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Is Sectarianism Kufr and Shirk?

بسم اللہ الرحمٰن الرحیم

إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ، نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، أَمَّا بَعْدُ

ٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ حَقَّ تُقٰتِهٖ وَ لَا تَمُوْتُنَّ اِلَّا وَ اَنْتُمْ مُّسْلِمُوْنَ۰۰۱۰۲وَ اعْتَصِمُوْا بِحَبْلِ اللّٰهِ جَمِيْعًا وَّ لَا تَفَرَّقُوْا ۔ ۔ ۔

 [آل عمران: 102-103]

O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him. And hold firmly to the rope of Allah and do not be divided.

In these verses, Allah Almighty has commanded the believers to do three things.

* That you should not die in such a state that you are not a Muslim (obedient) to Allah. It means your whole life, your recognition should be Muslim, and your action must be obedient/submissive.

* That you must hold on to the rope of Allah, i.e. the Quran, live your life according to the principles and laws stated in the Quran and explained in the form of authentic hadiths. It means that your belief and actions must be by the Qur’an.

* The third commandment is that you should not divide into sects.

The sect derives from the word “difference”, which means to separate/split. In other words, a sect belongs to a group of individuals that disputes and segregate itself from the Jammat (assemblage of believer). To become sectarian means to separate, divide, split. Why? a sect is formed, Allah says:

وَ لَا تَكُوْنُوْا كَالَّذِيْنَ تَفَرَّقُوْا وَ اخْتَلَفُوْا مِنْۢ بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنٰتُ١ؕ وَ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيْمٌۙ۰۰۱۰۵

 [آل عمران: 105]

And do not be like those who split ˹into sects˺ and differed after clear proofs had come to them. It is they who will suffer a tremendous punishment.

وَ مَا تَفَرَّقُوْۤا اِلَّا مِنْۢ بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًۢا بَيْنَهُمْ

 [الشورى: 14]

They did not split ˹into sects˺ out of mutual envy until knowledge came to them…. 

It is evident that splitting into sects was not out of ignorance, but due to their mutual indifferences and stubbornness, even though after the knowledge came, they divided into sects. It further states in the Quran.

كَانَ النَّاسُ اُمَّةً وَّاحِدَةً١۫ فَبَعَثَ اللّٰهُ النَّبِيّٖنَ مُبَشِّرِيْنَ وَ مُنْذِرِيْنَ١۪ وَ اَنْزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتٰبَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيْمَا اخْتَلَفُوْا فِيْهِ١ؕ وَ مَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيْهِ اِلَّا الَّذِيْنَ اُوْتُوْهُ مِنْۢ بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنٰتُ بَغْيًۢا بَيْنَهُمْ١ۚ فَهَدَى اللّٰهُ الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لِمَا اخْتَلَفُوْا فِيْهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِاِذْنِهٖ١ؕ وَ اللّٰهُ يَهْدِيْ مَنْ يَّشَآءُ اِلٰى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيْمٍ۰۰۲۱۳

[البقرة: 213]

Mankind was [of] one religion [before their deviation]; then Allah sent the prophets as bringers of good tidings and warners and sent down with them the Scripture in truth to judge between the people concerning that in which they differed. And none differed over it [i.e., the Scripture] except those who were given it – after the clear proofs came to them – out of jealous animosity among themselves. And Allah guided those who believed to the truth concerning that over which they had differed, by His permission. And Allah guides whom He wills to a straight path.

It means they differed after clear evidence came. In reality, this difference was with what Allah had revealed. Clear Proof came but, one accepted it, the other denied and disagreed with it, stubbornness occurred due to mutual conflict, they left and became a separate group this is what is called a sect. Those who believed did not disagree with this, meaning they agreed with what Allah revealed, and they kept their belief and acted upon it accordingly.

In the verse of Surah Al-Imran 3:102 Allah Almighty had also commanded:

وَ لَا تَمُوْتُنَّ اِلَّا وَ اَنْتُمْ مُّسْلِمُوْنَ

…and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].

Those who believe in Allah, His Messenger (ﷺ), and the Qur’an and Hadith, Allah has designated them as one nation and a group and has named them “Muslims”.

هُوَ سَمّٰىكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ١ۙ۬ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَ فِيْ هٰذَا

[الحج: 78]

He [i.e., Allah] named you “Muslims” before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation]

It is clear from these verses of the Qur’an that Allah Almighty has given the same name to those who embraced Islam in every era, i.e.  “Muslims” (Muslimeen), the singular of that, is “Muslim”. Allah has commanded: O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

حَدَّثَنَا آدَمُ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ، فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ يُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ يُمَجِّسَانِهِ، كَمَثَلِ الْبَهِيمَةِ تُنْتَجُ الْبَهِيمَةَ، هَلْ تَرَى فِيهَا جَدْعَاءَ ‏”‏‏.

( بخاری، کتاب  الجنائز، بَابُ مَا قِيلَ فِي أَوْلاَدِ المُشْرِكِينَ )

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Every child is born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) and his parents convert him to Judaism or Christianity or Magianism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?”

(Sahih Bukhari, Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The (dead) children of Al-Mushrikun)

Therefore, every child born is Muslim, his parents turn him towards the religion that belongs to them. It happens even now the child is born on Fitrah natural disposition. His parents convert this surrendered believer to Sunni Shia Hanafi Maliki Shafi’i Hanbali Deobandi Barelvi Ahle-Hadith Salafi Aga-Khani, Bohri and the list goes on.

Sectarianism is a form of punishment from Allah:

قُلْ هُوَ الْقَادِرُ عَلٰۤى اَنْ يَّبْعَثَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابًا مِّنْ فَوْقِكُمْ اَوْ مِنْ تَحْتِ اَرْجُلِكُمْ اَوْ يَلْبِسَكُمْ شِيَعًا وَّ يُذِيْقَ بَعْضَكُمْ بَاْسَ بَعْضٍ١ؕ اُنْظُرْ كَيْفَ نُصَرِّفُ الْاٰيٰتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَفْقَهُوْنَ۰۰۶۵

[الأنعام: 65]

Say, “He ˹alone˺ has the power to unleash upon you a torment from above or below you or split you into ˹conflicting˺ factions and make you taste the violence of one another.” See how We vary the signs, so perhaps they will comprehend.

This, what is happening today. The declarers of oath testimony (Kalma/Shahada) divided into sects beheading each other is currently a clear example of the war between Sunnis and Shias in Syria in which Russia has also openly bombed Sunnis. Many incidents in Pakistan occurred places of worship of some sects burnt down, on other occasions, people killed each other. It is the punishment of Allah that the sects taste the violence of one another.

Sectarians have nothing to do with the Prophet (ﷺ):

اِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ فَرَّقُوْا دِيْنَهُمْ وَ كَانُوْا شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِيْ شَيْءٍ١ؕ اِنَّمَاۤ اَمْرُهُمْ اِلَى اللّٰهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوْا يَفْعَلُوْنَ۰۰۱۵۹

[الأنعام: 159]

Indeed, you ˹O Prophet˺ are not responsible whatsoever for those who have divided their faith and split into sects. Their judgment rests only with Allah. And He will inform them of what they used to do.

Allah Almighty said those who belong to sects and divided their religion have nothing to do with the Prophet ﷺ. Think what will happen when such people look forward to seeking intercession from the Prophet ﷺ on the Day of Resurrection. It will announce by Allah that they have nothing to do with the Prophet ﷺ. Remember that the one who has nothing to do with the Prophet ﷺ will not be able to go to Paradise.

Sectarianism is act of polytheism:

مُنِيْبِيْنَ اِلَيْهِ وَ اتَّقُوْهُ وَ اَقِيْمُوا الصَّلٰوةَ وَ لَا تَكُوْنُوْا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَۙ۰۰۳۱مِنَ الَّذِيْنَ فَرَّقُوْا دِيْنَهُمْ وَ كَانُوْا شِيَعًا١ؕ كُلُّ حِزْبٍۭ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُوْنَ۰۰۳۲

[الروم: 31-32]

˹O believers!˺ Always turn to Him ˹in repentance˺, be mindful of Him, and establish prayers. And do not be polytheists—˹like˺ those who have divided their faith and split into sects, each rejoicing in what they have.

It is cleared in the Qur’an and Hadith that whoever dies on polytheism, his forgiveness is not possible with Allah Almighty, Paradise is forbidden for him forever, and his eternal abode is Hell. Allah forgive me for this استغفر اللہ من ذالک

We presented evidence from the Qur’an that sectarianism is a denial of the commandment of Allah Almighty and is an act of polytheism. The people who are part of the sects have nothing to do with the Prophet (ﷺ) peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Now we will present sayings of the Prophet (ﷺ) in regards to this matter.

حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو إِدْرِيسَ الْخَوْلَانِيُّ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنَ الْيَمَانِ يَقُولُ کَانَ النَّاسُ يَسْأَلُونَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ الْخَيْرِ وَکُنْتُ أَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ الشَّرِّ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُدْرِکَنِي

( بخاری ۔ کتاب الفتن ، باب الامر اذالم تکن جماعۃ )

Narrated Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman: The people used to ask Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) about the good but I used to ask him about the evil lest I should be overtaken by them.

 فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا کُنَّا فِي جَاهِلِيَّةٍ وَشَرٍّ فَجَائَنَا اللَّهُ بِهَذَا الْخَيْرِ فَهَلْ بَعْدَ هَذَا الْخَيْرِ مِنْ شَرٍّ

So I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! We were living in ignorance and in an (extremely) worst atmosphere, then Allah brought to us this good (i.e., Islam); will there be any evil after this good?”

 قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَهَلْ بَعْدَ ذَلِکَ الشَّرِّ مِنْ خَيْرٍ

He said, “Yes.” I said, ‘Will there be any good after that evil?”

قَالَ نَعَمْ وَفِيهِ دَخَنٌ قُلْتُ وَمَا دَخَنُهُ قَالَ قَوْمٌ يَهْدُونَ بِغَيْرِ هَدْيِي تَعْرِفُ مِنْهُمْ وَتُنْکِرُ

He replied, “Yes, but it will be tainted (not pure.)” I asked, “What will be its taint?” He replied, “(There will be) some people who will guide others not according to my tradition? You will approve of some of their deeds and disapprove of some others.”

 قُلْتُ فَهَلْ بَعْدَ ذَلِکَ الْخَيْرِ مِنْ شَرٍّ قَالَ نَعَمْ دُعَاةٌ إِلَی أَبْوَابِ جَهَنَّمَ مَنْ أَجَابَهُمْ إِلَيْهَا قَذَفُوهُ فِيهَا

I asked, “Will there be any evil after that good?” He replied, “Yes, (there will be) some people calling at the gates of the (Hell) Fire, and whoever will respond to their call, will be thrown by them into the (Hell) Fire.”

 قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صِفْهُمْ لَنَا فَقَالَ هُمْ مِنْ جِلْدَتِنَا وَيَتَکَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَتِنَا

I said, “O Allah s Apostle! Will you describe them to us?” He said, “They will be from our own people and will speak our language.”

 قُلْتُ فَمَا تَأْمُرُنِي إِنْ أَدْرَکَنِي ذَلِکَ قَالَ تَلْزَمُ جَمَاعَةَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِمَامَهُمْ

I said, “What do you order me to do if such a state should take place in my life?” He said, “Stick to the group of Muslims and their Imam.”

قُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَکُنْ لَهُمْ جَمَاعَةٌ وَلَا إِمَامٌ

I said, “If there is neither a group of Muslims nor an Imam?”

 قَالَ فَاعْتَزِلْ تِلْکَ الْفِرَقَ کُلَّهَا وَلَوْ أَنْ تَعَضَّ بِأَصْلِ شَجَرَةٍ حَتَّی يُدْرِکَکَ الْمَوْتُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَی ذَلِکَ

He said, “Then turn away from all those sects even if you were to bite (eat) the roots of a tree till death overtakes you while you are in that state.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Afflictions and the End of the World, Chapter: If there is no righteous group)

It is evident from this hadith that there will be a time of evil in which there will be people who will be from our religion and will seem to be talking about religion like us, but whoever responds to their calls will lead them to hell. The Prophet (ﷺ) commanded his ummah to connect to the Jamaat al-Muslimeen in such conditions, stick to the group and their Imam who are Muslims. It is not the group name but attribution and is the party of Muslims. And when the companion asked: O Prophet (ﷺ), what should they do if there is no such a party and no such an Imam? He said, “Then turn away from all those sects even if you were to bite (eat) the roots of a tree till death overtakes you while you are in that state.”

لَتَتَّبِعُنَّ سَنَنَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِکُمْ شِبْرًا بِشِبْرٍ وَذِرَاعًا بِذِرَاعٍ حَتَّی لَوْ دَخَلُوا فِي جُحْرِ ضَبٍّ لَاتَّبَعْتُمُوهُمْ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ آلْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَی قَالَ فَمَنْ

(  بخاری ، کتاب الاحادیث الانبیاء ، بَابُ مَا ذُكِرَ عَنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ )

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “You will follow the wrong ways, of your predecessors so completely and literally that if they should go into the hole of a mastigure, you too will go there.” We said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Do you mean the Jews and the Christians?” He replied, “Whom else?” (Meaning, of course, the Jews and the Christians.)

(Sahih Bukhari, Prophets, Chapter: What has been said about Bani Israel)

إِنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ افْتَرَقَتْ عَلَى إِحْدَى وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً، وَإِنَّ أُمَّتِي سَتَفْتَرِقُ عَلَى ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً، كُلُّهَا فِي النَّارِ، إِلَّا وَاحِدَةً وَهِيَ: الْجَمَاعَةُ

It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

‘The Children of Israel split into seventy-one sects, and my nation will split into seventy-two, all of which will be in Hell apart from one, which is the Jammat (Assemblage of correct believer).”

(Sunan Ibn Majah, Tribulations, Chapter: The division of nations)

This what Allah has forbidden in Surah Al-Rum: And do not be polytheists وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ in the very next verse one of the traits of polytheist mentioned as said: ˹like˺ those who have divided their faith and split into sects  مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ فَرَّقُواْ دِينَهُمۡ وَكَانُواْ شِيَعٗاۖ’ This means, this is the very same polytheistic act that the Jews and the Christians performed, so, whosoever adopts this practice will also become one of the polytheists. It declared in the hadith that all of them will go to hell, except one. When it inquired about that particular one, said Al Jammat, meaning the group of Muslims. As the Prophet (ﷺ) commanded, affiliate with the Jammat of Muslims and its Imam, meaning during the time of sectarianism, the only ‘assemblage of Muslims’ will be the only group who will enter Paradise, called Al Jammat (the group). The group whose beliefs and deeds are only according to the commands of Allah and His Messenger. The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

لاَ يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللَّهِ، لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ، وَلاَ مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ، حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَهُمْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ

( بخاری کتاب المناقب )

Narrated Muawiya: I heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, “A group of people amongst my followers will remain obedient to Allah’s orders and they will not be harmed by anyone who will not help them or who will oppose them, till Allah’s Order (the Last Day) comes upon them while they are still on the right path.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (ﷺ) and his Companions, 3641)

It means, when this nation (ummah) encounters division, there will be a separate group amidst them which will always establish upon the commandments of Allah, i.e. the Qur’an and authentic hadiths until the day of judgement establish. It confirms that approaching the Day of retribution, there always remain a group on this planet who will determine upon the correct belief. There is no detail of whereabout of this group and wherein which era. Mu’adh ؓ  used to deem this group in Syria that means it is not a consistent traditional group that will only be in Makkah or Madinah, but it can be anywhere around the globe.

Earlier, we gave shreds of evidence from the Qur’an that sectarianism is a denial of Allah’s orders that is (kufr) disbelief. In Surah Rome verse 31-32, Allah Almighty has spoken of this as shirk. Allah Almighty named the believers “Muslims” and announced that death should not come to you except that you remain to be a Muslim. People invented sects afterwards and called by various names and labelled themselves differently, such as Shia, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’i and Hanbali sects were formed in the beginning, then further divided into more sects. In the Hanafis sect Deobandis and Barelvis and then presently within Deobandis came Hayati and Mumati and subdivided further on, same happened with Bralevis. A sect named Ahl-e-Hadith formed, today there are many divisions within that sect all call themselves Ahl-e-Hadith. They dismissed the commandments of Allah but obeyed the scholars and muftis of their respective sect and factions and the “Muslims” that Allah named them they called by different names for themselves alongside the name Muslims and that is what Allah decreed it as shirk..

اِتَّخَذُوْۤا اَحْبَارَهُمْ وَ رُهْبَانَهُمْ اَرْبَابًا مِّنْ دُوْنِ اللّٰهِ وَ الْمَسِيْحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ١ۚ وَ مَاۤ اُمِرُوْۤا اِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوْۤا اِلٰهًا وَّاحِدًا١ۚ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ١ؕ سُبْحٰنَهٗ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُوْنَ۰۰۳۱

[التوبة: 31]

They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah, and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary.And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.

 (Surah At-Tawbah 31)

In Surah Ash-Shura, Allah says:

اَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكٰٓؤُا شَرَعُوْا لَهُمْ مِّنَ الدِّيْنِ مَا لَمْ يَاْذَنْۢ بِهِ اللّٰهُ١ؕ وَ لَوْ لَا كَلِمَةُ الْفَصْلِ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ١ؕ وَ اِنَّ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ۰۰۲

 [الشورى: 21]

Or have they partners [i.e., other deities] who have ordained for them a religion to which Allah has not consented? But if not for the decisive word, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, the wrongdoers will have a painful punishment. 

(Surah Ash-Shuraa 21)

What Allah Almighty said in the Qur’an is that they made their scholars and monks their lords. The fact is that the word of the Muftis from these sects obeyed instead of the word of Allah. Allah says

وَ مَثَلُ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا كَمَثَلِ الَّذِيْ يَنْعِقُ بِمَا لَا يَسْمَعُ اِلَّا دُعَآءً وَّ نِدَآءً١ؕ صُمٌّۢ بُكْمٌ عُمْيٌ فَهُمْ لَا يَعْقِلُوْنَ۰۰۱۷۱

[البقرة: 171]

The example of (calling) those who disbelieve is such as someone is shouting at an animal that hears nothing but a call and cry. They are deaf, dumb and blind, so they do not understand. 

(Surah Al-Baqarah 171)

Today the identical approach has been adopted by the people who are associated with sects, whatever scholar of their sect say they follow it blindly, no one questioned why have they given us these names Ahl-e-hadith, Salafi, Ashati Chakralvi, Allah has named believers Muslims, so whereby these so-called names came? The Muftis and scholars of Ahl-e-Hadith sect say: “Ahl al-Hadith” is (safati) an attributive name, they give evidence that in the Qur’an and Hadith there are other names besides Muslim such as Muhajir, Ansar, Ashab-al-Safa, Ahl al-Badr, Ahl-e-Uhud, Mujahideen, Hezbollah, Mumineen, Ahl-ul-Quran, etc.

Explanation:

Mujahideen:

Mujahideen is not the name of any other group of Muslims but it is the attribute of Muslims, the meaning of (jihad) struggle implies to those who strive, fight in the way of Allah, all the Companionsؓ were Mujahids, this is not a separate sect or a party. Was there any Companion who added titles to their name such as Mujahid or Sipah-e-Allah, Sipah-e-Islam, Sipah-e-Muhammad, how someone calls themselves Ahl-e-Hadith after this evidence?

Muhajir/Emigrants:

Emigrants are those who after embracing Islam left their homes and migrated in the way of Allah due to hardships and sufferings atrocities. It was neither a party nor a special group. This exodus occurred on different occasions. Allah the Almighty has called these people Muhajir whereas none of them entitled Muhajir with their names or designated themselves by this title.

Ansar:

Ansar are those people who hosted these emigrants, it was one of their acts because of this action, they were called “Ansar”. But there is no proof that any companion labelled this title to their names. As today outside at the different places of worship, people addressed themselves by “Maslak Ahle Hadith”, “Maslak Barelvi” or any other. Were the masjids of “Ansar” severed likewise

Hizbu Allah:

In Surah Al-Mujadilah, Allah says:

لَا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُّؤْمِنُوْنَ بِاللّٰهِ وَ الْيَوْمِ الْاٰخِرِ يُوَآدُّوْنَ مَنْ حَآدَّ اللّٰهَ وَ رَسُوْلَهٗ وَ لَوْ كَانُوْۤا اٰبَآءَهُمْ اَوْ اَبْنَآءَهُمْ اَوْ اِخْوَانَهُمْ اَوْ عَشِيْرَتَهُمْ١ؕ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ كَتَبَ فِيْ قُلُوْبِهِمُ الْاِيْمَانَ وَ اَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوْحٍ مِّنْهُ١ؕ وَ يُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنّٰتٍ تَجْرِيْ مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْاَنْهٰرُ خٰلِدِيْنَ فِيْهَا١ؕ رَضِيَ اللّٰهُ عَنْهُمْ وَ رَضُوْا عَنْهُ١ؕ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ حِزْبُ اللّٰهِ١ؕ اَلَاۤ اِنَّ حِزْبَ اللّٰهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوْنَؒ۰۰۲۲

( مجادلہ : 22 )

You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred. Those – He has decreed within their hearts faith and supported them with spirit1 from Him. And We will admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him – those are the party of Allah. Unquestionably, the party of Allah – they are the successful.

 (Surah Al-Mujadila 22)

In the same Surah, Allah also mentioned the group of Satan before:

اَلَمْ تَرَ اِلَى الَّذِيْنَ تَوَلَّوْا قَوْمًا غَضِبَ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِمْ١ؕ مَا هُمْ مِّنْكُمْ وَ لَا مِنْهُمْ١ۙ وَ يَحْلِفُوْنَ عَلَى الْكَذِبِ وَ هُمْ يَعْلَمُوْنَ۰۰۱۴

( مجادلہ : 14 )

Have you not considered those who make allies of a people with whom Allah has become angry? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear to untruth while they know [they are lying].

(Surah Al-Mujadila 14)

اَعَدَّ اللّٰهُ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيْدًا١ؕ اِنَّهُمْ سَآءَ مَا كَانُوْا يَعْمَلُوْنَ۰۰۱۵

( آیت : 15 )

Allah has prepared for them a severe punishment. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing.

(Surah Al-Mujadila 15)

اِتَّخَذُوْۤا اَيْمَانَهُمْ جُنَّةً فَصَدُّوْا عَنْ سَبِيْلِ اللّٰهِ فَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِيْنٌ۰۰۱۶

( آیت : 16 )

They took their [false] oaths as a cover, so they averted [people] from the way of Allah, and for them is a humiliating punishment.

(Surah Al-Mujadila 16)

لَنْ تُغْنِيَ عَنْهُمْ اَمْوَالُهُمْ وَ لَاۤ اَوْلَادُهُمْ مِّنَ اللّٰهِ شَيْـًٔا١ؕ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ اَصْحٰبُ النَّارِ١ؕ هُمْ فِيْهَا خٰلِدُوْنَ۰۰۱۷

( آیت : 17 )

Never will their wealth or their children avail them against Allah at all. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.

(Surah Al-Mujadila 17)

يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللّٰهُ جَمِيْعًا فَيَحْلِفُوْنَ لَهٗ كَمَا يَحْلِفُوْنَ لَكُمْ وَ يَحْسَبُوْنَ اَنَّهُمْ عَلٰى شَيْءٍ١ؕ اَلَاۤ اِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْكٰذِبُوْنَ۰۰۱۸

( آ یت : 18 )

On the Day Allah will resurrect them all, and they will swear to Him as they swear to you and think that they are [standing] on something. Unquestionably, it is they who are the liars.

(Surah Al-Mujadila 18)

اِسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطٰنُ فَاَنْسٰىهُمْ ذِكْرَ اللّٰهِ١ؕ اُولٰٓىِٕكَ حِزْبُ الشَّيْطٰنِ١ؕ اَلَاۤ اِنَّ حِزْبَ الشَّيْطٰنِ هُمُ الْخٰسِرُوْنَ۰۰۱۹

( آ یت : 19 )

Satan has overcome them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah. Those are the party of Satan. Unquestionably, the party of Satan – they will be the losers.

(Surah Al-Mujadila 19) 

Now we can see that all those who are believers are “Allah’s party (hizbu Allah)”, and all those who are not believers are “Satan’s party (hizbu shaytan)”. It indicates that Hizbu Allah is not (safati) an attributive name of Muslims but every believer belongs to Hizbu Allah the party of Allah.

Believers (Mumineen):

In Surah Al-Hujurat, Allah says:

قَالَتِ الْاَعْرَابُ اٰمَنَّا١ؕ قُلْ لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُوْا وَ لٰكِنْ قُوْلُوْۤا اَسْلَمْنَا وَ لَمَّا يَدْخُلِ الْاِيْمَانُ فِيْ قُلُوْبِكُمْ١ؕ وَ اِنْ تُطِيْعُوا اللّٰهَ وَ رَسُوْلَهٗ لَا يَلِتْكُمْ مِّنْ اَعْمَالِكُمْ شَيْـًٔا١ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَفُوْرٌ رَّحِيْمٌ۰۰۱۴

( الحجرات : 14 )

The bedouins say, “We have believed.” Say, “You have not [yet] believed; but say [instead], ‘We have submitted,’ for faith has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you from your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”

(Surah Al-Hujurat 14)

Mu’min is an attribute of a Muslim. It is not the separate group or a sect upon which detach faction could be formed in Islam and presented by another name. The one who is a believer will be called a Muslim. “Ahle Badr”, the warriors of Badr, “Ahle Uhud”, the warriors of Uhud were those companions who participated in those battles but, even on these bases, they did not have separate sects or masjids.

