرْشِ
(الاعراف : 54/یونس :3)
Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne.
Similar contents, highlighting the sanctity of Allah’s throne, are found elsewhere in the Quran:
اَلرَّحْمٰنُ عَلَی الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوٰی
The Most Merciful [who is] established above the Throne.
لَآ اِلٰہَ اِلاَّ ھُوَ ج رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْکَرِیْمِ
… there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.
…وَھُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِیْمِ
“… and He is the Lord of the Great Throne.”
لَوْکَانَ فِیْھِمَآ اٰلِھَۃٌ اِلاَّ اللہُ لَفَسَدَتَا ج فَسُبْحٰنَ اللہِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ عَمَّا یَصِفُوْنَ
Had there been within both (the heavens and earth) gods besides Allah, they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they ascribe (unto Him).
Apart from these, the Quran also mentions in many places the greatness, honor, dignity, respect, glory and reverence of the Divine Throne.
The virtue of the Divine Throne is also evident from the narration brought by Bukhari that on the day when there will be no shade except the shade of the Throne, then there will be only seven kinds of persons under it.
The Throne is the place where the Creator and Owner of the whole universe is established. What a greatness of the throne, but the Deobandis declare that the soil of the tomb of the Prophet is superior to the Throne of Allah.
No part of the earth, even if it is the tomb of the Prophet (ﷺ), can have any competition with the Throne, let alone declaring it to be superior.
III – The desecration of Allah’s Chair
Let us now see the status of the Chair which has been describes in Ayat-ul-Kursi:
وَسِعَ کُرْسِیُّہُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالَاَرْضَ ج وَلاَیَئُوْدُہٗ حِفْظُھُمَا ج
His chair extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not.
Al-Kursi, the Chair, does not mean a furniture with four legs, because there is no finite material body where Allah can fit in that limited space. May Allah forgive us.
We cannot even comprehend the concept of His chair and Him being established there. The “chair” means the seat together with Him being established, the command, control, authority, power and order of the whole universe and whole of it. For the earth and the heavens, and all that is between them, are ruled by the One and the Only Allah Ta’ala. He alone is running their systems; every little or big thing and creature in this universe is subservient to His command.
But according to these Deobandi ulema, the grave of the Prophet () is superior to this infinite authority (the chair) of Allah Ta’ala. In this way, by making the attributes of others superior to the attributes of Allah Ta’ala, they have raised the level of the creatures higher than the Creator and the servants higher than the Master. This is clearly a blasphemous belief.