Ahle Al-Sufah:

عن أبي هريرة قال کان أهل الصفة أضياف أهل الإسلام لا يأوون علی أهل ولا مال والله الذي لا إله إلا هو إن کنت لأعتمد بکبدي علی الأرض من الجوع وأشد الحجر علی بطني من الجوع۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔

( ترمذی ، أبواب صفة القيامة والرقائق والورع عن رسول اللهﷺ )

Abu Hurairah narrated: “The people of As-Suffah were the guests of the people of Islam,they had nothing of people nor wealth to rely upon. And By Allah, the One Whom there is none worthy of worship besides Him – I would lay on the ground on my liver (side) due to hunger, And I would fasten a stone to my stomach out of hunger……

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Chapters on the description of the Day of Judgement, Ar-Riqaq, and Al-Wara’,
Chapter: A Narration About the People of As-Suffah, 2477 )

It clarifies that the “Ahle al-Suffah” were people who either migrated or had no shelter. They use to dwell in annexed portions. For this reason, they were called “Ahl al-Suffah”.

Ahle Al Hijra (People of the cell):

This refers to those who live in a cell.

The point to mention here is that all of them were Muslims. They did not change their names and identities. Even after the death of the Prophet (ﷺ), all these remained the same no one called themselves Siddiqui, Umeri, Uthmani or Alavi. Shaytan caused a rift between them, they lined up against each other for a while, but it never happened that they would have classified themselves as different Muslims from their rivals. In addition to these traits, Allah Almighty has also mentioned other qualities such as Sadiq, those who wake up at night, those who guard their chastity, despite all, no attributive name found such as “Ahlul Hadith”. The fact is that only those who believe in the Qur’an and Hadith are called “Muslims”.

Previously, we gave evidence from the Qur’an and Hadith about sectarianism and its consequences. We like to mention something now that mislead people that the name Allah Almighty has given us “Muslims” means obedient, so we are obedient to Him but, our recognition is Ahlul-Hadeeth or something else. This, because disbelief and polytheism have overcome this nation, so how can we be recognized? Somehow only those who disbelieve and associate partners with Allah make their distinction separate. Ones who believe in Allah and His prophet ﷺ keep the same name that Allah has given them. Acknowledge yourself and keep your name Muslim so that people can recognize you. Some people say that the meaning of Muslim is obedient, and we are obedient to Allah, and our identity is Ahlul-Hadeeth. We ask those people to read the words of Allah carefully:

هُوَ سَمّٰىكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ١ۙ۬ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَ فِيْ هٰذَا

[الحج: 78]

هُوَ سَمّٰىكُمُ: He [i.e Allah] named you الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ:  Muslims]]

He [i.e., Allah] named you “Muslims”

(Surah Al-Hajj 78)

Here, we are not just talking about obedience, but the name designated to you. So it became clear that this is a religious name, just as someone has a personal name by which he is known, in the same manner, the one who believes in Allah and the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ will be called Muslim. If some calls himself Shams, people will not address him Suruj as in Urdu or call him as Sun in English thou in every language he will be called Shams. Similarly, Muslim is a religious name so, it is obligatory to accept this name.

Accepting sectarian religions also falls into the category of shirk:

Earlier, we mentioned two verses of the Quran, please read them again:

اِتَّخَذُوْۤا اَحْبَارَهُمْ وَ رُهْبَانَهُمْ اَرْبَابًا مِّنْ دُوْنِ اللّٰهِ وَ الْمَسِيْحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ١ۚ وَ مَاۤ اُمِرُوْۤا اِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوْۤا اِلٰهًا وَّاحِدًا١ۚ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ١ؕ سُبْحٰنَهٗ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُوْنَ۰۰۳۱

[التوبة: 31]

They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah, and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary.And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.

(Surah At-Tawbah 31)

In Surah Ash-Shura, Allah says:

اَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكٰٓؤُا شَرَعُوْا لَهُمْ مِّنَ الدِّيْنِ مَا لَمْ يَاْذَنْۢ بِهِ اللّٰهُ١ؕ وَ لَوْ لَا كَلِمَةُ الْفَصْلِ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ١ؕ وَ اِنَّ الظّٰلِمِيْنَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِيْمٌ۰۰۲۱

[الشورى: 21]

Or have they partners [i.e., other deities] who have ordained for them a religion to which Allah has not consented? But if not for the decisive word, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, the wrongdoers will have a painful punishment. 

(Surah Ash-Shuraa 21)

Narrated ‘Adi bin Hatim: “I came to the Prophet (ﷺ) while I had a cross of gold around my neck. He said: ‘O ‘Adi! Remove this idol from yourself!’ And I heard him reciting from Surah Bara’ah: They took their rabbis and monks as lords besides Allah (9:31). He said: ‘As for them, they did not worship them, but when they made something lawful for them, they considered it lawful, and when they made something unlawful for them, they considered it unlawful.'”

(Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Chapters on Tafsir)

The Qur’an states that Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islām. (Surah Al-Imran: 19) and said  And whoever desires other than Islām as religion – never will it be accepted from him. (Surah Al-Imran: 85). Why this distance from the group of Muslims? Why it was necessary to form its own jurisprudence and separate groups, obviously they disagreed with the Qur’an and Hadith, apparently continued to believe in prayer and fasting, Hajj and Zakat, but due to changes in beliefs and some practices, they all became separate religions.

Adopting these sectarian religions is also a polytheistic act because these religions have no endorsement from Allah Almighty. Allah Almighty has named those who believe in Allah and the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, those who only believe in the Qur’an and Hadith as Muslims. Ahl-e-Hadith, Deobandi, Barelvi, Ahl-e-Sunnah-wal-Jamaat, Shia, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafii, Hanbali are all sectarian names. Allah has not prescribed it anywhere..

The Qur’an states, Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islām. (Surah Al-Imran: 19) and said  And whoever desires other than Islām as religion never will it be accepted from him. (Surah Al-Imran: 85). So why this distance occurred from the assemblage of Muslims?. Why was it necessary to form its jurisprudence and separate groups? The answer to this is that they conflicted with the Qur’an and Hadith. In appearance, they continued to offer prayer keep up with fast, Hajj and Zakat, but due to changes in beliefs and some practices they all became separate religions.

Differences between Islam and sectarian religions:

  • The very first difference between Islam and these sectarian religions is of ‘name’. Their name is different from those given by Allah and, that is the sign of their religions. Allah says Follow, [O mankind], what has been revealed to you from your Lord (Surah Al-A’raf: 3) but they obey and follow their scholars.
  • In the Qur’an Surah Az-Zumar, verse 42, and Surah Mu’minun verse 99-100, Allah has said that the soul of the deceased will not return to this world before the Day of Resurrection but, most sectarian religions believe that the soul returns to the body after his death.
  • It is stated in the Qur’an Surah Maryam verses 15 and 33 that the Prophets ( علیہم السلام) will also resurrect on the Day of Judgement. The vast majority of sects based on weak narrations believe that Prophets ( علیہم السلام) are alive in their graves and perform Salat.
  • The Qur’an mentions the prayer of blessing (Durood) for the Prophet ﷺ  but all sects have changed its meaning they have made it something that is presented to the Prophet ﷺ. However, it is a supplication, so every supplication is presented before Allah the Almighty.
  • Futhermore is a common belief in some sects that our deeds are presented to Allah Almighty as well as to the Prophet ﷺ. (نعوذوباللہ من ذالک)
  • Based on this belief, they attempt to prove that the Prophet ﷺ is alive in his grave in Medina, although Fatimaؓ and other Companions believed that the Prophet ﷺ is alive in paradise after his death. 
  • Islam sources from the Qur’an and Hadith states that martyrs are alive in paradise after their death, whereas many sects describe martyrs alive in this worldly grave.
  • The religion of Islam says that Allah is the one, there is no one like Him. He has no wife, no children and no one in the universe like him. Contrarily, in some sectarian religions, it is believed that Muhammad ﷺ is a part of Allah and in some other sects, it is a belief that our Imams are also part of the same light. It is association in Allah’s essence and declared by Allah as abuse to Himself.
  • The Qur’an states that the corpse decays, eventually turn into dust, but some sects have spread the belief that they are alive they can hear us and solve peoples problems.
  • Islam states that Allah hears undeviatingly and commands that you should invoke Him directly, but most sectarian religions say to beseech Allah through interceding or by some means.
  • Islam teaches to invoke only Allah for help but, in many sectarian religions, it is justified to call upon others in absentia than Allah.
  • It has been told in Islam that for man is what he has earned by himself. After death, he will get the reward for charity he has done beneficial knowledge passed on, supplications of good children and except good deeds, he will get nothing. On the contrary, in sectarian religions, the belief is the reward of good deeds done by the living ones passed on to the dead.
  • There are no ceremonies in Islam such as Qul, nor is there third (soyam), the tenth (daswan) or fortieth (chaliswan) day of mourning or anniversary (barsi) contrarily most sectarian religions give prime importance to these ceremonies.
  • In Islam, every good action is for the sake of Allah. It is prohibited to earn salary remuneration or gifts on Qur’an, Adhan, leading Salah (prayer) or teaching the Qur’an. But all sectarian religions controlled by the Maulvis Muftis allows the wages permissible in religion.
  • The Monotheism of Allah is the first foundation of Islam whereas, Mysticism (Sufism) is at a very high level amongst many sectarians religions, wherein the basis of belief is annihilations of man in essence of Allah or intermingle of Allah in man, and that everything in the universe is the part of Allah. It is as if monotheism is shattered and dispersed.
  • In Islam, the ‘divine throne’ of Allah is considered in this universe the most eminent stage, and the Kaaba has the noblest position on this earth but, the Deoband religion exalts the soil of the grave of Prophet ﷺ pre-eminent of them all.
  • Islam forbids wife for man after giving divorce three times, wherein the sect of Ahl al-Hadith tried to change this in Islam by uttering divorce three times in one go. That is how the religion of this sect works, and others have implemented ‘halala’ system in their religions.
  • Mourning, beating chest, bewailing has nothing to do with the Prophet ﷺ (Hadith) thou in Shia religion doing it is considered to be a reward.
  • Islam prohibits sacrifices and offerings in the name of anyone other than Allah but, in many sects especially, in Barelvis and Shias, it is considered quite sacred and eaten.
  • The knower of the unseen (Alimul Ghaib) (unseen things, or knowledge of the future) is an attribute of Allah Almighty only but, in many sectarian religions, the other Prophets علیہ السلام and especially the last Prophet ﷺ considered to know the unseen as well. In one or two sects, even the current drug addicted pir (shamans) and several individuals are also considered the knower of the unseen.
  • The Scholars and pirs (shamans) of different sects have engaged this ummah wearing amulets, which is against Islam and declared as an act of polytheism based on the hadith of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
  • The Prophet ﷺ and his companions in their entire life did not raise their hands after prayers or at any funeral or after any dars as congregational supplication but, today this act is significant in many sectarian religions.

Remember this saying of Allah:

يٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوا ادْخُلُوْا فِي السِّلْمِ كَآفَّةً١۪ وَّ لَا تَتَّبِعُوْا خُطُوٰتِ الشَّيْطٰنِ١ؕ اِنَّهٗ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِيْنٌ۰۰۲۰۸

 [البقرة: 208]

O you who have believed, enter into Islām completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

(Surah Al-Baqarah 208)

The declaration of faith is to accept, follow and obey Allah. It is the vow to become a complete Muslim. The fundamental requirement is to cleanse faith from polytheistic beliefs, false ideologies and Illusionistic philosophies. Renounce and reject (taghut) entirely every evil theology that transgresses or rebels against Allah and demands loyalty and obedience. Creates steadiness in faith and then fulfilling all demands live the life that refrains from innovations and rituals. Interacts and cooperates with society only on those matters free from polytheism deviation traditions, impiety and wickedness of all kinds. Without any exception to believe in some of the Quran and reject some others

اِخْرَاجُهُمْ١ؕ اَفَتُؤْمِنُوْنَ۠ بِبَعْضِ الْكِتٰبِ وَ تَكْفُرُوْنَ بِبَعْضٍ١ۚ فَمَا جَزَآءُ مَنْ يَّفْعَلُ ذٰلِكَ مِنْكُمْ اِلَّا خِزْيٌ فِي الْحَيٰوةِ الدُّنْيَا١ۚ وَ يَوْمَ الْقِيٰمَةِ يُرَدُّوْنَ اِلٰۤى اَشَدِّ الْعَذَابِ١ؕ وَ مَا اللّٰهُ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُوْنَ۰۰۸۵

( البقرہ : 85 )

So do you believe in part of the Scripture and disbelieve in part? Then what is the recompense for those who do that among you except disgrace in worldly life; and on the Day of Resurrection they will be sent back to the severest of punishment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.

(Surah Al-Baqarah 85)

Islam is a complete way of life that accords obedience and submission to Allah. Therefore believers are urged to fully embrace and take Islam seriously at the individual and congregational level and put all aspects of life in the framework of Islam, then take all matters such as marriage, death business relationships with relatives and friends following Islamic law. No pressure should be accepted in the implementation of Sharia nor to ignore certain Shari’ah limits and restrictions and the commands of Allah and His Messenger in social affairs or for worldly interests in order to please friends and relatives.

اَلْيَوْمَ اَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِيْنَكُمْ وَ اَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِيْ وَ رَضِيْتُ لَكُمُ الْاِسْلَامَ دِيْنًا١ؕ فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِيْ مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِّاِثْمٍ١ۙ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَفُوْرٌ رَّحِيْمٌ۰۰۳

[المائدة: 3]

This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islām as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

(Surah Al-Ma’idah 3)

It means, the religion of Islam brought by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ completed by Allah Almighty. Now nothing can be added or subtracted to it.  It was said for this same religion of Islam to enter into it completely. It means, whatever the situation is, you have to embrace it and act upon it. Now there will not be any involvement of any other religion. It will not happen that whatever Allah Almighty has declared haraam forbidden will be accepted lightly, for example, sacrifices in the name of divinities other than Allah. Allah Almighty says that the soul of the decease returns not to this worldly body before the Day of Resurrection. The religions of Sectarians oppose this and affirm that the soul returns, and thus, they shunned the true Islam and mixed it up, and such a religion is not acceptable in the sight of Allah.

وَ مَنْ يَّبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْاِسْلَامِ دِيْنًا فَلَنْ يُّقْبَلَ مِنْهُ١ۚ وَ هُوَ فِي الْاٰخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخٰسِرِيْنَ

 [آل عمران: 85]

And whoever desires other than Islām as religion – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.

(Surah Ali’ Imran 85)

So read this verse again:

Or have they partners [i.e., other deities] who have ordained for them a religion to which Allah has not consented? But if not for the decisive word, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, the wrongdoers will have a painful punishment. 

(Surah Ash-Shuraa 21)

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The demise of the Prophet Muhammedﷺ

Preface

 All praise is for the real Master who has created the whole universe, arranged provisions for them, it is He who listens to their calls, the one who removes their difficulties, cures them when they are ill, bestows them the offspring, has complete control over their life and death.  He is the Ever-Living, there is no other ever-living other than Him in this universe, rest all are perishable. This is the fundamental belief of a Muslim.

But when waywardness spreads amongst the people, then against one God (Allah), others are also considered to be gods. The Prophets are declared to be alive in their graves. Idols are created by their names, then the prayers are asked through their courtesy. They (Prophets) are believed to turn their crops green and they are believed to give them offspring. The same style of waywardness of the previous nations is described in the Quran and ahadith. After the death of their Prophets, these nations threw their teachings on their backs and made them share in the divinity of Allah. The people of Noah (علیہ السلام) built tombs of their five pious persons after their death and started to worship them and later on, idols were created of their names, and from there these idols reached to Arab. The same shirk (polytheism – the worship of more than one god) was propagated in Arab. There the idols in the name of Ibrahim (علیہ السلام) and Ismail (علیہ السلام) and Maryam (صلاۃ و السلام) were crafted. Then Laat, Manaat, and others who were considered to be pious were raised to the similar status. Allah Ta’ala cut the roots of this malicious tree of polytheism by His Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ). But after the demise of the Prophet Muhammed (), after the period of the Companions and followers of the Companions of the Prophet Muhammed () this malicious tree adopted the status of a new religion.

Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal gave, against the Quran and ahadeeth, the belief of returning of the soul in the same body, then every dead is considered alive in the grave. This concept started from the returning of souls in the worldly bodies for the question and answering (in the grave) and but then Ibne Qayyim and Ibne Tamiyya added that this dead also knows circumstances of the visitor to his grave even that he distinguishes between the gender of the bird (over the grave) whether it is a male or female. And thus, grave-worship becomes a part of Islam. The fans of Tariqat and Tasawwuf, with the help of weak and fabricated narrations, try to prove that life after death is in this very grave against the holy Quran then these dead become their gods. Now they (dead) also listen, speak, and resolve the difficulties of the people. This polytheistic belief has now become the fundamental belief of this ummah. The attributes that are specific only for Allah are now attributed to them (dead). Mankind is bowing to their tombs, fears them, and also pin their hopes to them.

That’s why their days are celebrated, their anniversaries are held, and sacrifices and pledges are made in their names. Quran declares the people buried in the graves “(They are) dead, not alive” (Surat An-Nahl-21). When the Quran and true Hadith of the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) are studied then so many verses elaborate that “They (dead) cannot listen to”, “They even do not know when they are going to be revived”, “And those whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even the membrane over the date-stone.”, Who is more astray than him who call besides Allah, such people (dead) who cannot answer him till the day of resurrection”………. But today the pronouncers of kalima are not aware of even the commands and teachings of the Holy Quran and authentic ahadeeth of the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ), rather the foundation of his faith and believes is upon the books written by his ulema (religious scholars) which contain the wrong interpretation of the verses of Quran and the Hadith of the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) trying to prove this polytheistic belief to be correct.

To prove these dead saints alive in the grave it was extremely necessary to prove that the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) and other Prophets are alive in their graves. Because they thought how is it possible that Khawaja Moinuddeen Chishti, the one who blesses the poor, Ali Hijwari, the provides everything to the people and Abdul Qadir Jilani, the listener of the prayers of the people are all alive in the graves, listen and see and solve the problems of the people but the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) has died, He  does not have to do anything with this world!  So Prophets () especially Muhammed (ﷺ) is to be declared alive in the grave located in the city of Madinah, words of prayers called Darood are delivered to him and if any saint comes to meet him, he  takes his hand out of the grave and shakes hand with him, also saves the dead woman from torment by rubbing his hand over her belly (Fazail-e-Amal, Tablighi Jamat).

We have arranged this essay consisting on the teaching of the Holy Quran and true Hadiths of the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) to reveal the reality of the beliefs and faith (described above) among the Ummah. May Allah Ta’ala facilitate us the ability to understand and accept the real truth.

First of all, it needs to be acknowledged that the death is also ordained for all the Prophets (ﷺ) like all human beings.

It is said in the Quran about Yaqub (علیہ السلام):

اَمۡ کُنۡتُمۡ  شُہَدَآءَ  اِذۡ حَضَرَ یَعۡقُوۡبَ الۡمَوۡتُ ۙ

Were you the witnesses when death approached Ya’qub?

Surat Al-Baqarah; verse:133

It is said in the Quran about Sulaiman (علیہ السلام):

فَلَمَّا قَضَيْنَا عَلَيْهِ الْمَوْتَ مَا دَلَّهُمْ عَلَىٰ مَوْتِهِ إِلَّا دَابَّةُ الْأَرْضِ تَأْكُلُ مِنْسَأَتَهُ ۖ فَلَمَّا خَرَّ تَبَيَّنَتِ الْجِنُّ أَنْ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ الْغَيْبَ مَا لَبِثُوا فِي الْعَذَابِ الْمُهِينِ

Then We decreed death for him (Sulaiman), nothing informed them (jinn) of his death except a little worm of the earth which kept (slowly) gnawing away his stick. So when he fell, the jinn saw clearly that if they had known the Unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.

Surat Saba; verse:14.

It is said in the Quran about Yusuf (علیہ السلام):

تَوَفَّنِیۡ مُسۡلِمًا وَّ اَلۡحِقۡنِیۡ  بِالصّٰلِحِیۡنَ

Cause me to die as a Muslim and join me with the righteous.

Surat Yusuf; verse:101

وَ لَقَدۡ جَآءَکُمۡ یُوۡسُفُ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ بِالۡبَیِّنٰتِ فَمَا زِلۡتُمۡ فِیۡ شَکٍّ مِّمَّا جَآءَکُمۡ بِہٖ ؕ حَتّٰۤی اِذَا ہَلَکَ۔۔۔۔۔

And indeed Yusuf (Joseph) did come to you with clear signs, but you ceased not to doubt in that which he did bring to you, till when he died…

Surat Al-Mumin; verse:34

It is thus clarified from the ayaat of Quran that the same ordainment of death is Prophets ().

Please read further to see what happens to the Prophets () after their deaths.

This is what Ibrahim ( علیہ السلام) said:

وَ الَّذِیۡ  یُمِیۡتُنِیۡ ثُمَّ   یُحۡیِیۡنِ

And (He is) the One who will cause me to die, and then he will bring me to life (again).

Sura Al-Shura 81

It is said about Yahya (علیہ السلام):

وَسَلٰمٌ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ وُلِدَ وَيَوْمَ يَمُوْتُ وَيَوْمَ يُـبْعَثُ حَيًّا

And Peace Be Upon Him the day he was born, and the day he dies, and the day he will be raised to life (again)!

Surat Maryam; verse:15

It is said about Isa (علیہ السلام):

وَالسَّلٰمُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُّ وَيَوْمَ اَمُوْتُ وَيَوْمَ اُبْعَثُ حَيًّا

And peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!

Surat Maryam; verse:33

ثُمَّ  اِنَّکُمۡ بَعۡدَ ذٰلِکَ لَمَیِّتُوۡنَ ۝ ثُمَّ   اِنَّکُمۡ  یَوۡمَ  الۡقِیٰمَۃِ تُبۡعَثُوۡنَ

After that, surely you will die. Then (again), surely you will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection.

Sura Al-Mominoon 15-16

The Book of Allah Ta’ala thus proves that like all other human beings, death is ordained for all the Prophets and that they are not alive in their graves but will be raised to life on the Day of Resurrection.

And for the last Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ), this was declared in the Book of Allah:

قُلْ اِنَّمَآ اَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوْحٰٓى اِلَيَّ 

Say [O Muhammed (Peace Be Upon Him]: I am only a man like you.

Surat Al-Kahf; verse:110.

وَ قَالُوۡا مَالِ ہٰذَا الرَّسُوۡلِ یَاۡکُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَ یَمۡشِیۡ  فِی الۡاَسۡوَاقِ ؕ لَوۡ لَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَیۡہِ مَلَکٌ فَیَکُوۡنَ مَعَہٗ نَذِیۡرًا ۙ

And they say: “Why does this Messenger [Muhammed (ﷺ)] eat food, and walk about in the markets (as we). Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him?

Surat Al-Furqan; verse:7

وَ مَا جَعَلۡنَا لِبَشَرٍ مِّنۡ قَبۡلِکَ الۡخُلۡدَ ؕ اَفَا۠ئِنۡ  مِّتَّ  فَہُمُ  الۡخٰلِدُوۡنَ

And We granted not to any human being immortality before you [O Muhammed (peace be upon you)]; then if you die, would they live forever?

Surat Al-Anbiya; verse:34

اِنَّکَ مَیِّتٌ وَّ  اِنَّہُمۡ  مَّیِّتُوۡنَ

Verily you [O Muhammed (ﷺ)] will die, and verily, they (too) will die.

Surat Al-Zumar; verse:30

وَ مَا مُحَمَّدٌ اِلَّا رَسُوۡلٌ ۚ قَدۡ خَلَتۡ مِنۡ قَبۡلِہِ الرُّسُلُ ؕ اَفَا۠ئِنۡ مَّاتَ اَوۡ قُتِلَ انۡقَلَبۡتُمۡ عَلٰۤی اَعۡقَابِکُمۡ ؕ وَ مَنۡ یَّنۡقَلِبۡ عَلٰی عَقِبَیۡہِ فَلَنۡ یَّضُرَّ اللّٰہَ شَیۡئًا ؕ وَ سَیَجۡزِی اللّٰہُ  الشّٰکِرِیۡنَ

And Muhammed (ﷺ) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.

Surat Al’Imram; verse:144

In the above verses of the Holy Quran, the humanness of Prophet Muhammed () has been expressed that he was just as human as other Prophets were. Likewise, by the order of Allah Ta’ala, he had to die like every human being.

 (We are only discussing his(ﷺ) humanness otherwise the status he has got has not been awarded to any of the human beings).

Let us now see the ahadeeth on this issue.

Ahadees on this issue

Hadith no.1

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو اليَمَانِ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، إِنَّ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ يَقُولُ: ” إِنَّهُ لَمْ يُقْبَضْ نَبِيٌّ قَطُّ حَتَّى يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الجَنَّةِ، ثُمَّ يُحَيَّا أَوْ يُخَيَّرَ، فَلَمَّا اشْتَكَى وَحَضَرَهُ القَبْضُ وَرَأْسُهُ عَلَى فَخِذِ عَائِشَةَ غُشِيَ عَلَيْهِ، فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ شَخَصَ بَصَرُهُ نَحْوَ سَقْفِ البَيْتِ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: «اللَّهُمَّ فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى» فَقُلْتُ: إِذًا لاَ يُجَاوِرُنَا، فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُ حَدِيثُهُ الَّذِي كَانَ يُحَدِّثُنَا وَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ

( بخاری، کتاب المغازی، بَابُ آخِرِ مَا تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ )

Arwa bin Zubair said that Aisha (رضی اللہ عنھا) said the Prophet (ﷺ)  would say in his days of health that ” Allah does not make any Prophet die until He discloses him his place in the paradise, then he (the Prophet) has a choice to accept death or life in the world and when his [Prophet Muhammed () dying time came near his head had been on my thigh, He got unconscious for a while and then he gained consciousness and stared on the roof and said اللهم الرفيق الاعلى “Allah is a great companion” and I (Aisha (رضی اللہ عنھا) said now the Prophet (ﷺ) would not accompany us and I realized that it is what he used to say that “Allah does not make any Prophet die until He (Allah) discloses him his place in the paradise)”. According to the narration of Aisha (may Allah please with her) the last sentence of the Prophet (ﷺ) is اللهم الرفيق الاعلى

This hadith clarifies that before death every Prophet gets to see his place (that he will get after his death). Did the Prophet (ﷺ) get to see his place that he was to be awarded after death? Have a look at the following hadith:

Hadith no.2

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو رَجَاءٍ ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ , قَالَ :    كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا صَلَّى صَلَاةً أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا بِوَجْهِهِ , فَقَالَ : مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ رُؤْيَا ؟ , قَالَ : فَإِنْ رَأَى أَحَدٌ قَصَّهَا ، فَيَقُولُ : مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ، فَسَأَلَنَا يَوْمًا , فَقَالَ : , هَلْ رَأَى أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ رُؤْيَا ؟ , قُلْنَا : لَا ، قَالَ : لَكِنِّي رَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلَةَ رَجُلَيْنِ أَتَيَانِي ، فَأَخَذَا بِيَدِي فَأَخْرَجَانِي إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الْمُقَدَّسَةِ ، فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ جَالِسٌ وَرَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ بِيَدِهِ كَلُّوبٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ ، قَالَ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا : عَنْ مُوسَى ، إِنَّهُ يُدْخِلُ ذَلِكَ الْكَلُّوبَ فِي شِدْقِهِ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ قَفَاهُ ، ثُمَّ يَفْعَلُ بِشِدْقِهِ الْآخَرِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، وَيَلْتَئِمُ شِدْقُهُ هَذَا فَيَعُودُ فَيَصْنَعُ مِثْلَهُ ، قُلْتُ : مَا هَذَا ؟ , قَالَا : انْطَلِقْ ، فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا عَلَى رَجُلٍ مُضْطَجِعٍ عَلَى قَفَاهُ وَرَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ بِفِهْرٍ أَوْ صَخْرَةٍ فَيَشْدَخُ بِهِ رَأْسَهُ ، فَإِذَا ضَرَبَهُ تَدَهْدَهَ الْحَجَرُ فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَيْهِ لِيَأْخُذَهُ ، فَلَا يَرْجِعُ إِلَى هَذَا حَتَّى يَلْتَئِمَ رَأْسُهُ ، وَعَادَ رَأْسُهُ كَمَا هُوَ , فَعَادَ إِلَيْهِ فَضَرَبَهُ ، قُلْتُ : مَنْ هَذَا ؟ , قَالَا : انْطَلِقْ ، فَانْطَلَقْنَا إِلَى ثَقْبٍ مِثْلِ التَّنُّورِ أَعْلَاهُ ضَيِّقٌ , وَأَسْفَلُهُ وَاسِعٌ يَتَوَقَّدُ تَحْتَهُ نَارًا ، فَإِذَا اقْتَرَبَ ارْتَفَعُوا حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا ، فَإِذَا خَمَدَتْ رَجَعُوا فِيهَا وَفِيهَا رِجَالٌ وَنِسَاءٌ عُرَاةٌ ، فَقُلْتُ : مَنْ هَذَا ؟ , قَالَا : انْطَلِقْ ، فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا عَلَى نَهَرٍ مِنْ دَمٍ فِيهِ رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ عَلَى وَسَطِ النَّهَرِ ، قَالَ يَزِيدُ : وَوَهْبُ بْنُ جَرِيرٍ ، عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ ، وَعَلَى شَطِّ النَّهَرِ رَجُلٌ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ حِجَارَةٌ ، فَأَقْبَلَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي فِي النَّهَرِ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ رَمَى الرَّجُلُ بِحَجَرٍ فِي فِيهِ فَرَدَّهُ حَيْثُ كَانَ ، فَجَعَلَ كُلَّمَا جَاءَ لِيَخْرُجَ رَمَى فِي فِيهِ بِحَجَرٍ فَيَرْجِعُ كَمَا كَانَ ، فَقُلْتُ : مَا هَذَا ؟ قَالَا : انْطَلِقْ ، فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى انْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى رَوْضَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ فِيهَا شَجَرَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ وَفِي أَصْلِهَا شَيْخٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ ، وَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ الشَّجَرَةِ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ نَارٌ يُوقِدُهَا ، فَصَعِدَا بِي فِي الشَّجَرَةِ وَأَدْخَلَانِي دَارًا لَمْ أَرَ قَطُّ أَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا فِيهَا رِجَالٌ شُيُوخٌ , وَشَبَابٌ , وَنِسَاءٌ , وَصِبْيَانٌ ، ثُمَّ أَخْرَجَانِي مِنْهَا فَصَعِدَا بِي الشَّجَرَةَ فَأَدْخَلَانِي دَارًا هِيَ أَحْسَنُ وَأَفْضَلُ فِيهَا شُيُوخٌ وَشَبَابٌ ، قُلْتُ : طَوَّفْتُمَانِي اللَّيْلَةَ فَأَخْبِرَانِي عَمَّا رَأَيْتُ ، قَالَا : نَعَمْ ، أَمَّا الَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشَقُّ شِدْقُهُ فَكَذَّابٌ يُحَدِّثُ بِالْكَذْبَةِ فَتُحْمَلُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الْآفَاقَ فَيُصْنَعُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ، وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشْدَخُ رَأْسُهُ فَرَجُلٌ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ فَنَامَ عَنْهُ بِاللَّيْلِ وَلَمْ يَعْمَلْ فِيهِ بِالنَّهَارِ يُفْعَلُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ، وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي الثَّقْبِ فَهُمُ الزُّنَاةُ ، وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي النَّهَرِ آكِلُوا الرِّبَا وَالشَّيْخُ فِي أَصْلِ الشَّجَرَةِ إِبْرَاهِيمُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَام وَالصِّبْيَانُ حَوْلَهُ فَأَوْلَادُ النَّاسِ وَالَّذِي يُوقِدُ النَّارَ مَالِكٌ خَازِنُ النَّارِ ، وَالدَّارُ الْأُولَى الَّتِي دَخَلْتَ دَارُ عَامَّةِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ، وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الدَّارُ فَدَارُ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَأَنَا جِبْرِيلُ وَهَذَا مِيكَائِيلُ فَارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا فَوْقِي مِثْلُ السَّحَابِ ، قَالَا : ذَاكَ مَنْزِلُكَ ، قُلْتُ : دَعَانِي أَدْخُلْ مَنْزِلِي ، قَالَا : إِنَّهُ بَقِيَ لَكَ عُمُرٌ لَمْ تَسْتَكْمِلْهُ فَلَوِ اسْتَكْمَلْتَ أَتَيْتَ مَنْزِلَكَ   

( بخاری ، کتاب الجنائز)

Narrated Samura bin Jundab (رضی اللہ عنھا): Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) finished the dawn prayer, he would face us and ask, who amongst you had a dream last night?   So if anyone had a dream he would narrate it. One day, he asked us whether anyone of us had seen a dream. We replied in negation. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, ‘But I had seen last night that two men came to me, caught hold of my hands, and took me to the Sacred Land. There, I saw a person sitting and another standing with an iron hook in his hand pushing it inside the mouth of the former till it reached the jawbone, and then tore off one side of his cheek, and then did the same with the other side; in the meantime, the first side of his cheek became normal again and then he repeated the same operation. I said, ‘What is this?’ They told me to proceed on and we went on till we came to a man lying flat on his back, and another man standing at his head carrying a stone or a piece of rock, and crushing the head of the lying man, with that stone. Whenever he struck him, the stone rolled away. The man went to pick it up and by the time he returned to him, the crushed head had returned to its normal state and the man came back and struck him again (and so on). I said, ‘Who is this?’ They told me to proceed on; so we proceeded on and passed by a hole like an oven; with a narrow top and wide bottom, and the fire was kindling underneath that hole. Whenever the fire-flame went up, the people were lifted to such an extent that they about to get out of it, and whenever the fire got quieter, the people went down into it, and there were naked men and women in it. I said, ‘Who is this?’ They told me to proceed on. So we proceeded on till we reached a river of blood and a man was in it, and another man was standing at its bank with stones in front of him, facing the man standing in the river. Whenever the man in the river wanted to come out, the other one threw a stone in his mouth and caused him to retreat to his original position; and so whenever he wanted to come out the other would throw a stone in his mouth, and he would retreat to his original position. I asked, ‘What is this?’ They told me to proceed on and we did so till we reached a well-flourished green garden having a huge tree and near its root was sitting an old man with some children. (I saw) Another man near the tree with fire in front of him and he was kindling it up. Then they (i.e. my two companions) made me climb up the tree and made me enter a house, better than which I have ever seen. In it were some old men and young men, women, and children. Then they took me out of this house and made me climb up the tree and made me enter another house that was better and superior (to the first) containing old and young people. I said to them (i.e. my two companions), ‘You have made me ramble all the night. Tell me all about that I have seen.’ They said, ‘Yes. As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection. The one whose head you saw being crushed is the one whom Allah had given the knowledge of the Qur’an but he used to sleep at night and did not use to act upon it by day, and so this punishment will go on till the Day of Resurrection. And those you saw in the hole like oven were adulterers (those men and women who commit illegal sexual intercourse). And those you saw in the river of blood used to eat riba (usury/interest). And the old man who was sitting at the base of the tree was the Prophet Abraham () and the little children around him were the offspring of the human beings. And the one who was kindling the fire was Maalik, the gatekeeper of the Hell-fire. And the first house in which you have gone was the house of the common believers (Muslims), and the second house was of the martyrs. I am Gabriel and this is Mikail. Raise your head.’ I raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me. They said, ‘That is your place.’ I said, ‘Let me enter my place.’

They said ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you have completed (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place

In this hadith, the Prophet (ﷺ) has been shown with the reward or torment that people get after their death, the houses of Muslims and Martyrs and in the end, the designated place of the Prophet (ﷺ) has been shown to him and when the Prophet (ﷺ) asked the angels to let him enter his place so angels said “You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you have completed (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place” means till then the Prophet (ﷺ) had some portion of his life in the world, he couldn’t enter his place. However, this is the place of eternity (after death), when he had completed his life in the world he went to his place in paradise as described in the following hadith:

Hadith no.3

“Anas bin Malik (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) lost consciousness due to serious illness. Fatima (رضی اللہ عنھا) began saying ” Alas! My father has such excruciating suffering (aches and pains)”. The Prophet (ﷺ) said ” This will not be there after today.”  Later on when the Prophet (ﷺ) passed away Fatima (رضی اللہ عنھا) said ” O my father! You went towards Allah on His call. O my father! You went to your place in the paradise of Al-Firdous.” She further said, “We give news of your death to Jabriel “. And when the Prophet (ﷺ) had been buried, she (Fatima) said to Anas (), ” How you could have liked to conceal the Prophet () underneath the soil.”

Summary of the ahadeeth:

1)            Hadith 1 clarifies that before death, every Prophet is shown the place that he is going to get. And he is given the choice of more life in the world or to return to his Creator and get his place in the paradise. This is also proven by the hadith of Sahih Bukhari when Musa () was also given such a choice.

2)            In hadith 2, the designated places of the human beings were shown as well as the designated place of the Prophet (ﷺ), and that was above the place of martyrs. But the Prophet () was not allowed to enter his place because he was to enter only after his death.

3)            According to the first hadith the Prophet (ﷺ) choose the company of Allah instead of worldly people. In the third hadith, as soon as the Prophet () died, Fatima () cried saying that ” O father! You went to your Creator upon His call. O Father! You went to your place in the paradise of Al-Firdous.” And further said, ” We give news of your death to Gabriel.” Because she doubted that Gabriel may also not know about the Prophet’s death but after all the Prophet (may Peace Be Upon Him) went to his place in paradise. Just the same thing has been described in the Surat Al-Nahl that “Here the true believer dies and the next moment he enters the paradise”.

How clear it is that the Prophet (ﷺ) is not in the grave located in Madinah. Rather he is alive in the paradise of Al-Firdous and that is a matter of Al-Barzakh (the barrier between the mortal life and the Day of Resurrection).

Was the Prophet (ﷺ) revived in his grave after his demise?

عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَاتَ وَأَبُو بَکْرٍ بِالسُّنْحِ قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ يَعْنِي بِالْعَالِيَةِ فَقَامَ عُمَرُ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ مَا مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَتْ وَقَالَ عُمَرُ وَاللَّهِ مَا کَانَ يَقَعُ فِي نَفْسِي إِلَّا ذَاکَ وَلَيَبْعَثَنَّهُ اللَّهُ فَلَيَقْطَعَنَّ أَيْدِيَ رِجَالٍ وَأَرْجُلَهُمْ فَجَائَ أَبُو بَکْرٍ فَکَشَفَ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَبَّلَهُ قَالَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي طِبْتَ حَيًّا وَمَيِّتًا وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَا يُذِيقُکَ اللَّهُ الْمَوْتَتَيْنِ أَبَدًا ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا الْحَالِفُ عَلَی رِسْلِکَ فَلَمَّا تَکَلَّمَ أَبُو بَکْرٍ جَلَسَ عُمَرُ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ أَبُو بَکْرٍ وَأَثْنَی عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَ أَلَا مَنْ کَانَ يَعْبُدُ مُحَمَّدًا صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَإِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا قَدْ مَاتَ وَمَنْ کَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ حَيٌّ لَا يَمُوتُ وَقَالَ إِنَّکَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ مَيِّتُونَ وَقَالَ وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ أَفَإِنْ مَاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَی أَعْقَابِکُمْ وَمَنْ يَنْقَلِبْ عَلَی عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَنْ يَضُرَّ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا وَسَيَجْزِي اللَّهُ الشَّاکِرِينَ قَالَ فَنَشَجَ النَّاسُ يَبْکُونَ  ۔ ۔ ۔ ۔ ۔ ۔

( بخاری، کتاب اصحاب النبی ﷺ بَابُ قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «لَوْ كُنْتُ مُتَّخِذًا خَلِيلًا»)

“Aisha (رضی اللہ عنھا) narrated that when the Prophet (ﷺ) died, Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنہ) was at the place called Sakh. And Umer (رضی اللہ عنہ) swore by Allah and said the Prophet (ﷺ) had not died. Aisha (رضی اللہ عنہا) says that Umer (رضی اللہ عنہ) said ” I thought in my heart that Allah will revive the Prophet (ﷺ) and he will cut the hands and feet of the hypocrites”. At the same time Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنہ) came and he opened the shroud of the Prophet (ﷺ) and kissed him and addressed that my parents are sacrificed upon you, you [Prophet (ﷺ)] were pure in your life and after death too. I swear by Allah who holds my life, Allah will not give you death twice”. And in another hadith of Bukhari, there is an addition of the words “the only one death that was in his fate has come to him”. After that Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنہ) came outside and said to Umer (رضی اللہ عنہ) that “O who swears, do not hurry”. However, Umer (رضی اللہ عنہ) sat down when Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنہ) began speaking. Then Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنہ) praised Allah and said:

“! Whosoever used to worship Muhammed (ﷺ), now the Prophet has died.”And whosoever worships only Allah (alone) so Allah is Ever-Living who will never die. And Allah says ” Muhammed is merely the messenger, and many messengers have passed before him. If only he died or martyred, would you people turn back on your heels? And whoever will turn back, he cannot harm Allah and Allah will give reward to His grateful men” and when the people listened to this, they began crying.

Another narration mentions:

۔ ۔ ۔ ۔وَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لَکَأَنَّ النَّاسَ لَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَنْزَلَ هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ حَتَّی تَلَاهَا أَبُو بَکْرٍ فَتَلَقَّاهَا مِنْهُ النَّاسُ کُلُّهُمْ فَمَا أَسْمَعُ بَشَرًا مِنْ النَّاسِ إِلَّا يَتْلُوهَا فَأَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ أَنَّ عُمَرَ قَالَ وَاللَّهِ مَا هُوَ إِلَّا أَنْ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا بَکْرٍ تَلَاهَا فَعَقِرْتُ حَتَّی مَا تُقِلُّنِي رِجْلَايَ وَحَتَّی أَهْوَيْتُ إِلَی الْأَرْضِ حِينَ سَمِعْتُهُ تَلَاهَا عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَدْ مَاتَ

( بخاری کتاب المغازی ، باب :مرض النبی ﷺ و وفاتہ )

Abdullah bin Abbas (رضی اللہ عنہما) says “…….when Abu Bakar (رضی اللہ عنہ) recited this verse then it felt like that none had known this verse and after that everyone was reciting the same verse”. (Zahri says Saeed bin Musab said) Umer (رضی اللہ عنہ) said ” as I listened to Abu Bakar () reciting this verse my knees buckled and I became powerless and none supported me until I dropped down to earth, That was the time I came to realize that Allah’s Prophet has died”.

It is, thus, known through these ahadeeth that the Sahaba of the holy Prophet () did not believe that the Prophet (رضی اللہ عنہ) was given death just for a moment, rather saying of Abu Bakar () that ” Allah will not give the death to His Prophet twice” means neither the spirit of the holy Prophet () will be returned to his body now nor he will be revived in the grave nor he will be given death again after revival in the grave. While death is mandatory for every human being then they will be resurrected in the hereafter and the same rule applies to Prophets. Moreover, in another hadith of Bukhari, there is an addition that the only death that was written for the Prophet () has finally met him then.

The founder of the sect Ahle-hadith and their other ulema say that it appears in a narration that the Prophet (ﷺ) said that when someone pays me salam (greeting), Allah returns my soul to the worldly grave and I reply to the said salam.”  It is submitted that the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) did not have such kind of belief and on the contrary, they believed that the Prophet (ﷺ) would not be given the mortal life in this world again.

Abu Bakar’s (رضی اللہ عنہ) reciting the verse of the Quran, Umar’s (رضی اللہ عنہ) falling down on his feet and Sahaba’s () crying is the proof that they all believed that the Prophet () had died and got separated from us”.

As for the summary of the narrated hadiths, none of the Prophets is given death unless he is shown his designated place in the paradise. Also, the Prophet (ﷺ) was shown the place that he was about to be awarded just after the completion of his mortal life and he gave priority to the companionship of Allah Ta’ala instead of the company of the living people, and after all, like all other human beings, the death law was also imlemented for the Prophet (ﷺ). Sahaba (رضی اللہ عنہم اجمرین) listened to the address of Abu Bakar (), verses of the Quran were presented as the evidence, and all of them acknowledged this reality that the Prophet () had died. The silent consensus of the Sahaba (رضی اللہ عنہم اجمعین) has become the proof until the Day of Resurrection, otherwise, the sahaba would not have buried the Prophet (ﷺ) and concluding that they (Sahaba) believed that the Prophet (ﷺ) had gone towards his Creator in his place in the paradise of Al-Firdous.

The clear statement of the Quran and authentic ahadeeth of the Prophet (ﷺ) all are in front of you and despite this, all of the sects believe the Prophet (ﷺ) is alive in his grave situated in the city of Madinah. Have a look:

Beliefs of the Sectarians regarding the demise of the Prophet (ﷺ)

The belief of the Deoband sect:

According to us and our ulema, the Prophet (ﷺ) is alive in his holy grave and his life is like that of world without any responsibility. This life is a special one, not that of the barrier برزخی (not having any barrier between the worldly life and the day of resurrection) for the Prophet (ﷺ), all other Prophets and the martyrs.

Reference:)Aqaid-e-ulema-e-Deoband aur Hassam-ul-Harmain, by Darul Ishaat, page 221)

How clearly the Deobandi sectarians have declared in clear words that the Prophet () is alive like a normal life in his grave in Madina. Fifty scholars of the Deoband and others like-minded ones from Arab world, have signed with stamp on this book that these are our beliefs. So far just one of the believes has been described to you.

The belief of the founder and aalim of the Ahle-hadith sect:

“And this saying is also incorrect that the soul of the Prophet () patrols around and visits all homes and places. Because, in the Chapter of Salat over the Prophet (), Mishkat with reference to Sunan AL-Nasai and Al-Darimi, Ibn Masood narrated directly from the Prophet () that: “Allah has appointed some angels who patrol the whole world and whoever from my ummah, utters the salat (darood) for me, those angels bring those words of salat and salam to me”.

Also, Abu Huraira () narrated directly from the Prophet (): من صلی عند قبری سمعۃو من صلی علی نائیاابلغہ: .  (Al-Baihaqi fi Sha’bil Iman) “Whoever utters the prayers for me near my grave, I listen to them myself and one who says the prayers for me from far away, those are brought to me meaning by the angels”. Therefore, if the soul of the Prophet () were patrolling around all homes and all places, then this would have appeared in the ahadeeth that wherever I am remembered or salam and prayers are said for me, I can hear them (directly) or get present there and there was no need for the angels to deliver “.

 (Fatawa Naziriya Part one; page no.706)

Meaning thereby that according to Mian Nazir Dahlvi, the Prophet (ﷺ) is not present everywhere, but his soul resides in his grave in Madinah means he is alive there. Further comments on this weak hadith which the founder of the sect of Ahle-hadith is trying to make the basis for the soul to be present in the grave of Madina thus proving that the Prophet (ﷺ) is alive, is contained in another article ‘Al-salat wa al-salam ala al-Nabi’ (ﷺ).

Remember that there is only one description in the Quran and Hadith of the Prophet (ﷺ) that after death the soul cannot be returned to the world till the Day of Resurrection. Now if the soul of the Prophet (ﷺ) is present in the grave of Madinah as if he is alive there and listens to people’s salam and replying them.

The belief of (Syed Abul A’la Maududi) the founder of the Jammat-e-Islami:

“And the existence of the Prophet () in the world will remain till the Day of Resurrection because his Prophet hood is valid till the Day of Resurrection. Moreover, the Prophet () is still alive at this time, even though the state of this life is different from the former one. And the argument for the difference between these two lives is ridiculous and useless because it neither affects the Muslim’s religious or worldly deeds, nor the Prophet () himself or his companions liked such needless discussion, rather they forbade to discuss these things”.

“To summarize, the live existence of the Prophet () in his grave and the establishment of his Prophet hood till the Day of Resurrection is a proof of his residing in the world till the Day of Resurrection. Thus, this ummat will be safe from torment until the Day of Resurrection”.

(‘Tauba aur Istighfar ki Haqeeqat Quran aur Hadith ki roshni main’ by Syed Abul A’la Maududi, Page 38)

Now, did you notice the belief of Syed Abul A’la Maududi, that how he has rejected the Quran and authentic ahadeeth by his verbosity. And the basis of his creed is the returning of soul to the worldly grave that we have discussed in the article “Torment of the Grave”. The false belief of returning of the soul has tried to prove life in this worldly grave. Ms. Farhat Hashmi has described this in her bookمیرا جینا میرا مرنا  ‘My Life and My Death’ on pages 63 to 78 but she has not explained the Quran and authentic ahadeeth concerning this matter at all, rather she made the basis those false narrations, that are brought to prove the life in this worldly grave, to give them exactly this belief that the soul is returned in this grave and the dead is brought to life again.

On one side is the Quran and on the other are the books of ulema, on one side is the religion of Islam and on the other, is the religion of sectarianism. Actually the life in the worldly grave has become the foundation of polytheism (shirk) today. The scholars of these false sects have provided this foundation. Based on weak, fabricated and mythical narrations, first the Prophets have been declared alive in the worldly graves instead of being in paradise, then every dead got alive. Then challenging the unicity of Allah, they enthroned someone to be the mushkil-kusha (who removes their difficulties) and someone as the ghausul azam (the greatest helper); today someone is ‘data’ (the provider); someone ghareeb nawaz (one who blesses the poor).

Today, why is this unfortunate ummat, after abandoning their Ever-Living Lord, is engaged in pleasing the dead people? Because they (dead) are considered alive. Allah Ta’ala says ” And whom they worship besides Allah have not created anything, rather they have been created themselves, they are dead, there is not even a sign of life in them, they don’t even know when they will be revived.” (Surat Al-Nahl; verse;21/22)

Is this possible that someone really believes them dead but still calls them as their one who fulfills their needs and solver of their difficulties who have become dust mixed with the soil dead, calls them? And also go to the graves to pay them salaam and celebrate their days and calls them for help?

The wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) and their inheritance

Here another matter must also be explained as to why the wedding with the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) after His death is illegitimate? Could it be the reason that the Prophet (ﷺ) is alive or there is any other cause? Like this, it should also be discussed why his inheritance was not distributed because these claims are being made to prove him alive in his grave. Allah says in Surat Al-Ahzab; verse 6:

النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَىٰ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ ۖ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ ۗ

(الاحزاب  :6)

Indeed, the Prophet is preferable for the believers to their selves, and the Prophet’s wives are their mothers.

Now can anyone imagine marrying the wives of the Prophet () as they have been declared our mothers?

Like this the Prophet (ﷺ) said regarding inheritance:

“لا نورث ماترکنا صدقہ”

“We (Prophets) what leave behind are alms”.

(Sahih Al-Bokhari, Book of the Battles, Chapter Battle of Khyber)

The book of Allah clears that why wedding with the wives of the Prophet () is illegitimate and why their inheritance is not distributed.

 None of the companions (رضی اللہ عنہم اجمعین) of the Prophet (ﷺ) believed that the Prophet is alive in his grave:

عَنْ عُرْوَةَ ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا ، قَالَتْ : دَعَا النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَاطِمَةَ عَلَيْهَا السَّلَام فِي شَكْوَاهُ الَّذِي قُبِضَ فِيهِ فَسَارَّهَا بِشَيْءٍ فَبَكَتْ ، ثُمَّ دَعَاهَا فَسَارَّهَا بِشَيْءٍ فَضَحِكَتْ ، فَسَأَلْنَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ ، فَقَالَتْ : سَارَّنِي النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ يُقْبَضُ فِي وَجَعِهِ الَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهِ فَبَكَيْتُ ، ثُمَّ سَارَّنِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنِّي أَوَّلُ أَهْلِهِ يَتْبَعُهُ فَضَحِكْتُ

( بخاری، کتاب المغازی، باب: مرض النبی ﷺ و وفاتہ )    .

 Aisha ( رضی اللہ عنہا) says that: “The Prophet (ﷺ) called Fatima (رضی اللہ عنہا) during his fatal illness and told her something secretly and she wept. Then he called her again and told her something secretly, and she started laughing. When we asked her about that, she said ” The Prophet (ﷺ) first told me secretly that he would expire in that disease in which he  later died, so I wept; then he told me secretly that I would be the first of his family to follow him, so I laughed at that time.

Narrated mother of the believers Aisha ( رضی اللہ عنہا) that Prophet (ﷺ) said, أَسْرَعُكُنَّ لَحَاقًا بِي أَطْوَلُكُنَّ يَدًا “The one who has the longest hands among you will meet me first of all” فَكَانَتْ أَطْوَلَنَا يَدًا زَيْنَبُ، لِأَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَعْمَلُ بِيَدِهَا وَتَصَدَّقُ so all the wives of the Prophet started measuring their hands to see whose hands are longest. Aisha (رضی اللہ عنہا) said, “among us Zainab’s hands were longest because she would work hard with her hands and give alms and charity”.

( مسلم ،فضائل کا بیان، فضائل زینب ؓ )

The Prophet (ﷺ) had clearly said that Fatima and Zainab (رضی اللہ عنہما) both will meet me before all the others. Sahaba (رضی اللہ عنہم اجمعین) must have known this statement of the Prophet (ﷺ), and they did believe that the Prophet (ﷺ) was alive in the paradise of Al-Firdous and not in the grave located in Madinah. If they had believed that the Prophet (ﷺ) is alive in the hujra (small apartment) of Aisha (رضی اللہ عنہا), then they must have buried Fatime and Zainab (رضی اللہ عنہما) with him so as to be close to him before all the others. That was not the case.  This is the proof that they never believed the Prophet (ﷺ) is alive in the worldly grave in Madina.

The result of being distant from the Quran and authentic ahadeeth of the Prophet (ﷺ) is that such-like beliefs of Jews and Hindus are being considered to be the part of Islam and people are following them.

This article has been written with the motivation that the reality is exposed to common people. May Allah Ta’ala facilitate us to understand and accept the truth. 

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Definition of shirk and shirk’s beliefs and practices of today

بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The meaning of shirk

Literally, shirk means “companion” or “equality”, but the term refers to associating anyone with the essence, attributes, rights, and powers of Allah Almighty. For example, if someone says that what Allah Almighty does, someone else can do that as well. Allah Almighty has the power to do that and anyone else has the power to do that too. It is an attribute of Allah Almighty that He has knowledge of the hidden and someone else is also the knower of the unseen, such beliefs and actions under them are called shirk.

Allah says:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُۚ وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰٓ إِثۡمًا عَظِيمًا

[النساء: 48]

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin.

(Surah Nisa : 48)

It is the worst act and the greatest injustice to associate a Prophet or a Saint with His being, attributes, knowledge, dispositions, and powers. Even the greatest sin, if Allah wills, can be forgiven without repentance or after being punished for some time then admit him to Paradise, but shirk cannot be forgiven without repentance and reformation. Paradise is forbidden to those who die in polytheism (shirk), and Hell is their eternal abode.

لَقَدۡ كَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلۡمَسِيحُ ٱبۡنُ مَرۡيَمَۖ وَقَالَ ٱلۡمَسِيحُ يَٰبَنِيٓ إِسۡرَٰٓءِيلَ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمۡۖ إِنَّهُۥ مَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدۡ حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡهِ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ وَمَأۡوَىٰهُ ٱلنَّارُۖ وَمَا لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ مِنۡ أَنصَارٖ

(المائدہ : 72)

They have certainly disbelieved who say, ” Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Indeed, he who associates others with Allah – Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.

(Surah Al-Ma’idah: 72)

It is very clear that Paradise is eternally forbidden to the polytheist and his eternal abode is Hell. That is, in the Hereafter where there is no such thing as death, the polytheist will burn in Hell forever and ever. Imagine a life in which thousands of years pass, not just millions and millions of years, billions of years will pass but death will not come, so what will happen to this polytheist, one layer of skin will burn, another will be made, another will burn, then a third, the body will be rebuilt millions of times, but there will be no escape from hell۔

Now we come to Surah An-Nisa 'again. 

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُۚ وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰٓ إِثۡمًا عَظِيمًا

[النساء: 48]

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin.

It is known that shirk is not forgiven in any case, but Allah Almighty can forgive other sins for whomever He wills and as much as He wants, even in a Hadith Qudsi the Prophet (ﷺ) says that Allah Almighty said:

، عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا وَأَزِيدُ وَمَنْ جَاءَ بِالسَّيِّئَةِ فَجَزَاؤُهُ سَيِّئَةٌ مِثْلُهَا أَوْ أَغْفِرُ وَمَنْ تَقَرَّبَ مِنِّي شِبْرًا تَقَرَّبْتُ مِنْهُ ذِرَاعًا وَمَنْ تَقَرَّبَ مِنِّي ذِرَاعًا تَقَرَّبْتُ مِنْهُ بَاعًا وَمَنْ أَتَانِي يَمْشِي أَتَيْتُهُ هَرْوَلَةً وَمَنْ لَقِيَنِي بِقُرَابِ الأَرْضِ خَطِيئَةً لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْئًا لَقِيتُهُ بِمِثْلِهَا مَغْفِرَةً ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏

(  مسلم ، كتاب الذِّكْرِ وَالدُّعَاءِ وَالتَّوْبَةِ وَالِاسْتِغْفَارِ ،   بَابُ فَضْلِ الذِّكْرِ وَالدُّعَاءِ وَالتَّقَرُّبِ إِلَى اللهِ تَعَالَى )

Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, stated:

“He who comes with goodness, there are in store for him ten like those and even more than those: ‘And he who comes with vice, it is only for that that he is called to account. I even forgive him (as I like) and he who draws close to Me by the span of a palm I draw close to him by the cubit, and he who draws close to Me by the cubit I draw close to him by the space (covered) by two hands, and he who walks towards Me I rush towards him, and he who meets Me in the state that his sins fill the earth, but not associating anything with Me, I would meet Him with the same (vastness) of pardon (on My behalf).” This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Waki’.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book Pertaining to the Remembrance of Allah, Supplication, Repentance and Seeking Forgiveness, Chapter: The Virtue of Remembrance, Supplication, Drawing Close To Allah and Thinking Positively Of Him).

Think about the reason why Allah is so strict in the matter of shirk and has room for forgiveness for other sins.

عَنْ مُعَاذٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ كُنْتُ رِدْفَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى حِمَارٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ عُفَيْرٌ، فَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا مُعَاذُ، هَلْ تَدْرِي حَقَّ اللَّهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ وَمَا حَقُّ الْعِبَادِ عَلَى اللَّهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنَّ حَقَّ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْعِبَادِ أَنْ يَعْبُدُوهُ وَلاَ يُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَحَقَّ الْعِبَادِ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ لاَ يُعَذِّبَ مَنْ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، أَفَلاَ أُبَشِّرُ بِهِ النَّاسَ قَالَ ‏”‏ لاَ تُبَشِّرْهُمْ فَيَتَّكِلُوا ‏”‏‏.

( بخاری ، کتاب الجہاد و السیر، بَابُ اسْمِ الفَرَسِ وَالحِمَارِ )

Narrated Mu`adh: I was a companion rider of the Prophet (ﷺ) on a donkey called ‘Ufair. The Prophet (ﷺ) asked, “O Mu`adh! Do you know what Allah’s right on His slaves is, and what the right of His slaves on Him is?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” He said, “Allah’s right on His slaves is that they should worship Him (Alone) and should not worship any besides Him. And slave’s right on Allah is that He should not punish him who worships none besides Him.” I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Should I not inform the people of this good news?” He said, “Do not inform them of it, lest they should depend on it.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), Chapter: To name a horse and a donkey).

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin helpers.

 (Surah Nisa : 48)

It is very clear that Paradise is eternally forbidden to the polytheist and his eternal abode is Hell. That is, in the Hereafter where there is no such thing as death, the polytheist will burn in Hell forever and ever. Imagine a life in which thousands of years pass, not just millions and millions of years, billions of years will pass but death will not come, so what will happen to this polytheist, one layer of skin will burn, another will be made, another will burn, then a third, the body will be rebuilt millions of times, but there will be no escape from hell۔

Now we come to Surah An-Nisa ‘again.

﴿إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُۚ وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰٓ إِثۡمًا عَظِيمًا﴾

[النساء: 48]

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin.

(Surah Nisa : 48)

It is known that shirk is not forgiven in any case, but Allah Almighty can forgive other sins for whomever He wills and as much as He wants, even in a Hadith Qudsi the Prophet (ﷺ) says that Allah Almighty said:

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا وَأَزِيدُ وَمَنْ جَاءَ بِالسَّيِّئَةِ فَجَزَاؤُهُ سَيِّئَةٌ مِثْلُهَا أَوْ أَغْفِرُ وَمَنْ تَقَرَّبَ مِنِّي شِبْرًا تَقَرَّبْتُ مِنْهُ ذِرَاعًا وَمَنْ تَقَرَّبَ مِنِّي ذِرَاعًا تَقَرَّبْتُ مِنْهُ بَاعًا وَمَنْ أَتَانِي يَمْشِي أَتَيْتُهُ هَرْوَلَةً وَمَنْ لَقِيَنِي بِقُرَابِ الأَرْضِ خَطِيئَةً لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْئًا لَقِيتُهُ بِمِثْلِهَا مَغْفِرَةً ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ

(  مسلم ، كتاب الذِّكْرِ وَالدُّعَاءِ وَالتَّوْبَةِ وَالِاسْتِغْفَارِ ،   بَابُ فَضْلِ الذِّكْرِ وَالدُّعَاءِ وَالتَّقَرُّبِ إِلَى اللهِ تَعَالَى )

Abu Hurera reported Allah’s Messengerﷺ stated:

“He who comes with goodness, there are in store for him ten like those and even more than those: ‘And he who comes with vice, it is only for that that he is called to account. I even forgive him (as I like) and he who draws close to Me by the span of a palm I draw close to him by the cubit, and he who draws close to Me by the cubit I draw close to him by the space (covered) by two hands, and he who walks towards Me I rush towards him, and he who meets Me in the state that his sins fill the earth, but not associating anything with Me, I would meet Him with the same (vastness) of pardon (on My behalf).” This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Waki’.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book Pertaining to the Remembrance of Allah, Supplication, Repentance and Seeking Forgiveness, Chapter: The Virtue of Remembrance, Supplication, Drawing Close To Allah and Thinking Positively Of Him).

Think about the reason why Allah is so strict in the matter of shirk and has room for forgiveness for other sins.

عَنْ مُعَاذٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ كُنْتُ رِدْفَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى حِمَارٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ عُفَيْرٌ، فَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا مُعَاذُ، هَلْ تَدْرِي حَقَّ اللَّهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ وَمَا حَقُّ الْعِبَادِ عَلَى اللَّهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنَّ حَقَّ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْعِبَادِ أَنْ يَعْبُدُوهُ وَلاَ يُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَحَقَّ الْعِبَادِ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ لاَ يُعَذِّبَ مَنْ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، أَفَلاَ أُبَشِّرُ بِهِ النَّاسَ قَالَ ‏”‏ لاَ تُبَشِّرْهُمْ فَيَتَّكِلُوا ‏”‏‏.

( بخاری ، کتاب الجہاد و السیر، بَابُ اسْمِ الفَرَسِ وَالحِمَارِ )

Narrated Mu`adh: I was a companion rider of the Prophet (ﷺ) on a donkey called ‘Ufeer. The Prophet (ﷺ) asked, “O Mu`adh! Do you know what Allah’s right on His slaves is, and what the right of His slaves on Him is?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” He said, “Allah’s right on His slaves is that they should worship Him (Alone) and should not worship any besides Him. And slave’s right on Allah is that He should not punish him who worships none besides Him.” I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Should I not inform the people of this good news?” He said, “Do not inform them of it, lest they should depend on it.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), Chapter: To name a horse and a donkey).

Will Allah forgive his right?

No not at all. The right of Allah is that no one should associate anything with Him, that is why Allah will not forgive shirk except other sins He will forgive as much as He wills for whomsoever He wills. Think of it this way that any quality of Allah His being His attributes rights and power are associated with someone that describes him equivalent to Him is unforgiveable, but other sins in which His being, attributes, rights and powers are not affected are forgivable. For example, if a person steals, devour usury, commits adultery, then all these acts are harmful for him, but he does not commit shirk, so these sins can be forgiven as much as Allah wills. On the contrary, a person calls any of His Allah’s servants other than Allah “Ghous-ul-Azam” (the greatest helper in the Universe), so this is the only attribute of Allah and He has associated His servant with Allah’s attribute and has committed Al shirk. Allah Almighty provides all His creatures with all kinds of necessities which is called Al-Wahab (Giver) in Arabic. Now, if a servant calls and considers a deceased person as “Data” (giver or provider) and attends his shrine according to this belief, prays to him, so it is like as if he has contributed Allah’s attributes to the deceased. After such an act, if he dies without repentance, then Paradise is forbidden to him forever.

In the present age, this ummah is involved in various forms of shirk. Here we are describing some of the forms of shirk so that everyone who utters it can protect himself from such misguidance as shirk. In sha Allah, the details will be explained soon.

For example, supplicating from other deceased people besides Allah Almighty, going to graves and distributing feast and sweets in the name of the deceased, make offerings and making vows there, sacrifice or slaughtering animals near graves or shrines, circumambulation of graves or kneeling and bowing down, praying facing the graves or prostrating, traveling to the graves with the intention of reward and blessing, seeking help from Allah with slogans such as Ya Rasool Madad, Ya Ali Madad, or Ya Ghaus-ul-Madad, etc. Wearing a bracelet to avoid illness or trouble, hanging thread and amulet, tying Imam Zaman. Wearing a special stone ring, hanging a child’s old shoe to protect the car, putting cow horns to protect the house. Fortune-telling from birds or humans, trying to harm others by magic, ‘Going to astrologers to find out your destiny and confirm them, reporting earthly events from astrology, seeking rain through the stars, leaving animals in the name of other than Allah, Obedience to the Maulvis and Muftis of one’s sect in matters contrary to the Qur’an and Sunnah with the intention that it is permissible, leaving the religion of Allah, the religion of Islam and adopting the systems and manmade religions. Religion of Allah, belonging to sects and groups formed in the name of Islam, etc. all these matters are polytheistic. Those who are concerned for the Hereafter, and at that very moment turn to Allah and repent, for we do not know at what moment death should overtake us.

The infamy of polytheism

Earlier, we explained the meaning of shirk and some of the polytheistic beliefs and practices prevalent in this ummah. In this post, we have stated the command of Allah that for the one who dies in the state of polytheism, Allah Almighty has declared eternal Hell as obligatory and Paradise as forbidden. In this post, we will further point out from the Qur’an and Hadith, In Sha Allah, what a heinous act polytheism is. In Surah An’am, Allah Almighty mentions eighteen chosen Prophets (peace be upon them) i.e. Isaac, Jacob, Noah, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, Aaron, Zechariah, John, Jesus, Elias, Ishmael, Jesus, Jonah and Lot.

وَإِسۡمَٰعِيلَ وَٱلۡيَسَعَ وَيُونُسَ وَلُوطٗاۚ وَكُلّٗا فَضَّلۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ

(سورہ الانعام : 86)

__and Ismai’l and Yasa_ and Yunus and LuT, and all of them We made to excel over all the people of the world (in their respective times).

وَمِنۡ ءَابَآئِهِمۡ وَذُرِّيَّٰتِهِمۡ وَإِخۡوَٰنِهِمۡۖ وَٱجۡتَبَيۡنَٰهُمۡ وَهَدَيۡنَٰهُمۡ إِلَىٰ صِرَٰطٖ مُّسۡتَقِيمٖ

(سورہ الانعام : 87)

And [some] among their fathers and their descendants and their brothers – and We chose them and We guided them to a straight path.

ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى ٱللَّهِ يَهۡدِي بِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦۚ وَلَوۡ أَشۡرَكُواْ لَحَبِطَ عَنۡهُم مَّا كَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ

(سورہ الانعام : 88)

That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whomever He wills of His servants. But if they had associated others with Allah, then worthless for them would be whatever they were doing.
(Surah Al-An’am: 83-88)

Allah said in Surah Az-Zumar:

وَلَقَدۡ أُوحِيَ إِلَيۡكَ وَإِلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِكَ لَئِنۡ أَشۡرَكۡتَ لَيَحۡبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلۡخَٰسِرِينَ

( الزمر : 65 )

And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah, your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.”

(Surah Az-Zumar:65)

The Prophets (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all) were never polytheists, but they came to put an end to polytheism. Here to define the grave crime or enormity of polytheism (shirk) 18 prophets are mentioned by name and then in Surah Zumar it has been said by addressing the Prophet , Allah forbid, if our Prophet ﷺ would have committed shirk or subordinated anything or anyone in Allah’s divinity, all his deeds, his prayers, his (Salat ul Tahajud) late night prayers , his fasting, his striving to go out in the way of Allah would have been crumbled and he would have been among the losers in the sight of Allah. 

The polytheistic nations are destroyed:

قُلْ سِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَانظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلُ ۚ كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُم مُّشْرِكِينَ –

( الروم : 42 )

Say, “Travel through the land and observe how was the end of those before. Most of them were associators [of others with Allah].

(Surah Ar-Rum:42)

It is stated in this verse that the punishment of Allah comes upon the nations in which people start associating polytheism frequently. The Qur’an and Hadith mention many nations that Allah destroyed them with this punishment. In the verse of Surah An’am, it has been told that for whom is peace and guidance:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُم بِظُلْمٍ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ –

( الانعام : 82 )

They who believe and do not mix their belief with injustice  (Shirk ) – those will have security, and they are [rightly] guided.

(Surah Al-An’am:82)

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتِ ‏{‏الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُمْ بِظُلْمٍ‏}‏ قَالَ أَصْحَابُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَيُّنَا لَمْ يَظْلِمْ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ‏{‏إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ‏}‏‏.‏

( بخاری، کتاب الایمان ، بَابٌ: ظُلْمٌ دُونَ ظُلْمٍ )

Narrated ‘Abdullah: When the following Verse was revealed: “It is those who believe and confuse not their belief with wrong (worshipping others besides Allah.)” (Surah Al-An’am:82) , the companions of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) asked, “Who is amongst us who had not done injustice (wrong)?” Allah revealed: “No doubt, joining others in worship with Allah is a great injustice (wrong) indeed.” (Luqman : 13)

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Belief, Chapter: Dhulm (wrong) of one kind can be greater or lesser than that of another)

That is, faith is the only valid one in there is no trace of shirk. If there is a claim of faith and disbelief and polytheism are also taking place, then such faith is not acceptable in the sight of Allah Almighty.

Allah said:

وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُم بِاللَّهِ إِلَّا وَهُم مُّشْرِكُونَ

(یوسف : 106 )

And most of them believe not in Allah except while they associate others with Him.

(Surah Yusuf: 106)

In this verse of the Qur’an, Allah Almighty has made it clear that despite believing in Allah, the majority of people are involved in shirk. That is, the claim that our trust is in Allah Almighty, but they hang amulets to cure diseases, increase in earnings, and bind imam zamin for protection, then tell us what kind of faith this is. When reliance or trust diverted from Allah and to other things, then it has become shirk, so Allah sends punishment on the nations in which shirk is practiced.

It is also forbidden to pray for the forgiveness of a polytheist:

Allah said:

مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَن يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَىٰ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ

( التوبہ : 113 )

It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even if they were relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire.

 (Surah At-Tawbah:113)

In Surah Al-Hashr, on the one hand, Allah Himself taught the believers to pray for those who passed away before them, but on the other hand how unfortunate is the polytheist that Allah forbade Prophet ﷺ and believers not to make prayer of absolution (Pray for their forgiveness after their death) for polytheist. Therefore, the person who dies on shirk (as a polytheist), do not pray for his funeral prayer (salat ul mayat) as it is also prayer for forgiveness and do not supplicate for his forgiveness at any other time.

Marriage to polytheists is also forbidden:

Allah said:

وَلَا تَنكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّىٰ يُؤْمِنَّ ۚ وَلَأَمَةٌ مُّؤْمِنَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكَةٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ ۗ وَلَا تُنكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَتَّىٰ يُؤْمِنُوا ۚ وَلَعَبْدٌ مُّؤْمِنٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكُمْ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يَدْعُو إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ بِإِذْنِهِ ۖ وَيُبَيِّنُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

( البقر: 221 )

And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might please you. And do not marry polytheistic men [to your women] until they believe. And a believing slave is better than a polytheist, even though he might please you. Those invite [you] to the Fire, but Allah invites to Paradise and to forgiveness, by His permission. And He makes clear His verses to the people that perhaps they may remember.

 (Surah Al-Baqarah:221)

How much Allah hates the polytheist because He commands His believing servants that a believing man should never marry any polytheist woman and says that a believing slave is better than this polytheist woman no matter how much you like that polytheist woman. In the same way, a believing woman should never be married to a polytheistic man. A believing slave is better than that. This command was given because after marrying a polytheist, it is quite likely to adopt the customs and traditions and at the end it ends up in eternal hell. However, in Surah Al-Ma’ida, believing men can marry chaste women of the People of the Book. Remember that this is only a leave, otherwise the ruling is not to marry a polytheist.

At the end of this post we are quoting a verse from Surah Al-Hajj which will give you an idea of ​​the fate of the polytheists:

حُنَفَاءَ لِلَّهِ غَيْرَ مُشْرِكِينَ بِهِ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا خَرَّ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَتَخْطَفُهُ الطَّيْرُ أَوْ تَهْوِي بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي مَكَانٍ سَحِيقٍ

( الحج : 31 )

Inclining [only] to Allah, not associating [anything] with Him. And he who associates with Allah – it is as though he had fallen from the sky and was snatched by the birds or the wind carried him down into a remote place.

(Surah Al-Haj:31)

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English Articles

Belief of Azab e Qabar

In The light of Quran and Sahih Hadith

The Belief about the Punishment in Grave.

Today in Ummat e Muslima the main cause of shirk is in believing that dead person brought back to life in this grave. Whereas Quran and Sahih Hadith completely deny the return of soul in dead body (o’ud rooh), life or punishment in this worldly grave and Quran and Sahih Hadith are clear on this, after spending our worldly life, dead person is dead until the day of resurrection. After becoming dead this dead body becomes insensitive and gradually corpse starts to decay and then later on turn into soil.

It is a matter of extreme sadness that this Ummat e Muslima is engulfed in the shirk (setting up partners to Allah) through worshipping grave after having thrown the guidance of the book of Allah behind their backs. Majority of them believe that the dead body in this worldly grave is alive, not only alive… now even same dead body can hear and see us, and then same belief turns in to calling these dead bodies of various personalities to be alive, considering them as daata (provider), mushkil kusha (problem solver) and haajat rawa (one who gives to the needy), the path for grave worship is leveled. Due to this reason they are not invoking Allah alone and to please these dead personalities they give vows and oblations.

The reason of all these false believes is (o’ud rooh) the return of soul into the dead body and life in this worldly grave. Firstly in the name of punishment of grave and Questions and Answers the belief of returning of the soul gets presented and then once soul has return back to dead body now its alive and now this personality can solve our problems, can provide to needy etc. Basically, these are attributes of Allah but they end up giving it to the dead bodies.

In this series we will In Sha Allah in the light of Quran and Sahih Hadith do our best to explicit what is the punishment of the grave, where and how does it happen? It is obvious that soul and punishment of grave are the matter of ghaib (unseen) we cannot say much about the condition of this, but Quran and sahih Hadith has given us enough specification to keep us away from so called scholars and sheikhs self made belief of returning of soul into the dead body, dead can hear and torment and blessing of grave.

 We hope you will read this with your full attention and at the same we will request you humbly if you find something incorrect please correct us with the refence of Quran and Sahih Hadith.

Horror of the Azab e Qabar  as per Hadith of Prophet (ﷺ)

The Prophet’s (ﷺ) hadith:

أَسْمَائَ بِنْتَ أَبِي بَکْرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا تَقُولُ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّی اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خَطِيبًا فَذَکَرَ فِتْنَةَ الْقَبْرِ الَّتِي يَفْتَتِنُ فِيهَا الْمَرْئُ فَلَمَّا ذَکَرَ ذَلِکَ ضَجَّ الْمُسْلِمُونَ ضَجَّةً

( عن اسماء ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الجانئز ، بَابُ مَا جَاءَ فِي عَذَابِ القَبْرِ )

Narrated Asma’ bint Abi Bakr ( RZ ): Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) once stood up delivering a sermon and mentioned the trial which people will face in the grave. When he mentioned that, the Muslims started grumbling.

(Sahih al-Bukhari 1373. In-book reference: Book 23, Hadith 126)

What is the Punishment Azab e Qabar ?

Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Quran:

يُثَبِّتُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِٱلۡقَوۡلِ ٱلثَّابِتِ فِي ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَفِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِۖ وَيُضِلُّ ٱللَّهُ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَۚ وَيَفۡعَلُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ

[إبراهيم: 27]

Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray the wrongdoers. And Allah does what He wills.

The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned the following for this ayat:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا نَزَلَتْ فِي عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ

( عن براء بن عازب ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابُ مَا جَاءَ فِي عَذَابِ القَبْرِ )

“Allah will keep firm those who believe . . . was revealed concerning the punishment of the grave.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 1369,In-book reference: Book 23, Hadith 122

الْمُسْلِمُ إِذَا سُئِلَ فِي الْقَبْرِ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَذَلِکَ قَوْلُهُ يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ

( عن براء بن عازب ،بخاری، کتاب تفسیر القرآن ، باب: يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ )

Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When a Muslim is questioned in his grave, he will testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), and that is what is meant by Allah’s Statement:– “Allah will keep firm those who believe with a Word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter.”

USC-MSA web (English) reference: Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 221.Arabic reference: Book 65, Hadith 4699

It is understood that punishment and reward in the grave is related to the person’s aakhira (hereafter).

Where does the Aakhira (hereafter) of a Person start from?

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا، قَالَتْ: تُوُفِّيَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي بَيْتِي، وَفِي يَوْمِي، وَبَيْنَ سَحْرِي وَنَحْرِي، وَكَانَتْ إِحْدَانَا تُعَوِّذُهُ بِدُعَاءٍ إِذَا مَرِضَ، فَذَهَبْتُ أُعَوِّذُهُ، فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ، وَقَالَ: «فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى، فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى»، وَمَرَّ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَفِي يَدِهِ جَرِيدَةٌ رَطْبَةٌ، فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّ لَهُ بِهَا حَاجَةً، فَأَخَذْتُهَا، فَمَضَغْتُ رَأْسَهَا، وَنَفَضْتُهَا، فَدَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْهِ، فَاسْتَنَّ بِهَا كَأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانَ مُسْتَنًّا، ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِيهَا، فَسَقَطَتْ يَدُهُ، أَوْ: سَقَطَتْ مِنْ يَدِهِ، فَجَمَعَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَ رِيقِي وَرِيقِهِ فِي آخِرِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا، وَأَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الآخِرَةِ

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، باب: مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ)

Narrated `Aisha: The Prophet (ﷺ) expired in my house and on the day of my turn, leaning against my chest…`Abdur- Rahman bin Abu Bakr passed carrying a fresh leaf-stalk of a date-palm and the Prophet (ﷺ) looked at it and I thought that the Prophet (ﷺ) was in need of it (for cleaning his teeth). So I took it (from `Abdur Rahman) and chewed its head and shook it and gave it to the Prophet (ﷺ) who cleaned his teeth with it, in the best way he had ever cleaned his teeth, and then he gave it to me, and suddenly his hand dropped down or it fell from his hand (i.e. he expired). So Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva on his last day on earth and his first day in the Hereafter.

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari 4451،In-book reference: Book 64, Hadith 471

From the above-mentioned Hadith, it is proven that as soon as a person’s soul is captured, the duration of this life finishes, and the matter of hereafter begins.

What does happen with person as hereafter begins

﴿ٱلَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّىٰهُمُ ٱلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ ظَالِمِيٓ أَنفُسِهِمۡۖ فَأَلۡقَوُاْ ٱلسَّلَمَ مَا كُنَّا نَعۡمَلُ مِن سُوٓءِۢۚ بَلَىٰٓۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمُۢ بِمَا كُنتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُونَ﴾

[النحل: 28]

The ones whom the angels take in death [while] wronging themselves, and [who] then offer submission, [saying], “We were not doing any evil.” But, yes! Indeed, Allah is Knowing of what you used to do.

﴿فَٱدۡخُلُوٓاْ أَبۡوَٰبَ جَهَنَّمَ خَٰلِدِينَ فِيهَاۖ فَلَبِئۡسَ مَثۡوَى ٱلۡمُتَكَبِّرِينَ﴾

[النحل: 29]

So enter the gates of Hell to abide eternally therein, and how wretched is the residence of the arrogant.

﴿. . .  وَلَوۡ تَرَىٰٓ إِذِ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ فِي غَمَرَٰتِ ٱلۡمَوۡتِ وَٱلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ بَاسِطُوٓاْ أَيۡدِيهِمۡ أَخۡرِجُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمُۖ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ تُجۡزَوۡنَ عَذَابَ ٱلۡهُونِ بِمَا كُنتُمۡ تَقُولُونَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡحَقِّ وَكُنتُمۡ عَنۡ ءَايَٰتِهِۦ تَسۡتَكۡبِرُونَ﴾

 [الأنعام: 93]

And who is more unjust than one who invents a lie about Allah or says, “It has been inspired to me,” while nothing has been inspired to him, and one who says, “I will reveal [something] like what Allah revealed.” And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.”

﴿ٱلَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّىٰهُمُ ٱلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ طَيِّبِينَ يَقُولُونَ سَلَٰمٌ عَلَيۡكُمُ ٱدۡخُلُواْ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ بِمَا كُنتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُونَ﴾

[النحل: 32]

The ones whom the angels take in death, [being] good and pure; [the angels] will say, “Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise for what you used to do.”

From above mentioned Quranic Verses and Sahih Hadith, it is proven that as soon as a person’s soul is seized, the duration of this life finishes, and the matter of akhira (hereafter) begins and the next stage is either the reward in Paradise or the torment in hell. In this Allah keeps believer firm as Allah does in world and from above mentioned Sahih Bukhari Hadith of  Bara bin Azib that is torment of grave.

What happens to a Person’s soul after death?

This is our second series in relation to the belief of punishment of the grave, in which we will In sha Allah attempt to make clear the most important and basic belief of punishment of grave in the light of Quran and Sahih Hadith, as there is vast majority of among Ummat e Muslima disagrees in regards to this matter and hopefully In sha Allah after reading this we will be able to rectify ourselves and would be able correct our belief.

In series 1 we discussed in the light of Quran and Sahih Hadith when a person dies his Aakhira (Hereafter) life begins straight away means his last moment in this world is his first moment of hereafter as this is what we gathered from Mother Ayesha when informing us about moments of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)’s death time in Sahih Bukhari.

We understood in the light of Quran and Sahih Hadith the punishment of the grave begins at the point of death when angels capture the soul, and the punishment of the grave is also a part of Punishment of hereafter.  

The most important question is what happens next to the soul of the dead persons as life of hereafter begins? This is what we are going to find out In sha Allah now in the light of Quran and sahih Hadith.

In Quran Surah Yaseen, Allah has mentioned one Muslim man known as a man from Surah Yaseen. When in this nation Allah sent two Messengers and then third Messenger to support and they said to their nation that we are Messengers and we have been sent by Allah. Our only duty is to convey the open message of Allah the Lord of the Universe. But the unfortunate nation rejected the message due to those prophets being human. Anyways meanwhile this Man (as known as man from Surah Yaseen) came from far end of the city. As Allah has mentioned in Surah Yaseen:

وَجَاءَ مِنْ أَقْصَى الْمَدِينَةِ رَجُلٌ يَسْعَىٰ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اتَّبِعُوا الْمُرْسَلِينَ

( Surah Yaseen : 20)

“And there came from the farthest end of the city a man, running. He said, “O my people, follow the messengers.”

اتَّبِعُوا مَن لَّا يَسْأَلُكُمْ أَجْرًا وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ

( Surah Yaseen :21)

“Follow those who do not ask of you [any] payment, and they are [rightly] guided.”

وَمَا لِيَ لَا أَعْبُدُ الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

( Surah Yaseen :22)

‘and why should I not worship He who created me and to whom you will be returned?”

أَأَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً إِن يُرِدْنِ الرَّحْمَٰنُ بِضُرٍّ لَّا تُغْنِ عَنِّي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يُنقِذُونِ

( Surah Yaseen :23)

“Should I take other than Him [false] deities [while], if the Most Merciful intends for me some adversity, their intercession will not avail me at all, nor can they save me?”

إِنِّي إِذًا لَّفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

 ( Surah Yaseen :24)

“Indeed, I would then be in manifest error.”

إِنِّي آمَنتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ فَاسْمَعُونِ

( Surah Yaseen :25)

“Indeed, I have believed in your Lord, so listen to me .”

After listening to this his people martyred him so what happened after this? Allah has mentioned in Quran

قِيلَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ ۖ قَالَ يَا لَيْتَ قَوْمِي يَعْلَمُونَ

( Surah Yaseen :26)

“It was said, “Enter Paradise.” He said, “I wish my people could know.”

بِمَا غَفَرَ لِي رَبِّي وَجَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ

( Surah Yaseen :27)

“Of how my Lord has forgiven me and placed me among the honoured.”

Means entered Paradise straight after death and even there he is worried about his people and wanted them to find out what happened to him and how Allah has honoured him.

What happened at the time of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)’s death?

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا ثَقُلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم جَعَلَ يَتَغَشَّاهُ، فَقَالَتْ فَاطِمَةُ ـ عَلَيْهَا السَّلاَمُ ـ وَاكَرْبَ أَبَاهُ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهَا ‏ “‏ لَيْسَ عَلَى أَبِيكِ كَرْبٌ بَعْدَ الْيَوْمِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَلَمَّا مَاتَ قَالَتْ يَا أَبَتَاهْ، أَجَابَ رَبًّا دَعَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ مَنْ جَنَّةُ الْفِرْدَوْسِ مَأْوَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ إِلَى جِبْرِيلَ نَنْعَاهْ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا دُفِنَ قَالَتْ فَاطِمَةُ ـ عَلَيْهَا السَّلاَمُ ـ يَا أَنَسُ، أَطَابَتْ أَنْفُسُكُمْ أَنْ تَحْثُوا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم التُّرَابَ

(صحیح البخاری: کتاب المغازی؛ بَابُ مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ )

Narrated Anas: When the ailment of the Prophet (ﷺ) got aggravated, he became unconscious whereupon Fatima said, “Oh, how distressed my father is!” He said, “Your father will have no more distress after today.” When he expired, she said, “O Father! Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him! O Father, whose dwelling place is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)! O Father! We convey this news (of your death) to Gabriel.” When he was buried, Fatima said, “O Anas! Do you feel pleased to throw earth over Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)?”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet (ﷺ) and his death )

Now you can clearly see in this hadith at the time of Prophet (ﷺ) death the matter was so fresh that Fatima thought that Gabriel would not even know that Prophet (ﷺ) has died. But her belief is clear from her words that Prophet (ﷺ) after his death has reached Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus).

Story of two men among Bani Isra’il

قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ كَانَ رَجُلاَنِ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مُتَآخِيَيْنِ فَكَانَ أَحَدُهُمَا يُذْنِبُ وَالآخَرُ مُجْتَهِدٌ فِي الْعِبَادَةِ فَكَانَ لاَ يَزَالُ الْمُجْتَهِدُ يَرَى الآخَرَ عَلَى الذَّنْبِ فَيَقُولُ أَقْصِرْ ‏.‏ فَوَجَدَهُ يَوْمًا عَلَى ذَنْبٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَقْصِرْ فَقَالَ خَلِّنِي وَرَبِّي أَبُعِثْتَ عَلَىَّ رَقِيبًا فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ يَغْفِرُ اللَّهُ لَكَ أَوْ لاَ يُدْخِلُكَ اللَّهُ الْجَنَّةَ ‏.‏ فَقُبِضَ أَرْوَاحُهُمَا فَاجْتَمَعَا عِنْدَ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَقَالَ لِهَذَا الْمُجْتَهِدِ أَكُنْتَ بِي عَالِمًا أَوْ كُنْتَ عَلَى مَا فِي يَدِي قَادِرًا وَقَالَ لِلْمُذْنِبِ اذْهَبْ فَادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ بِرَحْمَتِي وَقَالَ لِلآخَرِ اذْهَبُوا بِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَتَكَلَّمَ بِكَلِمَةٍ أَوْبَقَتْ دُنْيَاهُ وَآخِرَتَهُ ‏.‏

( سنن ابی داؤد، کتاب الادب،بَابٌ فِي النَّهْيِ عَنِ البَغْيِ؛ حكم الألباني: صحيح)

Narrated AbuHurayrah: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: There were two men among Banu Isra’il, who were striving for the same goal. One of them would commit sin and the other would strive to do his best in the world. The man who exerted himself in worship continued to see the other in sin.

He would say: Refrain from it. One day he found him in sin and said to him: Refrain from it.

He said: Leave me alone with my Lord. Have you been sent as a watchman over me? He said: I swear by Allah, Allah will not forgive you, nor will he admit you to Paradise. Then their souls were taken back (by Allah), and they met together with the Lord of the worlds.

He (Allah) said to this man who had striven hard in worship; Had you knowledge about Me or had you power over that which I had in My hand? He said to the man who sinned: Go and enter Paradise by My mercy. He said about the other: Take him to Hell.

AbuHurayrah said: By Him in Whose hand my soul is, he spoke a word by which this world and the next world of his were destroyed.”

(Sunan Abi Dawud » Book of General Behaviour (Kitab Al-Adab), Chapter: Regarding the prohibition of wronging others)

From this hadith we can gather this belief that after capturing the soul it does not enter in this worldly grave but reached to Allah. (We all are well aware Allah is at his Throne which is above Al Firdaus, Paradise) and after having conversation with both men to reward and punish Allah ordered them to enter Paradise and Hell not in this worldly grave. (We will continue on this topic In sha Allah in next post 3)

People of Nuh (عليه السلام) were drowned and then entered into the Fire

﴿مِّمَّا خَطِيٓـَٰٔتِهِمۡ أُغۡرِقُواْ فَأُدۡخِلُواْ نَارٗا فَلَمۡ يَجِدُواْ لَهُم مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ أَنصَارٗا﴾

 [نوح: 25]

“Because of their sins they were drowned and put into the Fire ( hell ), and they found not for themselves besides Allah [any] helpers. “

( Suran Nuh : 10 )

From the verse above it is clear that nation of Nuh (عليه السلام) were killed when Allah drowned them as punishment and then straight away they entered into the Fire that means hell. Their dead bodies were here in this world and there was no one to carry their dead bodies on four shoulders to bury them in this worldly grave, so after burying their dead bodies would they have heard the footsteps of those who would of buried them and in this worldly grave would have answered angel’s questions.

But still after death they entered in hell and that’s their punishment of grave.

Torment of Nuh (عليه السلام) and lut (عليه السلام)’s wives

﴿ضَرَبَ ٱللَّهُ مَثَلٗا لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱمۡرَأَتَ نُوحٖ وَٱمۡرَأَتَ لُوطٖۖ كَانَتَا تَحۡتَ عَبۡدَيۡنِ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا صَٰلِحَيۡنِ فَخَانَتَاهُمَا فَلَمۡ يُغۡنِيَا عَنۡهُمَا مِنَ ٱللَّهِ شَيۡ‍ٔٗا وَقِيلَ ٱدۡخُلَا ٱلنَّارَ مَعَ ٱلدَّٰخِلِينَ﴾

 [التحريم: 10]

“Allah presents an example of those who disbelieved: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. They were under two of Our righteous servants but betrayed them, so those prophets did not avail them from Allah at all, and it was said, “Enter the Fire with those who enter.”

 (Surah At-Tahrim 10)

So you can see here, like anyone else who has denied the verses of Allah, wives of these two Prophets Nuh (عليه السلام) and lut (عليه السلام) after their death entered the hell.

Torment of grave to Amr bin ‘Amir bin Luhai Al-Khuza`i

أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ رَأَيْتُ جَهَنَّمَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا، وَرَأَيْتُ عَمْرًا يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ، وَهْوَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَيَّبَ السَّوَائِبَ ‏”‏‏.

( بخاری، کتاب التفسیر ، بَابُ {مَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ مِنْ بَحِيرَةٍ وَلاَ سَائِبَةٍ، وَلاَ وَصِيلَةٍ وَلاَ حَامٍ})

Narrated `Aisha: “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “I saw Hell and its different portions were consuming each other and saw `Amr dragging his intestines (in it), and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose (for the idols).”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (ﷺ))

Torment of grave to Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik:

‏وَرَأَيْتُ أَبَا ثُمَامَةَ عَمْرَو بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّارِ ‏

(مسلم ، کتاب الکسوف ، بَابُ مَا عُرِضَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي صَلَاةِ الْكُسُوفِ مِنْ أَمْرِ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ)

“And I saw Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik who was dragging his intestines in Hell.”

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: What Was Shown To The Prophet Of Paradise And Hell During The Eclipse Prayer)

Torment of grave on tying the cat:

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ عُذِّبَتِ امْرَأَةٌ فِي هِرَّةٍ حَبَسَتْهَا، حَتَّى مَاتَتْ جُوعًا، فَدَخَلَتْ فِيهَا النَّارَ ـ قَالَ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ ـ لاَ أَنْتِ أَطْعَمْتِهَا وَلاَ سَقَيْتِهَا حِينَ حَبَسْتِيهَا، وَلاَ أَنْتِ أَرْسَلْتِيهَا فَأَكَلَتْ مِنْ خَشَاشِ الأَرْضِ ‏”‏‏.‏

(بخاری، کتاب المساقاۃ ، بَابُ فَضْلِ سَقْيِ المَاءِ )

Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: “Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “A woman was tortured and was put in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it died of hunger.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), ‘You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Distribution of Water, Chapter: The superiority of providing water)

From Quran and Sahih Hadith we can clearly see that after death place of reward and punishment is Paradise and Hell. Apart from these evidences there are still lots of evidences are in Quran and Sahih Hadith which we will In sha Allah present later on in coming series. In short from Quran and sahih Hadith are evident that the actual place of reward and punishment is Paradise and Hell not this worldly grave which not everyone gets it.

What happens to the dead body After death?

Previously  we attempt to explain the torment of the grave with evidence from the Quran and sahih Hadith. In sha Allah this will enable us to rectify the various opinions we have currently in the Ummat and figure out the correct belief as per Quran and sahih hadith.

We also concluded that after death the soul as confirmed from the Quran and sahih Hadith immediately either enters Paradise for reward or Hell for punishment. Allah in his book (Quran) and Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) also informed us about people who are going through reward and punishment which are in sahih Hadith in all of them the place of punishment is Hell and place of reward is Paradise.

After this the question arises in our minds if soul is going through this in Paradise or Hell so then what happens to the dead body after death?

We need to understand in the basic form that a human comprises of two things which make it alive, the soul and the body. When the soul first enters the body in the womb, it becomes life and when the soul is extracted it becomes a dead body.

Condition of human body after death

When a human’s appointed time has come to an end, by Allah’s command the angels of death is sent to extract the soul from the living body. The body will now remain soulless and in this state until the day of resurrection. 

Dead bodies will be raised on the day of Resurrection

ثُمَّ إِنَّكُم بَعۡدَ ذَٰلِكَ لَمَيِّتُونَ

“Then indeed, after that you are to die.”

ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ تُبۡعَثُونَ

“Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected.”

(Surah Mu’minun 15-16)

Means Allah’s law is these dead bodies will not be raised before day of judgement.

Dead body has no consciousness and sense

﴿أَمۡوَٰتٌ غَيۡرُ أَحۡيَآءٖۖ وَمَا يَشۡعُرُونَ أَيَّانَ يُبۡعَثُونَ﴾

(Surah An-Nahl 21)

“They are, [in fact], dead, not alive, and they do not perceive when they will be resurrected.”

What we can understand here that dead body has no consciousness and sense after soul has left the body until the day of Judgement. It neither feels cold nor hot or even any pain.

Dead do not hear and respond this is the quality of alive, dead will be brought back to life on day of resurrection

إِنَّمَا يَسۡتَجِيبُ ٱلَّذِينَ يَسۡمَعُونَۘ وَٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ يَبۡعَثُهُمُ ٱللَّهُ ثُمَّ إِلَيۡهِ يُرۡجَعُونَ

(Surah Al-An’am 36)

“Only those who hear will respond. But the dead – Allah will resurrect them; then to Him they will be returned.”

Dead do not hear

إِنَّكَ لَا تُسۡمِعُ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَلَا تُسۡمِعُ ٱلصُّمَّ ٱلدُّعَآءَ إِذَا وَلَّوۡاْ مُدۡبِرِينَ

(Surah An-Naml 80)

“Indeed, you will not make the dead hear, nor will you make the deaf hear the call when they have turned their backs retreating.”

وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَحْيَاءُ وَلَا الْأَمْوَاتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُسْمِعُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّن فِي الْقُبُورِ

(Surah Fatir 22)

“And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, Allah causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.”

It is impossible for the dead to respond

وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا نَزَّلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَكَلَّمَهُمُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَحَشَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ قُبُلًا مَّا كَانُوا لِيُؤْمِنُوا إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ

(Surah Al An’am 111)

“And even if We had sent down to them the angels [with the message] and the dead spoke to them [of it] and We gathered together every [created] thing in front of them, they would not believe unless Allah should will. But most of them, [of that], are ignorant.”

It is clear from the book of Allah that dead bodies do not have any consciousness and sense, they are unable to hear or respond (speak), after death, the dead body  gradually starts to decay and then later on the dead body turn into soil.

أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الْإِنسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُّبِينٌ

“Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary?”

وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلًا وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ ۖ قَالَ مَن يُحْيِي الْعِظَامَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ

“And he presents for Us an example and forgets his [own] creation. He says, “Who will give life to bones while they are disintegrated?”

قُلْ يُحْيِيهَا الَّذِي أَنشَأَهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ خَلْقٍ عَلِيمٌ

“Say, “He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing.”

(Surah Yaseen 77-79)

It is also stated in surah As-Saffat :

أَإِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا وَعِظَامًا أَإِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ

“When we have died and become dust and bones, are we indeed to be resurrected?”

أَوَآبَاؤُنَا الْأَوَّلُونَ

“And our forefathers [as well]?”

قُلْ نَعَمْ وَأَنتُمْ دَاخِرُونَ

“Say, “Yes, and you will be [rendered] contemptible.”

(Surah As-Saffat 16-18)

Nabi ﷺ stated :

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ كُلُّ ابْنِ آدَمَ يَأْكُلُهُ التُّرَابُ إِلاَّ عَجْبَ الذَّنَبِ مِنْهُ خُلِقَ وَفِيهِ يُرَكَّبُ ‏”‏ ‏.

‏ (صحیح  مسلم: کتاب الفتن و اشراط ساعۃ۔ بَابُ مَا بَيْنَ النَّفْخَتَيْنِ)

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

“The earth would consume all of the son of Adam except his (Ajab a Zanab) tailbone. From it he was created, and from it he will be recreated (on the Day of Resurrection).”

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Tribulations and Portents of the Last Hour, Chapter: Between The Blasts (Of The Trumpet))

And in Quran Allah has said

قَدْ عَلِمْنَا مَا تَنقُصُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَعِندَنَا كِتَابٌ حَفِيظٌ

(Surah Qaf 4)

“We know what the earth diminishes of them, and with Us is a retaining record.”

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ مَا بَيْنَ النَّفْخَتَيْنِ أَرْبَعُونَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ يَوْمًا قَالَ أَبَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ شَهْرًا قَالَ أَبَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ سَنَةً قَالَ أَبَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ ثُمَّ يُنْزِلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً‏.‏ فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا يَنْبُتُ الْبَقْلُ لَيْسَ مِنَ الإِنْسَانِ شَىْءٌ إِلاَّ يَبْلَى إِلاَّ عَظْمًا وَاحِدًا وَهْوَ عَجْبُ الذَّنَبِ، وَمِنْهُ يُرَكَّبُ الْخَلْقُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏”

(صحیح البخاری: کتاب تفسیر القرآن، بَابُ {يَوْمَ يُنْفَخُ فِي الصُّورِ فَتَأْتُونَ أَفْوَاجًا} [النبأ: 18]: زُمَرًا)

Narrated Al–A`mash: “Abu Huraira said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, ‘Between the two sounds of the trumpet, there will be forty.” Somebody asked Abu Huraira, “Forty days?” But he refused to reply. Then he asked, “Forty months?” He refused to reply. Then he asked, “Forty years?” Again, he refused to reply. Abu Huraira added. “Then (after this period) Allah will send water from the sky and then the dead bodies will grow like vegetation grows, There is nothing of the human body that does not decay except one bone; that is the little bone at the end of the coccyx of which the human body will be recreated on the Day of Resurrection.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (ﷺ)

The above Verses of Quran and Sahih Hadith prove that after death the soul enters for either reward or punishment to Paradise or Hell. Gradually this dead body corpse starts to decay and then later on turn into soil apart from Ajab uz Zanab (tailbone) of which the human body will be recreated on the day of resurrection, the recreation of this human body, itself is a proof that they (dead body) decays hence recreation.

Anyhow, after death, there is no life in this body and it is lifeless dead body.

Further, in Surah Fatir verses 19-22 Allah has given examples of opposite things to make us understand that dead body is not same as alive body.

وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَعْمَىٰ وَالْبَصِيرُ

“Not equal are the blind and the seeing,”

وَلَا الظُّلُمَاتُ وَلَا النُّورُ

“Nor are the darknesses and the light,”

وَلَا الظِّلُّ وَلَا الْحَرُورُ

“Nor are the shade and the heat,”

وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَحْيَاءُ وَلَا الْأَمْوَاتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُسْمِعُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّن فِي الْقُبُورِ

“And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, Allah causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.”

(Surah Fatir 19-22)

It means someone who can see and someone who is blind are not the same. Dark and light, sunshine and shadow are opposite to each other. Exactly the same way dead and alive are opposite to each other they do not have same qualities. The one who is alive has all senses, he has a functioning brain to think, eyes to see, a nose to smell, ears to hear whereas dead body has none of these attributes until the day of resurrection so the dead body has no consciousness and sense.

Some nations burn dead bodies but we don’t see any dead body running away due to the pain or hear screaming and that’s not possible as Allah has said this dead body decomposes so when the face, tongue, eyes and ears have decomposed how are they able to speak, hear and see? Now this dead body is decomposing and eventually will turn into soil, it will neither feel any pain nor feel any burn.

Same dead body will be recreated on the day of resurrection as Allah has said in the Quran:

أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنسَانُ أَلَّن نَّجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ

“Does man think that We will not assemble his bones?”

بَلَىٰ قَادِرِينَ عَلَىٰ أَن نُّسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ

“Yes. [We are] Able [even] to proportion his fingertips.”

(Surah Al-Qiyamah 3-4)

أَفَعَيِينَا بِالْخَلْقِ الْأَوَّلِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ فِي لَبْسٍ مِّنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ

(Surah Qaf 15)

“Did We fail in the first creation? But they are in – over a new creation.”

The same dead body which was decomposed, it will be recreated as per the Hadith mentioned earlier it will be on the day of resurrection and it is the same day for which Allah has said:

ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ تُبْعَثُونَ

“Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected.”

(Surah Al-Mu’minun 16)

From the above evidences, it is proven that from death to the day of resurrection, reward or punishment has nothing to do with this body made out of clay which has no consciousness, because after death this dead body has no consciousness and sense, it decomposes eventually and one day it will turn into soil.

Until now from the evidence of Quran and Sahih Hadith, the following facts have been proved:

The hereafter of a dead person begins as he dies.

At the beginning of the hereafter a person enters Paradise or Hell where he start getting reward or punishment.

As someone dies, his dead body has no consciousness and sense.

Gradually the physical corpse starts decomposing and as per the Quran, it will only be recreated on the day of resurrection. 

The reward or punishment after death has nothing to do with the human body which is made of clay. The torment of the grave is the first step of the torment of the hereafter and in this verse of the Quran:

ALLah Says :

وَمِمَّنْ حَوْلَكُم مِّنَ الْأَعْرَابِ مُنَافِقُونَ ۖ وَمِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ ۖ مَرَدُوا عَلَى النِّفَاقِ لَا تَعْلَمُهُمْ ۖ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُهُمْ ۚ سَنُعَذِّبُهُم مَّرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَذَابٍ عَظِيمٍ

(Surah Tawbah 101)

And among the bedouins round about you, some are hypocrites, and so are some among the people of Al-Madinah, they exaggerate and persist in hypocrisy, you (Ot Muhammad (ﷺ)) know them not, We know them. We shall punish them twice, and thereafter they shall be brought back to a great (horrible) torment

In this verse three punishments have been mentioned:

  1. First punishment: in this world
  2. Second punishment: starts as they die
  3. Third punishment: will commence after the day of Judgement.

This verse of the Quran has been explained in another verse of the Quran:

وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَجُنُودُهُ بَغْيًا وَعَدْوًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ قَالَ آمَنتُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا الَّذِي آمَنَتْ بِهِ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

(Surah Yunus 90)

“And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, “I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.”

Further has been mentioned about People of Pharaoh:

فَوَقَاهُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِ مَا مَكَرُوا ۖ وَحَاقَ بِآلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوءُ الْعَذَابِ

“So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment “

النَّارُ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَعَشِيًّا ۖ وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ

“The Fire of Hell , they are exposed to it morning and evening. And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”

 (Surah Ghafir 45-46)

First Punishment on People of Pharaoh:

فَوَقَاهُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِ مَا مَكَرُوا ۖ وَحَاقَ بِآلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوءُ الْعَذَابِ

“So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment .”

(Surah Ghafir 45)

What was the worst of the torment in this world?

وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَجُنُودُهُ بَغْيًا وَعَدْوًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ قَالَ آمَنتُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا الَّذِي آمَنَتْ بِهِ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

(Surah Yunus 90)

“And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, “I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.”

Second Punishment:

النَّارُ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَعَشِيًّا ۖ وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ

(Surah Ghafir 46)

“The Fire of Hell , they are exposed to it morning and evening. And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”

Third Punishment:

وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ

(Surah Ghafir 46)

…And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”

It is evident from this verse that both punishments i.e. the punishment of the grave and the punishment after the day of judgement are at Hell.

Allah said to mankind when sending down on this earth:

قُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا مِنْهَا جَمِيعًا ۖ فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُم مِّنِّي هُدًى فَمَن تَبِعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

“We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.”

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

“And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs – those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah 38-39)

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتِ وَالْكُفَّارَ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ هِيَ حَسْبُهُمْ ۚ وَلَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّقِيمٌ

(Surah Tawbah 68)

“Allah has promised the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the disbelievers the fire of Hell, wherein they will abide eternally. It is sufficient for them. And Allah has cursed them, and for them is an enduring punishment.”

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا وَمَسَاكِنَ طَيِّبَةً فِي جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ ۚ وَرِضْوَانٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

(Surah Tawbah 72)

“Allah has promised the believing men and believing women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allah is greater. It is that which is the great attainment.”

Where would this promise be fulfilled?

Allah said:

وَفِي السَّمَاءِ رِزْقُكُمْ وَمَا تُوعَدُونَ

(Surah Az-Zariyat 22)

“And in the heaven is your provision and whatever you are promised.”

This is the reason, wherever in the Quran reward or torment has been mentioned, with it Paradise or Hell has been mentioned as well. On the other hand this dead body decomposes, nothing has been mentioned of this body being punished. The reality of hadiths, sect followers present to proof their belief of dead body being punished or torment of this worldly grave in sha Allah will be discussed as per belief of Quran and sahih hadith.

Following Hadiths clarify this matter even better:

عَنْ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمَرَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ بِأَرْبَعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ رَجُلاً مِنْ صَنَادِيدِ قُرَيْشٍ فَقُذِفُوا فِي طَوِيٍّ مِنْ أَطْوَاءِ بَدْرٍ خَبِيثٍ مُخْبِثٍ، وَكَانَ إِذَا ظَهَرَ عَلَى قَوْمٍ أَقَامَ بِالْعَرْصَةِ ثَلاَثَ لَيَالٍ، فَلَمَّا كَانَ بِبَدْرٍ الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ، أَمَرَ بِرَاحِلَتِهِ فَشُدَّ عَلَيْهَا رَحْلُهَا، ثُمَّ مَشَى وَاتَّبَعَهُ أَصْحَابُهُ وَقَالُوا مَا نُرَى يَنْطَلِقُ إِلاَّ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِهِ، حَتَّى قَامَ عَلَى شَفَةِ الرَّكِيِّ، فَجَعَلَ يُنَادِيهِمْ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ وَأَسْمَاءِ آبَائِهِمْ ‏”‏ يَا فُلاَنُ بْنَ فُلاَنٍ، وَيَا فُلاَنُ بْنَ فُلاَنٍ، أَيَسُرُّكُمْ أَنَّكُمْ أَطَعْتُمُ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّا قَدْ وَجَدْنَا مَا وَعَدَنَا رَبُّنَا حَقًّا، فَهَلْ وَجَدْتُمْ مَا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمْ حَقًّا ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، مَا تُكَلِّمُ مِنْ أَجْسَادٍ لاَ أَرْوَاحَ لَهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ، مَا أَنْتُمْ بِأَسْمَعَ لِمَا أَقُولُ مِنْهُمْ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ أَحْيَاهُمُ اللَّهُ حَتَّى أَسْمَعَهُمْ قَوْلَهُ تَوْبِيخًا وَتَصْغِيرًا وَنَقِيمَةً وَحَسْرَةً وَنَدَمًا‏.

( بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ قَتْلِ أَبِي جَهْلٍ )

Narrated Abu Talha: On the day of Badr, the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered that the corpses of twenty four leaders of Quraish should be thrown into one of the dirty dry wells of Badr. (It was a habit of the Prophet (ﷺ) that whenever he conquered some people, he used to stay at the battle-field for three nights. So, on the third day of the battle of Badr, he ordered that his she-camel be saddled, then he set out, and his companions followed him saying among themselves.” “Definitely he (i.e. the Prophet) is proceeding for some great purpose.” When he halted at the edge of the well, he addressed the corpses of the Quraish infidels by their names and their fathers’ names, “O so-and-so, son of so-and-so and O so-and-so, son of so-and so! Would it have pleased you if you had obeyed Allah and His Apostle? We have found true what our Lord promised us. Have you too found true what your Lord promised you? “`Umar said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! You are speaking to bodies that have no souls!” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, you do not hear, what I say better than they do.” (Qatada said, “Allah brought them to life (again) to let them hear him, to reprimand them and slight them and take revenge over them and caused them to feel remorseful and regretful.”)

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The killing of Abu Jahl).

When the same matter was presented in front of Mother Ayesha (R.A)

ذُكِرَ عِنْدَ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ أَنَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ رَفَعَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّ الْمَيِّتَ يُعَذَّبُ فِي قَبْرِهِ بِبُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ إِنَّمَا قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّهُ لَيُعَذَّبُ بِخَطِيئَتِهِ وَذَنْبِهِ، وَإِنَّ أَهْلَهُ لَيَبْكُونَ عَلَيْهِ الآنَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَتْ وَذَاكَ مِثْلُ قَوْلِهِ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَامَ عَلَى الْقَلِيبِ وَفِيهِ قَتْلَى بَدْرٍ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ، فَقَالَ لَهُمْ مَا قَالَ إِنَّهُمْ لَيَسْمَعُونَ مَا أَقُولُ‏.‏ إِنَّمَا قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّهُمُ الآنَ لَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ مَا كُنْتُ أَقُولُ لَهُمْ حَقٌّ ‏”‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَتْ ‏{‏إِنَّكَ لاَ تُسْمِعُ الْمَوْتَى‏}‏ ‏{‏وَمَا أَنْتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَنْ فِي الْقُبُورِ‏}‏ تَقُولُ حِينَ تَبَوَّءُوا مَقَاعِدَهُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ‏.

( بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ قَتْلِ أَبِي جَهْلٍ )

“It was mentioned before `Aisha that Ibn `Umar attributed the following statement to the Prophet (ﷺ) “The dead person is punished in the grave because of the crying and lamentation Of his family.” On that, `Aisha said, “But Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, ‘The dead person is punished for his crimes and sins while his family cry over him then.” She added, “And this is similar to the statement of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) when he stood by the (edge of the) well which contained the corpses of the pagans killed at Badr, ‘They hear what I say.’ She added, “But he said now they know very well what I used to tell them was the truth.” `Aisha then recited: ‘You cannot make the dead hear.’ (30.52) and ‘You cannot make those who are in their Graves, hear you.’ (35.22) that is, when they had taken their places in the (Hell) Fire.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The killing of Abu Jahl).

Means, what Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said Have you too found true what your Lord promised you? It meant when they reached their place in the hell they have found Allah’s promised to be true. What we learn from here whether you bury or not every person after death must get reward or punishment and it is not in this world but in skies.

When these Quranic verses and sahih Hadith are presented to those who follow sects they will say the punishment to soul is different, torment of grave is with dead body and worldly grave. When you ask them, after death, how many punishments are there and where are they mentioned in Quran and Sahih Hadiths? As in Quran and Sahih Hadiths, there is one punishment which is called “punishment of grave”. Also, in the Quran, Allah tells us after death, the corpse has no consciousness or sense and gradually decomposes. So, what kind of a punishment is this then?

In their defence, they present a hadith that Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:

Narrated Abu Sa`id: “The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Amongst the people preceding your age, there was a man whom Allah had given a lot of money. While he was in his death-bed, he called his sons and said, ‘What type of father have I been to you? They replied, ‘You have been a good father.’ He said, ‘I have never done a single good deed; so when I die, burn me, crush my body, and scatter the resulting ashes on a windy day.’ His sons did accordingly, but Allah gathered his particles and asked (him), ‘What made you do so?’ He replied, “Fear of you.’ So Allah bestowed His Mercy upon him. (forgave him).”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophets).

Allah’s Rule (Law) and Allah’s Miracle:

We now know the corpse simply decomposes and it will be recreated only on the day of resurrection. To help understand, the above hadith is exception to a general rule of Allah. One is Allah’s law and the other is exceptional case and if this happens in the presence of the Prophet then we know and accept it as a Miracle and take it as that only.

The law of Allah is every child is born of a father and mother. But Isa (عليه السلام) was born without a father which is opposite to the law of Allah and that is an exceptional case (Miracle). Allah’s law is clear about decomposed dead bodies will be recreated only on the day of resurrection. Followers of various sects do not present this law but one exceptional matter as a proof. In reality this man did due to the fear of Allah, but Allah recreated his scattered body particles, and no one can escape from Allah no matter what the state.

Remember after death, the reward or punishment is with every person whether he gets this worldly grave or not. Claiming that the soul gets reward or punishment and body gets that separately is a fabrication.  We have presented numerous evidences from Quran and sahih Hadith in which after death you either enter Paradise or Hell where you get rewarded or punished. But not even a single verse from Quran and Sahih Hadith in which Prophet (ﷺ) said that in this worldly grave you get reward or punishment.

Note: On night of Isra Prophet (ﷺ) said that He saw Musa (عليه السلام) in his grave but this cannot be presented as an evidence as it was night of miracle which is opposite to the law of Allah.  Then in the same night, Prophet (ﷺ) did not see Musa (عليه السلام) only in the grave but in Paradise and at Bait ul Muqadas, where Prophet (ﷺ) led all Prophets. Then how can we assume that Musa (عليه السلام) is alive in grave?

After death the place of Reward and Punishment

From different religious circles the belief of punishment of the grave has been given to public is that there are two types of punishments, one is with the soul and the other one is with the body. As discussed in previous series, in the light of Quran and sahih Hadith we learnt that after death this dead body made out of clay has no hearing and is unable to see, this dead body has no consciousness and sense. Gradually this dead body decomposes and then later on the dead body turn into soil, this is also proven with general observation. As we know that the dead body has no consciousness and sense therefore this cannot be accepted as belief, that this dead body get reward or punishment. In this series In Sha Allah we will give more evidences in the light of Quran and sahih Hadith to make it more clear that this dead body we bury in this worldly grave for them (dead bodies) Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has said the place of reward or punishment is in Paradise or Hell, this reward or punishment of the grave is not for these bodies who has no consciousness and sense, but is for the souls.

Polytheists of Arab used to bury their dead bodies, but Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said about them:

، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ رَأَيْتُ جَهَنَّمَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا، وَرَأَيْتُ عَمْرًا يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ، وَهْوَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَيَّبَ السَّوَائِبَ ‏”‏‏.‏

( عن عائشہ  ، بخاری: کتاب العمل فی الصلاۃ ، بَابُ إِذَا انْفَلَتَتْ الدَّابَّةُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ)

Narrated `Aisha: “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “I saw Hell and its different portions were consuming each other and saw `Amr dragging his intestines (in it), and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose (for the idols).”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (ﷺ))

And for another person ‘Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik’ from same era Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:

وَرَأَيْتُ أَبَا ثُمَامَةَ عَمْرَو بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّارِ

( عن جابر بن عبد اللہ ، مسلم : کتاب الکسوف ، باب ما عرض على النبي ﷺ في صلاة الكسوف من أمر الجنة والنار)

“And I saw Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik who was dragging his intestines in Hell.”

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: What Was Shown To The Prophet of Paradise And Hell During The Eclipse Prayer)

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ عُذِّبَتِ امْرَأَةٌ فِي هِرَّةٍ حَبَسَتْهَا، حَتَّى مَاتَتْ جُوعًا، فَدَخَلَتْ فِيهَا النَّارَ ـ قَالَ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ ـ لاَ أَنْتِ أَطْعَمْتِهَا وَلاَ سَقَيْتِهَا حِينَ حَبَسْتِيهَا، وَلاَ أَنْتِ أَرْسَلْتِيهَا فَأَكَلَتْ مِنْ خَشَاشِ الأَرْضِ ‏”‏‏.‏

( عن عبد اللہ بن عمر ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب المساقاۃ ، بَابُ فَضْلِ سَقْيِ المَاءِ )

Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “A woman was tortured and was put in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it died of hunger.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), ‘You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Distribution of Water, Chapter: The superiority of providing water)

Reward of the Grave for Martyrs

In the same way at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), martyrs who were buried in this worldly grave. Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said they are getting reward in the Paradise.

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said to the mother of Hartha bin Suraqa who got martyred on battle of Badr:

‏ يَا أُمَّ حَارِثَةَ، إِنَّهَا جِنَانٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ، وَإِنَّ ابْنَكِ أَصَابَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ الأَعْلَى ‏

( عن انس بن مالک  ، بخاری : کتاب الکتاب و السیر ، بَابُ مَنْ أَتَاهُ سَهْمٌ غَرْبٌ فَقَتَلَهُ)‏

“O mother of Hartha! There are Gardens in Paradise and your son got the Firdausal-ala (i.e. the best place in Paradise).

(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), Chapter: Whoever is killed by an arrow)

Martyrs of Battle of Uhud:

عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ، قَالَ سَأَلْنَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ عَنْ هَذِهِ الآيَةِ، ‏{‏ وَلاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَمْوَاتًا بَلْ أَحْيَاءٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ يُرْزَقُونَ‏}‏ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّا قَدْ سَأَلْنَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَرْوَاحُهُمْ فِي جَوْفِ طَيْرٍ خُضْرٍ لَهَا قَنَادِيلُ مُعَلَّقَةٌ بِالْعَرْشِ تَسْرَحُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ حَيْثُ شَاءَتْ ثُمَّ تَأْوِي إِلَى تِلْكَ الْقَنَادِيلِ فَاطَّلَعَ إِلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُمُ اطِّلاَعَةً فَقَالَ هَلْ تَشْتَهُونَ شَيْئًا قَالُوا أَىَّ شَىْءٍ نَشْتَهِي وَنَحْنُ نَسْرَحُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ حَيْثُ شِئْنَا فَفَعَلَ ذَلِكَ بِهِمْ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَلَمَّا رَأَوْا أَنَّهُمْ لَنْ يُتْرَكُوا مِنْ أَنْ يُسْأَلُوا قَالُوا يَا رَبِّ نُرِيدُ أَنْ تَرُدَّ أَرْوَاحَنَا فِي أَجْسَادِنَا حَتَّى نُقْتَلَ فِي سَبِيلِكَ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ حَاجَةٌ تُرِكُوا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

( مسلم ، کتاب الامارۃ ، باب بيان أن أرواح الشهداء في الجنة، وأنهم أحياء عند ربهم يرزقون)

It has been narrated on the authority of Masruq Who said:

“We asked ‘Abdullah about the Qur’anic verse:” Think not of those who are slain in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they are alive, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord..” (3:169). He said: We asked the meaning of the verse (from the Holy Prophet) who said: The souls, of the martyrs are in the bodies of green birds who have their nests in chandeliers hung from the throne of the Almighty. They eat the fruits of Paradise from wherever they like and then nestle in these chandeliers. Once their Lord cast a glance at them and said: Do ye want anything? They said: What more shall we desire? We eat the fruit of Paradise from wherever we like. Their Lord asked them the same question thrice. When they saw that they will continue to be asked and not left (without answering the question). they said: O Lord, we wish that Thou mayest return our souls to our bodies so that we may be slain in Thy way once again. When He (Allah) saw that they had no need, they were left (to their joy in heaven).

(Sahih Muslim, The Book on Government, Chapter: The souls of the martyrs are in Paradise, and they are alive with their Lord and they have provision)

Abdullah Bin Umr Bin Haram ( R.Z ) was martyred  at Uhud. Nabi ﷺ told his son Jabbir ( R.A ):

‏”‏ مَا كَلَّمَ اللَّهُ أَحَدًا قَطُّ إِلاَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ وَأَحْيَا أَبَاكَ فَكَلَّمَهُ كِفَاحًا فَقَالَ يَا عَبْدِي تَمَنَّ عَلَىَّ أُعْطِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ تُحْيِينِي فَأُقْتَلَ فِيكَ ثَانِيةً ‏.‏ قَالَ الرَّبُّ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّهُ قَدْ سَبَقَ مِنِّي أَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهَا لاَ يُرْجَعُونَ

( عن جابر ؓ، ترمذی، ابواب تفسیر القرآن ، باب : ومن سورۃ آل عمران ، روایت حسن )

‏ ‘Allah does not speak to anyone except from behind a veil, but He brought your father to speak to Him directly. He said: “[O My slave!] Do you wish that I give you anything?” He said: ‘O Lord! Give me life so that I may fight for You a second time.’ So the Lord [Blessed and Most High] said: ‘It has been decreed by Me that they shall not return

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Chapters on Tafsir)

  • (There is one hadith Abdullah bin Umar bin Haram’s dead body was still safe undamaged after six months but there was no life in it, even hadith tells us that martyrs of battle of Uhud are in Paradise having conversation with Allah and requesting to return to the world)

Ibn Umar used to greet Jaffar bin abi Talib’s son after martyrdom of Jafar ibn Talib with these words:

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ ذِي الْجَنَاحَيْنِ‏

( عن عامر، بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ غَزْوَةِ مُؤْتَةَ مِنْ أَرْضِ الشَّأْمِ )

“Assalam ‘Alaika (i.e. peace be on you) O the son of two-winged person.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The expedition of Mu`tah to the land of Syria)

That was because before martyrdom the disbelievers cut his both hands. Hadith in Tarmidhi Prophet (ﷺ) has said: 

رَأَيْتُ جَعْفَرًا يَطِيرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَعَ الْمَلَائِکَةِ

( عن ابی ہریرۃ  ، ترمذی، ابواب المناقب ، بَابُ مَنَاقِبِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ أَخِي عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ)

“I saw Ja’far flying in Paradise with the angels.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Chapters on Virtues)

Prophet (ﷺ) must have buried his son Ibrahim in this worldly grave, but there is no reward for him in this grave but there is reward for him in Paradise.

‏ “‏ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ابْنِي وَإِنَّهُ مَاتَ فِي الثَّدْىِ وَإِنَّ لَهُ لَظِئْرَيْنِ تُكَمِّلاَنِ رَضَاعَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏”‏

( عن انس بن مالک ، مسلم ،کتاب الفضائل ، باب رحمته ﷺ الصبيان والعيال وتواضعه وفضل ذلك )

“Ibrahim is my son and he dies as a suckling baby. He has now two foster-mothers who would complete his suckling period in Paradise.”

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Virtues, Chapter: His Compassion Towards Children And His Humbleness, And The Virtue of That)

Companions of Prophet (ﷺ) was buried in this worldly grave but read this hadith:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” نِمْتُ، فَرَأَيْتُنِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ، فَسَمِعْتُ صَوْتَ قَارِئٍ يَقْرَأُ، فَقُلْتُ: مَنْ هَذَا؟ فَقَالُوا: هَذَا حَارِثَةُ بْنُ النُّعْمَانِ ” فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” كَذَلِكَ الْبِرُّ، كَذَلِكَ الْبِرُّ ” وَكَانَ أَبَرَّ النَّاسِ بِأُمِّهِ

( مسند احمد: مسند النساء ،   مُسْنَدُ الصِّدِّيقَةِ عَائِشَةَ بِنْتِ الصِّدِّيقِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَ)

“It is narrated on the authority of Aisha that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: I entered Paradise and heard the recitation of the Holy Qur’aan. I asked: Who is this? I was told that it was Haritha bin Nu’man. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Your good people are like that and they were kind to their mother.’

(Masnad e Ahmad: Masnad e Nisa, Masnad e Sadiqia Ayesha bint e Sidiq RaziAllah Anha)

Respectable readers, as you can see from all these ahadith it is clear that the dead who were buried in this worldly grave, the Prophet (ﷺ) said the place of Punishment and Reward is Paradise or Hell,  did not say anything about their dead bodies in this worldly grave.

Now we present this long hadith in front of you, in which the Prophet (ﷺ) was shown in a dream that people who died in this world but were getting their reward or punishment in the realm of barzakh.

عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا صَلَّى صَلاَةً أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا بِوَجْهِهِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ رُؤْيَا ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ فَإِنْ رَأَى أَحَدٌ قَصَّهَا، فَيَقُولُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ، ‏

“Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) finished the (morning) prayer, he would face us and ask, “Who amongst you had a dream last night?” So if anyone had seen a dream he would narrate it. The Prophet (ﷺ) would say: “Ma sha’a-llah” (An Arabic maxim meaning literally, ‘What Allah wished,’ and it indicates a good omen.)

فَسَأَلَنَا يَوْمًا، فَقَالَ ‏”‏ هَلْ رَأَى أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ رُؤْيَا ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْنَا لاَ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ لَكِنِّي رَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلَةَ رَجُلَيْنِ أَتَيَانِي فَأَخَذَا بِيَدِي، فَأَخْرَجَانِي إِلَى الأَرْضِ الْمُقَدَّسَةِ،

One day, he asked us whether anyone of us had seen a dream. We replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “But I had seen (a dream) last night that two men came to me, caught hold of my hands, and took me to the Sacred Land.

فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ جَالِسٌ، وَرَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ بِيَدِهِ كَلُّوبٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ ـ قَالَ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُوسَى إِنَّهُ ـ يُدْخِلُ ذَلِكَ الْكَلُّوبَ فِي شِدْقِهِ، حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ قَفَاهُ، ثُمَّ يَفْعَلُ بِشِدْقِهِ الآخَرِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، وَيَلْتَئِمُ شِدْقُهُ هَذَا، فَيَعُودُ فَيَصْنَعُ مِثْلَهُ‏.‏ قُلْتُ مَا هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏

There, I saw a person sitting and another standing with an iron hook in his hand pushing it inside the mouth of the former till it reached the jawbone, and then tore off one side of his cheek, and then did the same with the other side; in the meantime the first side of his cheek became normal again and then he repeated the same operation again. I said, ‘What is this?’ They told me to proceed on  ۔

فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا عَلَى رَجُلٍ مُضْطَجِعٍ عَلَى قَفَاهُ، وَرَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ بِفِهْرٍ أَوْ صَخْرَةٍ، فَيَشْدَخُ بِهِ رَأْسَهُ، فَإِذَا ضَرَبَهُ تَدَهْدَهَ الْحَجَرُ، فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَيْهِ لِيَأْخُذَهُ، فَلاَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى هَذَا حَتَّى يَلْتَئِمَ رَأْسُهُ، وَعَادَ رَأْسُهُ كَمَا هُوَ، فَعَادَ إِلَيْهِ فَضَرَبَهُ، قُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏

We went on till we came to a man Lying flat on his back, and another man standing at his head carrying a stone or a piece of rock, and crushing the head of the Lying man, with that stone. Whenever he struck him, the stone rolled away. The man went to pick it up and by the time he returned to him, the crushed head had returned to its normal state and the man came back and struck him again (and so on). I said, ‘Who is this?’ They told me to proceed on.

فَانْطَلَقْنَا إِلَى ثَقْبٍ مِثْلِ التَّنُّورِ، أَعْلاَهُ ضَيِّقٌ وَأَسْفَلُهُ وَاسِعٌ، يَتَوَقَّدُ تَحْتَهُ نَارًا، فَإِذَا اقْتَرَبَ ارْتَفَعُوا حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا، فَإِذَا خَمَدَتْ رَجَعُوا فِيهَا، وَفِيهَا رِجَالٌ وَنِسَاءٌ عُرَاةٌ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏

So we proceeded on and passed by a hole like an oven; with a narrow top and wide bottom, and the fire was kindling underneath that hole. Whenever the fire-flame went up, the people were lifted up to such an extent that they about to get out of it, and whenever the fire got quieter, the people went down into it, and there were naked men and women in it. I said, ‘Who is this?’ They told me to proceed on.

فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا عَلَى نَهَرٍ مِنْ دَمٍ، فِيهِ رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ عَلَى وَسَطِ النَّهَرِ رَجُلٌ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ حِجَارَةٌ، فَأَقْبَلَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي فِي النَّهَرِ، فَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ رَمَى الرَّجُلُ بِحَجَرٍ فِي فِيهِ، فَرَدَّهُ حَيْثُ كَانَ، فَجَعَلَ كُلَّمَا جَاءَ لِيَخْرُجَ رَمَى فِي فِيهِ بِحَجَرٍ، فَيَرْجِعُ كَمَا كَانَ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا قَالاَ انْطَلِقْ‏.‏

So we proceeded on till we reached a river of blood and a man was in it, and another man was standing at its bank with stones in front of him, facing the man standing in the river. Whenever the man in the river wanted to come out, the other one threw a stone in his mouth and caused him to retreat to his original position; and so whenever he wanted to come out the other would throw a stone in his mouth, and he would retreat to his original position. I asked, ‘What is this?’ They told me to proceed on.

فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى انْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى رَوْضَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ، فِيهَا شَجَرَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ، وَفِي أَصْلِهَا شَيْخٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ، وَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ الشَّجَرَةِ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ نَارٌ يُوقِدُهَا، فَصَعِدَا بِي فِي الشَّجَرَةِ، وَأَدْخَلاَنِي دَارًا لَمْ أَرَ قَطُّ أَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا، فِيهَا رِجَالٌ شُيُوخٌ وَشَبَابٌ، وَنِسَاءٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ،

We did so till we reached a well-flourished green garden having a huge tree and near its root was sitting an old man with some children. (I saw) Another man near the tree with fire in front of him and he was kindling it up. Then they (i.e. my two companions) made me climb up the tree and made me enter a house, better than which I have ever seen. In it were some old men and young men, women and children.

ثُمَّ أَخْرَجَانِي مِنْهَا فَصَعِدَا بِي الشَّجَرَةَ فَأَدْخَلاَنِي دَارًا هِيَ أَحْسَنُ وَأَفْضَلُ، فِيهَا شُيُوخٌ وَشَبَابٌ

Then they took me out of this house and made me climb up the tree and made me enter another house that was better and superior (to the first) containing old and young people.

‏قُلْتُ طَوَّفْتُمَانِي اللَّيْلَةَ، فَأَخْبِرَانِي عَمَّا رَأَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالاَ نَعَمْ،

I said to them (i.e. my two companions), ‘You have made me ramble all the night. Tell me all about that I have seen.’ They said, ‘Yes.

أَمَّا الَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشَقُّ شِدْقُهُ فَكَذَّابٌ يُحَدِّثُ بِالْكَذْبَةِ، فَتُحْمَلُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الآفَاقَ، فَيُصْنَعُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ

As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.

‏.‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشْدَخُ رَأْسُهُ فَرَجُلٌ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ، فَنَامَ عَنْهُ بِاللَّيْلِ، وَلَمْ يَعْمَلْ فِيهِ بِالنَّهَارِ، يُفْعَلُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ

The one whose head you saw being crushed is the one whom Allah had given the knowledge of Qur’an but he used to sleep at night and did not use to act upon it (i.e. upon its orders etc.) by day; and so this punishment will go on till the Day of Resurrection.

.‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي الثَّقْبِ فَهُمُ الزُّنَاةُ

And those you saw in the hole (like oven) were adulterers (those men and women who commit illegal sexual intercourse).

‏وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي النَّهَرِ آكِلُو الرِّبَا‏.‏

And those you saw in the river of blood were those dealing in Riba (usury).

وَالشَّيْخُ فِي أَصْلِ الشَّجَرَةِ إِبْرَاهِيمُ ـ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ـ وَالصِّبْيَانُ حَوْلَهُ فَأَوْلاَدُ النَّاسِ،

And the old man who was sitting at the base of the tree was Abraham and the little children around him were the offspring of the people.

وَالَّذِي يُوقِدُ النَّارَ مَالِكٌ خَازِنُ النَّارِ‏.‏ وَالدَّارُ الأُولَى الَّتِي دَخَلْتَ دَارُ عَامَّةِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الدَّارُ فَدَارُ الشُّهَدَاءِ،

And the one who was kindling the fire was Malik, the gatekeeper of the Hell-fire.

And the first house in which you have gone was the house of the common believers, and the second house was of the martyrs.

وَأَنَا جِبْرِيلُ، وَهَذَا مِيكَائِيلُ، فَارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ، فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا فَوْقِي مِثْلُ السَّحَابِ‏.‏

I am Gabriel and this is Michael. Raise your head.’ I raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me.

قَالاَ ذَاكَ مَنْزِلُكَ‏.‏ قُلْتُ دَعَانِي أَدْخُلْ مَنْزِلِي‏.‏

They said, ‘That is your place.

I said, ‘Let me enter my place.’

قَالاَ إِنَّهُ بَقِيَ لَكَ عُمْرٌ لَمْ تَسْتَكْمِلْهُ،

They said, ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed,

 فَلَوِ اسْتَكْمَلْتَ أَتَيْتَ مَنْزِلَكَ ‏”‏‏.

and when you complete (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place.’ “

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The (dead) children of Al-Mushrikun)

Angels said to Prophet (ﷺ),  ‘You still have some portion of life which you have not yet completed, meaning when you complete that remaining portion of your life you will then enter your place.

Allah O Akbar It’s been said in open words that after completing his age in this world, the human does not stay in this world but goes to its place in skies.

Prophet (ﷺ) has said the same:

“‏ مَا أَحَدٌ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا وَلَهُ مَا عَلَى الأَرْضِ مِنْ شَىْءٍ، إِلاَّ الشَّهِيدُ، يَتَمَنَّى أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا فَيُقْتَلَ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ، لِمَا يَرَى مِنَ الْكَرَامَةِ ‏”‏‏.

‏( عن انس بن مالک ، بخاری، کتاب الجھاد و السیر ،بَابُ تَمَنِّي المُجَاهِدِ أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا)

Nobody who enters Paradise likes to go back to the world even if he got everything on the earth, except a Mujahid who wishes to return to the world so that he may be martyred ten times because of the dignity he receives (from Allah).”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad), Chapter: The wish of the Mujahid to return to the world)

Firstly establish the place in this hadith.

In this hadith the martyrs was shown to Muhammad (ﷺ), from various hadiths it’s been proven that martyrs are in Paradise. In this hadith Angels said while showing the houses of Martyrs:

وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الدَّارُ فَدَارُ الشُّهَدَاءِ،  . وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الدَّارُ فَدَارُ الشُّهَدَاءِ،وَأَنَا جِبْرِيلُ، وَهَذَا مِيكَائِيلُ، فَارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ، فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا فَوْقِي مِثْلُ السَّحَابِ‏.‏ قَالاَ ذَاكَ مَنْزِلُكَ‏.‏ قُلْتُ دَعَانِي أَدْخُلْ مَنْزِلِي‏.‏ قَالاَ إِنَّهُ بَقِيَ لَكَ عُمْرٌ لَمْ تَسْتَكْمِلْهُ، فَلَوِ اسْتَكْمَلْتَ أَتَيْتَ مَنْزِلَكَ ‏”‏‏.‏

and the second house was of the martyrs. I am Gabriel and this is Michael. Raise your head.’ I raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me. They said, ‘That is your place.’ I said, ‘Let me enter my place.’ They said, ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you complete (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place.’ “

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The (dead) children of Al-Mushrikun)

In another Hadith of Sahih Bukhari it is stated that

‏”‏ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يُقْبَضْ نَبِيٌّ قَطُّ حَتَّى يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ ثُمَّ يُحَيَّا أَوْ يُخَيَّرَ

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب  المغازی ، بَابُ مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ )

“Never does a prophet die unless he is shown his place in Paradise (before his death), and then he is made alive or given option.”

In this hadith, Angels showed to the Prophet (ﷺ) his place in paradise. When the Prophet (ﷺ) wanted to enter the Angels said, ‘You still have some life which you have not yet completed, and when you complete (that remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your place.’

In Sahih Bukhari hadith which has been mentioned in detailed earlier, when Prophet (ﷺ) died Fatima said:

يَا أَبَتَاهْ، أَجَابَ رَبًّا دَعَاهُ، يَا أَبَتَاهْ مَنْ جَنَّةُ الْفِرْدَوْسِ مَأْوَاهُ

( عن انس ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، باب: مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ)

“O Father! Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him! O Father, whose dwelling place is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)!

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet (saws) and his death))

It means , it was not the earthly (Worldly) grave, but the place is in Paradise.

When the Prophet (ﷺ) asked Angels about the torment shown:

رَأَيْتُ‏.‏ قَالاَ نَعَمْ، أَمَّا الَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشَقُّ شِدْقُهُ فَكَذَّابٌ يُحَدِّثُ بِالْكَذْبَةِ، فَتُحْمَلُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الآفَاقَ، فَيُصْنَعُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ‏.‏

As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.

Now think where is that place after death in this world where people get entered and they will get punishment until day of resurrection?  Further

‏ وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ يُشْدَخُ رَأْسُهُ فَرَجُلٌ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ، فَنَامَ عَنْهُ بِاللَّيْلِ، وَلَمْ يَعْمَلْ فِيهِ بِالنَّهَارِ، يُفْعَلُ بِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ‏.‏

The one whose head you saw being crushed is the one whom Allah had given the knowledge of Qur’an but he used to sleep at night and did not use to act upon it (i.e. upon its orders etc.) by day; and so this punishment will go on till the Day of Resurrection.

وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي الثَّقْبِ فَهُمُ الزُّنَاةُ‏

And those you saw in the hole (like oven) were adulterers (those men and women who commit illegal sexual intercourse).

وَالَّذِي رَأَيْتَهُ فِي النَّهَرِ آكِلُو الرِّبَا‏

And those you saw in the river of blood were those dealing in Riba (usury).

Adulterers get buried in separate graves in this world and some of them get burnt, but this is the place where all the adulterers are being punished together. Same with the one who deals with Riba (usury, interest) being punished at the river of blood. It’s evident that after death the place of reward or punishment is not this worldly grave. It is also proven from this hadith that soul gets body (Barzakhi) in realm of Barzakh and the combination of the soul and temporary body go through this reward or punishment.

Torment of grave (Azab-e-Qabr) shown to the Prophet (ﷺ) in Salat ul Kasoof

One of the Muftis of Ahl-e-Hadith ( Sulfi ) writes in his book

The summary of these different Hadiths is that Ayesha was told for the first time about Azab-e-Qabr by a Jew woman but she didn’t affirm it.  The Prophet (ﷺ) also declared Jews as lairs. Later, revelation was sent upon the Prophet (ﷺ) and he was told about torment of the grave. The solar eclipse also occurred the same day and his son Ibrahim (R.A) also passed away. Therefore, on the same day the Prophet (ﷺ) performed the Salat-ul-Kasoof (prayer offered during solar eclipse) and the Prophet (ﷺ) gave a sermon. During the sermon companions were given the details of torment of the grave.

(Mufti Jabir Damanwi, Aqedah Azab e Qabar, pg.36)

So we are presenting the same Hadith in front of you so you can get to know the reality of torment of grave.

Hadith on Salat ul Kasoof

فَقُمْتُ حَتَّى تَجَلَّانِي الْغَشْيُ وَجَعَلْتُ أَصُبُّ فَوْقَ رَأْسِي مَاءً ، فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ لَا أَدْرِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ ،

(Narrated Asma’ bint Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with her) about performing of Salat ul Kasoof that) .. I, too, stood for the prayer till I fell unconscious and later on I poured water on my head. After the prayer, Allah’s Apostle praised and glorified Allah and said

ثُمَّ قَالَ :    مَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ كُنْتُ لَمْ أَرَهُ إِلَّا قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ فِي مَقَامِي هَذَا حَتَّى الْجَنَّةَ وَالنَّارَ

Just now I have seen something which I never saw before at this place of mine, including Paradise and Hell.

، وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّكُمْ تُفْتَنُونَ فِي الْقُبُورِ مِثْلَ أَوْ قَرِيبًا مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّالِ لَآ اَدْرِیْ اَیَّ ذٰلِکَ

No doubt it has been inspired to me that you will be put to trials in your graves and these trials will be like the trials of Masih-ad-Dajjal or nearly like it

قَالَتْ اَسْمَآءُ  : يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ ، فَيُقَالُ لَهُ مَا عِلْمُكَ بِهَذَا الرَّجُلِ ؟ فَأَمَّا الْمُؤْمِنُ أَوِ الْمُوقِنُ لَا أَدْرِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ ، قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ : فَيَقُولُ هُوَ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ جَاءَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَى فَأَجَبْنَا وَآمَنَّا وَاتَّبَعْنَا ،

Every one of you will be brought and asked, “What do you know about this man?” A believer will reply, “He is Muhammad (ﷺ), Allah’s Apostle, and he came to us with self-evident truth and guidance. So we accepted his teaching, believed and followed him”.

فَيُقَالُ لَهُ صَالِحًا : فَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ لَمُؤْمِنًا

 Then the angels will say to him to sleep in peace as they have come to know that he was a believer.

، وَأَمَّا الْمُنَافِقُ أَوِ الْمُرْتَابُ لَا أَدْرِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ ، قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ : فَيَقُولُ لَا أَدْرِي سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ شَيْئًا فَقُلْتُهُ

On the other hand, a hypocrite or a doubtful person will reply, “I do not know but heard the people saying something and, so I said the same”.’

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Ablutions (Wudu’), Chapter: Whoever does not repeat ablution except after falling into deep sleep – losing consciousness completely)

Ponder upon the words of the Hadith that at which location it has mentioned about:

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ ، فَيُقَالُ

“Every one of you will be brought and asked”

The explanation which we get from the Quran and Sahih Hadith about this is that the Angels take the soul of every deceased to Allah Almighty.

وَ ہُوَ الۡقَاہِرُ فَوۡقَ عِبَادِہٖ وَ یُرۡسِلُ عَلَیۡکُمۡ حَفَظَۃً ؕ حَتّٰۤی  اِذَا جَآءَ  اَحَدَکُمُ  الۡمَوۡتُ  تَوَفَّتۡہُ  رُسُلُنَا وَ ہُمۡ لَا  یُفَرِّطُوۡنَ ○ثُمَّ  رُدُّوۡۤا  اِلَی اللّٰہِ مَوۡلٰىہُمُ  الۡحَقِّ ؕ اَلَا لَہُ  الۡحُکۡمُ ۟ وَ ہُوَ  اَسۡرَعُ  الۡحٰسِبِیۡنَ ○

(Surah Al-An’am [The Cattle]:61-62)

And He is the subjugator over His servants, and He sends over you guardian-angels until, when death comes to one of you, Our messengers take him, and they do not fail [in their duties]. Then they [i.e., His servants] are returned to Allah, their true Lord. Unquestionably, His is the judgement, and He is the swiftest of accountants.

وَ مَنۡ اَظۡلَمُ مِمَّنِ افۡتَرٰی عَلَی اللّٰہِ  کَذِبًا اَوۡ قَالَ اُوۡحِیَ  اِلَیَّ  وَ لَمۡ  یُوۡحَ  اِلَیۡہِ شَیۡءٌ وَّ  مَنۡ قَالَ سَاُنۡزِلُ مِثۡلَ مَاۤ  اَنۡزَلَ اللّٰہُ ؕ وَ لَوۡ تَرٰۤی  اِذِ الظّٰلِمُوۡنَ فِیۡ غَمَرٰتِ الۡمَوۡتِ وَ الۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ بَاسِطُوۡۤا  اَیۡدِیۡہِمۡ ۚ اَخۡرِجُوۡۤا اَنۡفُسَکُمۡ ؕ اَلۡیَوۡمَ تُجۡزَوۡنَ عَذَابَ الۡہُوۡنِ بِمَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَقُوۡلُوۡنَ عَلَی اللّٰہِ غَیۡرَ الۡحَقِّ وَ کُنۡتُمۡ عَنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖ تَسۡتَکۡبِرُوۡنَ ○وَ لَقَدۡ جِئۡتُمُوۡنَا فُرَادٰی کَمَا خَلَقۡنٰکُمۡ  اَوَّلَ مَرَّۃٍ  وَّ تَرَکۡتُمۡ مَّا خَوَّلۡنٰکُمۡ  وَرَآءَ  ظُہُوۡرِکُمۡ ۚ وَ مَا نَرٰی مَعَکُمۡ شُفَعَآءَکُمُ  الَّذِیۡنَ زَعَمۡتُمۡ  اَنَّہُمۡ فِیۡکُمۡ شُرَکٰٓؤُا ؕ  لَقَدۡ تَّقَطَّعَ بَیۡنَکُمۡ  وَ ضَلَّ عَنۡکُمۡ  مَّا کُنۡتُمۡ تَزۡعُمُوۡنَ ○

(Surah Al-An’am [The Cattle]:93-94)

And who is more unjust than one who invents a lie about Allah or says, “It has been inspired to me,” while nothing has been inspired to him, and one who says, “I will reveal [something] like what Allah revealed.” And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be recompensed with the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.”

[It will be said to them], “And you have certainly come to Us alone [i.e individually] as We created you the first time, and you have left whatever We bestowed upon you behind you. And We do not see with you your ‘intercessors’ which you claimed that they were among you associates [of Allah]. It has [all] been severed between you,and lost from you is what you used to claim.”

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ ‏”‏ إِذَا خَرَجَتْ رُوحُ الْمُؤْمِنِ تَلَقَّاهَا مَلَكَانِ يُصْعِدَانِهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira reported:When the soul of a believer would go out (of his body) it would be received by two angels who would take it to the sky.

 قَالَ حَمَّادٌ فَذَكَرَ مِنْ طِيبِ رِيحِهَا وَذَكَرَ الْمِسْكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَيَقُولُ أَهْلُ السَّمَاءِ رُوحٌ طَيِّبَةٌ جَاءَتْ مِنْ قِبَلِ الأَرْضِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكِ وَعَلَى جَسَدٍ كُنْتِ تَعْمُرِينَهُ

Hammad (one of the narrators in the chain of transmitters) mentioned the sweatiness of its odor (fragrance of musk from his sweat), (and further said) that the dwellers of the sky say: Here comes the pious soul from the side of the earth Let there be blessings of Allah upon the body in which it resides.

‏ فَيُنْطَلَقُ بِهِ إِلَى رَبِّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ انْطَلِقُوا بِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الأَجَلِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

And it is carried (by the angels) to its Lord, the Exalted and Glorious. He would say: Take it to its destined end.

قَالَ ‏”‏ وَإِنَّ الْكَافِرَ إِذَا خَرَجَتْ رُوحُهُ – قَالَ حَمَّادٌ وَذَكَرَ مِنْ نَتْنِهَا وَذَكَرَ لَعْنًا – وَيَقُولُ أَهْلُ السَّمَاءِ رُوحٌ خَبِيثَةٌ جَاءَتْ مِنْ قِبَلِ الأَرْضِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَيُقَالُ انْطَلِقُوا بِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الأَجَلِ ‏”‏

When the soul of a nonbeliever would go out (of his body) Hammad made a mention of its foul smell and of its being cursed-the dwellers of the sky say: There comes a dirty soul from the side of the earth, and it would be said: Take it to its destined end.

قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَرَدَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَيْطَةً كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ هَكَذَا ‏.‏

Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) put a thin cloth which was with him upon his nose while making a mention (of the foul smell) of the soul of a non-believer.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, its Bounties and its Inhabitants, Chapter: The Deceased Is Shown His Place In Paradise Or The Fire; And Confirmation Of The Torment In The Grave – We Seek Refuge With Allah From That)

So it is the location where souls of all the human are brought after death. The hadith which is narrated by Asma on Salat ul Kasoof (about which Ahl-e-Hadith has disclosed that in this Hadith Prophet () explained first time about the details of Azab-e-Qabr), its text also proves the same thing.

There were different modes of Revelation on the Prophet (). Sometimes, the message was brought by an Angel, sometimes it was revealed into the heart, sometimes through the dream, and sometimes he had foretold visions that were bound to occur. Hence the revelation of this Hadith was done in the latter mode events taking place during the torment of the grave were shown to the Prophet () and his words (رَأَيْتُهُ I saw) is proof for that.

فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُكُمْ تُفْتَنُونَ فِي الْقُبُورِ كَفِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّال ۔۔۔۔۔فَكُنْتُ أَسْمَعُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يَتَعَوَّذُ مِنْ عَذَابِ النَّارِ وَعَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ

…(After performing Salat ul Kasoof) He (the Prophet (ﷺ)) then said: Indeed I saw you under trial in the grave like the turmoil of Dajjal. ‘Asma said: I heard ‘A’isha say: I listened after this to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) seeking refuge from the torment of Fire and the torment of the grave.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: Mentioning The Punishment In The Grave During The Eclipse Prayer)

What Prophet () saw:

إِنَّهُ عُرِضَ عَلَيَّ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ تُولَجُونَهُ فَعُرِضَتْ عَلَيَّ الْجَنَّةُ حَتَّى لَوْ تَنَاوَلْتُ مِنْهَا قِطْفًا أَخَذْتُهُ أَوْ قَالَ تَنَاوَلْتُ مِنْهَا قِطْفًا فَقَصُرَتْ يَدِي عَنْهُ وَعُرِضَتْ عَلَيَّ النَّارُ فَرَأَيْتُ فِيهَا امْرَأَةً مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تُعَذَّبُ فِي هِرَّةٍ لَهَا رَبَطَتْهَا فَلَمْ تُطْعِمْهَا وَلَمْ تَدَعْهَا تَأْكُلُ مِنْ خَشَاشِ الْأَرْضِ وَرَأَيْتُ أَبَا ثُمَامَةَ عَمْرَو بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّارِ

…and then said: All these things were brought to me in which you will be made to enter. Paradise was brought to me till (I was so close to it) that if I (had intended) to pluck a bunch (of grapes) out of it. I would have got it, or he (the Prophet (ﷺ)) said: I intended to get a bunch (out of that) but my hand could not reach it. Hell was also brought to me and I saw in it a woman belonging to the tribe of Israel who was tormented for a cat whom she had tied, but did not give it food nor set it free to eat the creatures of the earth; and I saw Abu Thumama ‘Amr b. Malik who was dragging his intestines in Hell.

(Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Eclipses, Chapter: What Was Shown To the Prophet (ﷺ) Of Paradise And Hell During The Eclipse)

عَنْ عُرْوَةَ ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا ، قَالَتْ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ :    رَأَيْتُ جَهَنَّمَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا ، وَرَأَيْتُ عَمْرًا يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ ، وَهْوَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَيَّبَ السَّوَائِبَ

Narrated Aisha: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, I saw hell and its different portions were destroying each other, and I saw `Amr dragging his intestines in it, and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose in the name of the idols.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (ﷺ)), Chapter ‘Allah has not instituted things like Bahirah or a Sã’ibah, or a Wasilah or a Ham…” (V.5:103)).

Bethink, which were these graves in which Prophet (ﷺ) saw the punishments and sought refuge from the torment of the graves? Were these graves on Earth or were these locations of the hell in which one deceased will get his punishment accordingly until the Day of Judgement.

The Prophet (ﷺ) stood at the well of Badr (which contained the corpses of the pagans) and said:

هَلْ وَجَدْتُمْ مَا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمْ حَقًّا

Have you found the truth what your Lord promised you?

Urwa ( R.Z) said Aisha ( R.Z ) interpreted it as:

حِينَ تَبَوَّءُوا مَقَاعِدَهُمْ مِنَ النَّار

When they had taken their places in the Hell-Fire.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The killing of Abu Jahl)

From this saying of the Prophet (ﷺ), it clearly explained that the location where the deceased is punished or rewarded till the day of judgements is the same location for which Allah says:

ثُمَّ أَمَاتَهُۥ فَأَقْبَرَهُۥ

Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.

 (Surah e Abasa [He Frowned]:21)

As it has said in the Quran about the nation of Nuh, wives of Nuh and Lout that straight after their death they entered hellfire and the people of Pharaoh presented in it, the same sequence also found in the Hadith of the Prophet. After viewing the punishment of the hellfire (the realm of barzakh), the Prophet (ﷺ) sought refuge from the punishment of the grave. We believe the same that torment of the grave does not happen in the worldly grave but in the realm of barzakh.

These are the narrations about Salat Ul Kasoof about which Mufti of AhleHadeed sect ( Sulfi )  said that in these narrations the Prophet (ﷺ) has given details about Azab-e-Qabr. This saying of the Prophet (ﷺ) was also quoted in these narrations, that:

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said :Many things came before me in which you will go and heaven came just like that… and hell came in front of me…

But the Prophet (ﷺ) has never mentioned the grave of this world. In fact, while watching the torment of hell (realm of barzakh), He (ﷺ) said:

And, no doubt it has been revealed to me that you (people) will be put in trial in your graves like or nearly like the trial of Masih Ad-Dajjal.

And then he sought refuge from the torment of grave!

So, this is that grave for human in which he will remain from the time he departs the world till the Day of Judgement, here he will either be punished or rewarded.

More explanation about the grave and questions and answers asked after the death of a person will be discussed in the next series In Sha Allah. (to be continued…)

Questions & Answers after death

Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Quran:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ ۖ وَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الظَّالِمِينَ ۚ وَيَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ –

( ابراہیم : 27 )

Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray the wrongdoers. And Allah does what He wills.

(Surah Ibrahim: 27)

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said about this verse:

‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا‏‏ نَزَلَتْ فِي عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ‏‏

( عن براء بن عازب ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابُ مَا جَاءَ فِي عَذَابِ القَبْرِ)

Narrated Shu’ba: “Allah will keep firm those who believe . . . (14:27) was revealed concerning the punishment of the grave.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals (Al-Janaa’iz), Chapter: The punishment in the grave)

 عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ الْمُسْلِمُ إِذَا سُئِلَ فِي الْقَبْرِ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ ‏{‏يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ‏}‏‏”‏

(عن براء بن عازب ،بخاری، کتاب تفسیر القرآن ، باب: يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ )

Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When a Muslim is questioned in his grave, he will testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), and that is what is meant by Allah’s Statement: “Allah will keep firm those who believe with a Word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (ﷺ) Surah Ibrahim, Chapter 2 “Allah will keep firm those who believe with, the word that stands firm…” (V.14:27))

Further in the hadith about question and answering:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ الْعَبْدُ إِذَا وُضِعَ فِي قَبْرِهِ، وَتُوُلِّيَ وَذَهَبَ أَصْحَابُهُ حَتَّى إِنَّهُ لَيَسْمَعُ قَرْعَ نِعَالِهِمْ، أَتَاهُ مَلَكَانِ فَأَقْعَدَاهُ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَا كُنْتَ تَقُولُ فِي هَذَا الرَّجُلِ مُحَمَّدٍ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَيَقُولُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ‏.‏ فَيُقَالُ انْظُرْ إِلَى مَقْعَدِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ، أَبْدَلَكَ اللَّهُ بِهِ مَقْعَدًا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ ـ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَيَرَاهُمَا جَمِيعًا ـ وَأَمَّا الْكَافِرُ ـ أَوِ الْمُنَافِقُ ـ فَيَقُولُ لاَ أَدْرِي، كُنْتُ أَقُولُ مَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ‏.‏ فَيُقَالُ لاَ دَرَيْتَ وَلاَ تَلَيْتَ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يُضْرَبُ بِمِطْرَقَةٍ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ ضَرْبَةً بَيْنَ أُذُنَيْهِ، فَيَصِيحُ صَيْحَةً يَسْمَعُهَا مَنْ يَلِيهِ إِلاَّ الثَّقَلَيْنِ ‏”‏‏.‏

( عن انس ؓ، بخاری، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابٌ: المَيِّتُ يَسْمَعُ خَفْقَ النِّعَالِ)

Narrated Anas: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “When a human being is laid in his grave and his companions return and he even hears their footsteps, two angels come to him and make him sit and ask him: What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad(ﷺ)? He will say: I testify that he is Allah’s slave and His Apostle. Then it will be said to him, ‘Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise instead of it.’ “The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “The dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite will say to the angels, ‘I do not know, but I used to say what the people used to say! It will be said to him, ‘Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance.’ Then he will be hit with an iron hammer between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be heard by whatever approaches him except human beings and jinns.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals, Chapter: A dead person hears the footsteps)

Note: Other than this we are not taking the hadith narrated by Minhal referred to Azib (رضي الله عنه) as our basis because it is daeef (weak) and against Quran and Hadith.

Summary of the following Sahih Hadith is:

  1. Man placed in the graves.
  2. Question asked about Muhammad (ﷺ) and, in other hadith, that question asked about iman (faith).

The hadith earlier mentioned narrated by Asma رضي الله تعالى عنها states the same:

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ، فَيُقَالُ

Every one of you will be brought and asked

So, it is clear that every deceased person will be is questionable, but the place for these questions and answers session is not in the worldly graves as not everyone destined to get the worldly graves one. Allah says:

ثُمَّ  اَمَاتَہٗ  فَاَقۡبَرَہٗ

( عبس : 21 )

Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.

(Surah Abasa [He Frowned]: 21)

It means, whoever dies gets a grave. As in communities like Buddhists, fire-worshipers, communists and socialists do not get this earthy grave. People of Nuh عليه السلام and during the time of Musa عليه السلام the people of Firaun (Pharaoh) who drowned did not get this earthly grave. The people of Madyan (Madin) were also not buried in this earthly grave (Surah Al-Araf: 91, Surah Hud: 11). The nation of Hudعليه  السلام was not buried in these graves (Surah Ahkaf: 25, Surah Zariyat: 41-42, Surah Al-Qamar: 25, Surah Al-Haqqah: 7) these graves were also not the fortune of the nation of Samud عليه السلام (Surah Al-Araf: 78, Surah Hud: 67, Surah Al-Ankabut: 48). No idea, how many nations were remained deprive of this earthly grave. So, does it mean that the commandment of Allah: ثُمَّ اَمَاتَہٗ فَاَقۡبَرَہٗ “Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him” was not fulfilled for those nations? Where are they questioned or where they get the torment of the graves.

Same thing has been stated in Quran in Surah Al-An’am: 61-62, 93-94 and Surah Al-Jumu’ah:8 that as a person dies his soul is taken to Allah in skies. The same thing has been said in the hadith earlier narrated by Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه that the soul of every deceased taken by the angels to Allah in heavens. So all humans are brought to this destination after death.

Ponder upon the words of this hadith:

يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ، فَيُقَالُ

Every one of you will be brought and asked

It means that everyone will be questioned after death, whether he buried in this earthly grave or not, whether he is burnt to ashes cremated or fall prey to wild beast and birds or decayed by drowning in the sea. It is not an earthly place but as described in the verse of Surah Al-An’am:

وَ لَقَدۡ جِئۡتُمُوۡنَا فُرَادٰی کَمَا خَلَقۡنٰکُمۡ  اَوَّلَ مَرَّۃٍ  وَّ تَرَکۡتُمۡ مَّا خَوَّلۡنٰکُمۡ  وَرَآءَ  ظُہُوۡرِکُمۡ

[It will be said to them], “And you have certainly come to Us alone [i.e., individually] as We created you the first time, and you have left whatever We bestowed upon you behind you.

(Surah Al-An’am [The Cattle]: 94)

So, it is a place other than this earth.

A hadith has been presented from Abu Daud that a person of Bani Israel said to another person that: Allah will not forgive you, so when their souls reached Allah, the one who said such a phrase entered hell and the other whom was said entered Jannah. Therefore these questioning and answering are done on the souls.

See more:

إِنَّ رَجُلاً كَانَ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ أَتَاهُ الْمَلَكُ لِيَقْبِضَ رُوحَهُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ هَلْ عَمِلْتَ مِنْ خَيْرٍ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ، قِيلَ لَهُ انْظُرْ‏.‏ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ شَيْئًا غَيْرَ أَنِّي كُنْتُ أُبَايِعُ النَّاسَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَأُجَازِيهِمْ، فَأُنْظِرُ الْمُوسِرَ، وَأَتَجَاوَزُ عَنِ الْمُعْسِرِ‏.‏ فَأَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ الْجَنَّةَ ‏”‏‏.‏

(بخاری: کتاب الانبیاء،با ب ماذکر عن بنی اسرائیل)

“I also heard him saying, ‘From among the people preceding your generation, there was a man whom the angel of death visited to capture his soul. (So his soul was captured) and he was asked if he had done any good deed.’ He replied, ‘I don’t remember any good deed.’ He was asked to think it over. He said, ‘I do not remember, except that I used to trade with the people in the world and I used to give a respite to the rich and forgive the poor (among my debtors). So, Allah made him enter Paradise.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prophets, Chapter: What has been said about Bani Israel?)

So, it is clear, these questioning and answering done on the souls. And the souls remain in the heavens till the day of judgement. The place where the question and answering or the relief and torment of graves takes place.

The blessed tongue of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) called this place as “grave”. Aisha رضي الله تعالى عنها says:

عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَتْ إِنَّمَا مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى يَهُودِيَّةٍ يَبْكِي عَلَيْهَا أَهْلُهَا فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنَّهُمْ لَيَبْكُونَ عَلَيْهَا، وَإِنَّهَا لَتُعَذَّبُ فِي قَبْرِهَا ‏”‏‏.‏

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، کتاب الجنائز ، بَابُ قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «يُعَذَّبُ المَيِّتُ بِبَعْضِ بُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ» إِذَا كَانَ النَّوْحُ مِنْ سُنَّتِهِ “)

Narrated `Aisha: (The wife of the Prophet) Once Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) passed by a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, “They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Funerals, Chapter: The deceased is punished because of the weeping of his relatives).

إِنَّهُمْ(They)  لَيَبْكُونَ(are weeping) عَلَيْهَا (over her)وَإِنَّهَا(and she) لَتُعَذَّبُ (is being tortured) فِي قَبْرِهَا (in her grave)

Since all this happens in realm of Barzakh (Aalim e Barzakh) so, it termed as Graves of barzakh (Barzakhi Qabr). What the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) was saying will be much clearer by the following hadiths:

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said to Fatima رضي الله تعالى عنها before the death:

ثُمَّ سَارَّنِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنِّي أَوَّلُ أَهْلِهِ يَتْبَعُهُ فَضَحِكْتُ‏.

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری ، کتاب المغازی ، بَابُ مَرَضِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَوَفَاتِهِ)

I would be the first of his family to follow him, so I laughed (at that time).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (ﷺ) (Al-Maghaazi), Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet (ﷺ) and his death))

He (ﷺ) said to his wives:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ بَعْضَ، أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قُلْنَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَيُّنَا أَسْرَعُ بِكَ لُحُوقًا قَالَ ‏ “‏ أَطْوَلُكُنَّ يَدًا ‏”‏‏.‏ فَأَخَذُوا قَصَبَةً يَذْرَعُونَهَا، فَكَانَتْ سَوْدَةُ أَطْوَلَهُنَّ يَدًا، فَعَلِمْنَا بَعْدُ أَنَّمَا كَانَتْ طُولَ يَدِهَا الصَّدَقَةُ، وَكَانَتْ أَسْرَعَنَا لُحُوقًا بِهِ وَكَانَتْ تُحِبُّ الصَّدَقَةَ‏.

( عن عائشہ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الزکاۃ ، بَابُ فَضْلِ صَدَقَةِ الشَّحِيحِ الصَّحِيحِ )

Narrated `Aisha: Some of the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) asked him, “Who amongst us will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?” He said, “Whoever has the longest hand.” So they started measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda’s hand turned out to be the longest. (When Zainab bint Jahsh died first of all in the caliphate of `Umar), we came to know that the long hand was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to follow the Prophet (ﷺ) and she used to love to practice charity. (Sauda died later in the caliphate of Muawiya)

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat), Chapter: What kind of As-Sadaqa (charity etc.) is superior?)

Now, think whether Fatima رضي الله تعالى عنها and Zainab رضي الله تعالى عنها are buried in Medina with the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) grave? Or they have met Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in heaven (realm of barzakh)!

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ حَاجَّ مُوسَى آدَمَ، فَقَالَ لَهُ أَنْتَ الَّذِي أَخْرَجْتَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ بِذَنْبِكَ وَأَشْقَيْتَهُمْ‏.‏ قَالَ قَالَ آدَمُ يَا مُوسَى أَنْتَ الَّذِي اصْطَفَاكَ اللَّهُ بِرِسَالَتِهِ وَبِكَلاَمِهِ أَتَلُومُنِي عَلَى أَمْرٍ كَتَبَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَىَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَنِي أَوْ قَدَّرَهُ عَلَىَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَنِي ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ فَحَجَّ آدَمُ مُوسَى

( عن ابی ہریرۃ ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب تفسیر القرآن ، بَابُ قَوْلِهِ: {فَلاَ يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَى} )

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Moses argued with Adam and said to him (Adam), ‘You are the one who got the people out of Paradise by your sin, and thus made them miserable.” Adam replied, ‘O Moses! You are the one whom Allah selected for His Message and for His direct talk. Yet you blame me for a thing which Allah had ordained for me before He created me?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) further said, “So Adam overcame Moses by this Argument.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (ﷺ), Chapter The Statement of Allah the Exalted: “…So let him not get you both out of Paradise, so that you be distressed.” (V.20:117))

Now think that Adam عليه السلام came to Moses عليه السلام in this worldly grave or this is related to realm of barzakh (Aalim e Barzakh)?

Now take a look at more hadiths, the action of Prophet Muhammad () show that he () did not believe torment of the grave in this earthly grave.

فَرَأَيْتُهُمْ قُتِلُوا يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ، فَأُلْقُوا فِي بِئْرٍ غَيْرَ أُمَيَّةَ أَوْ أُبَىٍّ تَقَطَّعَتْ أَوْصَالُهُ، فَلَمْ يُلْقَ فِي الْبِئْرِ‏.

( عن عبد اللہ ؓ ، بخاری ، کتاب مناقب الانصار ، بَابُ مَا لَقِيَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَأَصْحَابُهُ مِنَ المُشْرِكِينَ بِمكَّةَ)

Abdullah Said :I saw these people killed on the day of Badr battle and thrown in the well except Umaiya or Ubai whose body parts were mutilated but he was not thrown in the well.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar), Chapter: (The troubles which) the Mushrikun caused)

عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ كَانَ رَجُلٌ نَصْرَانِيًّا فَأَسْلَمَ وَقَرَأَ الْبَقَرَةَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ، فَكَانَ يَكْتُبُ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم، فَعَادَ نَصْرَانِيًّا فَكَانَ يَقُولُ مَا يَدْرِي مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ مَا كَتَبْتُ لَهُ، فَأَمَاتَهُ اللَّهُ فَدَفَنُوهُ، فَأَصْبَحَ وَقَدْ لَفَظَتْهُ الأَرْضُ فَقَالُوا هَذَا فِعْلُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ، لَمَّا هَرَبَ مِنْهُمْ نَبَشُوا عَنْ صَاحِبِنَا‏.‏ فَأَلْقُوهُ فَحَفَرُوا لَهُ فَأَعْمَقُوا، فَأَصْبَحَ وَقَدْ لَفَظَتْهُ الأَرْضُ، فَقَالُوا هَذَا فِعْلُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ نَبَشُوا عَنْ صَاحِبِنَا لَمَّا هَرَبَ مِنْهُمْ‏.‏ فَأَلْقَوْهُ فَحَفَرُوا لَهُ، وَأَعْمَقُوا لَهُ فِي الأَرْضِ مَا اسْتَطَاعُوا، فَأَصْبَحَ قَدْ لَفَظَتْهُ الأَرْضُ، فَعَلِمُوا أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَأَلْقَوْهُ‏.‏

( عن انس ؓ ، بخاری ، کتاب المناقب ، بَابُ عَلاَمَاتِ النُّبُوَّةِ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ )

Narrated Anas: There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surat-al-Baqara and Al-`Imran, and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet. Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: “Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him.” Then Allah caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, “This is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them.” They again dug the grave deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, “This is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them.” They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground).

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (ﷺ) and his Companions, Chapter: The signs of Prophethood in Islam).

، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ قَدِمَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ فَنَزَلَ أَعْلَى الْمَدِينَةِ، فِي حَىٍّ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ‏.‏ فَأَقَامَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِيهِمْ أَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ لَيْلَةً، ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَ إِلَى بَنِي النَّجَّارِ فَجَاءُوا مُتَقَلِّدِي السُّيُوفِ، كَأَنِّي أَنْظُرُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ، وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ رِدْفُهُ، وَمَلأُ بَنِي النَّجَّارِ حَوْلَهُ، حَتَّى أَلْقَى بِفِنَاءِ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، وَكَانَ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ حَيْثُ أَدْرَكَتْهُ الصَّلاَةُ، وَيُصَلِّي فِي مَرَابِضِ الْغَنَمِ، وَأَنَّهُ أَمَرَ بِبِنَاءِ الْمَسْجِدِ، فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى مَلإٍ مِنْ بَنِي النَّجَّارِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا بَنِي النَّجَّارِ ثَامِنُونِي بِحَائِطِكُمْ هَذَا ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالُوا لاَ وَاللَّهِ، لاَ نَطْلُبُ ثَمَنَهُ إِلاَّ إِلَى اللَّهِ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَنَسٌ فَكَانَ فِيهِ مَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ، قُبُورُ الْمُشْرِكِينَ، وَفِيهِ خَرِبٌ، وَفِيهِ نَخْلٌ، فَأَمَرَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِقُبُورِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَنُبِشَتْ، ثُمَّ بِالْخَرِبِ فَسُوِّيَتْ، وَبِالنَّخْلِ فَقُطِعَ، فَصَفُّوا النَّخْلَ قِبْلَةَ الْمَسْجِدِ، وَجَعَلُوا عِضَادَتَيْهِ الْحِجَارَةَ، وَجَعَلُوا يَنْقُلُونَ الصَّخْرَ، وَهُمْ يَرْتَجِزُونَ، وَالنَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَعَهُمْ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ لاَ خَيْرَ إِلاَّ خَيْرُ الآخِرَهْ فَاغْفِرْ لِلأَنْصَارِ وَالْمُهَاجِرَهْ ‏”‏

( عن انس بن مالک ؓ ، بخاری، کتاب الصلاۃ ، بَابٌ: هَلْ تُنْبَشُ قُبُورُ مُشْرِكِي الجَاهِلِيَّةِ، وَيُتَّخَذُ مَكَانُهَا مَسَاجِدَ )

Narrated Anas: When the Prophet (ﷺ) arrived Medina he dismounted at `Awali-i-Medina amongst a tribe called Banu `Amr bin `Auf. He stayed there for fourteen nights. Then he sent for Bani An-Najjar and they came armed with their swords. As if I am looking (just now) as the Prophet (ﷺ) was sitting over his Rahila (Mount) with Abu Bakr riding behind him and all Banu An-Najjar around him till he dismounted at the courtyard of Abu Aiyub’s house. The Prophet (ﷺ) loved to pray wherever the time for the prayer was due even at sheep-folds. Later on he ordered that a mosque should be built and sent for some people of Banu-An-Najjar and said, “O Banu An-Najjar! Suggest to me the price of this (walled) piece of land of yours.” They replied, “No! By Allah! We do not demand its price except from Allah.” Anas added: There were graves of pagans in it and some of it was unlevelled and there were some date-palm trees in it. The Prophet (ﷺ) ordered that the graves of the pagans be dug out and the unlevelled land be levelled and the date-palm trees be cut down. (So all that was done). They aligned these cut date-palm trees towards the Qibla of the mosque (as a wall) and they also built two stone side-walls (of the mosque). His companions brought the stones while reciting some poetic verses. The Prophet (ﷺ) was with them and he kept on saying, “There is no goodness except that of the Hereafter, O Allah! So please forgive the Ansars and the emigrants. “

(Sahih Bukhari, Book of Prayers (Salat), Chapter: Is it permissible to dig the graves of pagans of the period of Ignorance, and to use that place as a mosque?)

Ponder upon that if the torment is in this earthly grave, then why Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) dig out the graves of the polytheists. By not burying the pieces of the body of Allah’s enemy Ummaya Bin Khalf, was he saved from the torment of grave similarly that apostate also escaped from the torment of grave whose body thrown out of his grave. These actions of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) has made the fact clear that this grave is only to hide the dead body.

Based on Quran and sahih Hadith these series has made it clear that:

● When a person dies his hereafter begins for him straight away. His soul goes to heaven or hell, where he gets good reward or punishment.

● As soon as the soul departs body becomes free from any feelings and emotions and starts to decay and becomes part of the soil.

● The torment of the grave is part of the suffering of hereafter and it all takes place in the heavens (skies) in realm of barzakh (Aalim e Barzakh).

● This torment will end on the day of resurrection when Allah will return the souls to worldly bodies to restore with life in them and on that day of the judgement they will enter heaven or hell and finally for them death will exist no more.